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Faculty & Research

D Eleanor Westney

  • Society of Sloan Fellows Professor of International Management
  • Professor of Management, Emerita
  • 62-388
  • (617) 324-4116
  • (617) 253-2660

Eleanor Westney's long-term research interest is learning across borders (i.e., how organizational patterns developed in one social context are adapted in other societies). She is currently working on the internationalization of R&D, particularly in the context of firms establishing R&D centers in Japan, and Japanese firms setting up R&D facilities offshore.

  • "From Star to Dog - and Back? Changing Western Perspectives on Japan’s Business System." Westney, D. Eleanor. Tokyo, Japan: Hitotsubashi University Institute for Innovation Research, Forthcoming.
  • "The MNE as a Multilingual Organization." Pikkari, Rebecca and D. Eleanor Westney. In Multinational Corporations and Organization Theory, Forthcoming.
  • "The Organizational Architecture of the Multinational Corporation." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Orchestration of the Global Network Organization (Advances in International Management, Volume 27), 5-22. Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2014.
  • "Internationalization in Japan's Service Industries." Asakawa, Kazuhiro, Kiyohiko Ito, Elizabeth L. Rose and D. Eleanor Westney. Asia Pacific Journal of Management Vol. 30, No. 4 (2013): 1155-1168.
  • "Evolutionary Perspectives on the Internationalization of R&D in Japanese Multinational Corporations." Asakawa, Kazuhiro and D. Eleanor Westney. Asian Business and Management Vol. 12, (2013): 115-141.
  • "A Space-Time Continuum of the FIrm: A Study of Millenium Companies and Diversified MNCs." Kiyohiko Ito and D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, edited by Shige Makino, Tunga Kiyak, Nagoya, Japan: June 2011.
  • "The Casual Ethnography of the Executive Suite." Westney, D. Eleanor and John Van Maanen. Journal of International Business Studies Vol. 42, No. 5 (2011): 602-607.
  • "Global Strategy and Global Business Environment: Changing Models of the Global Business Environment." Westney, D. Eleanor. Global Strategy Journal Vol. 1, No. 3-4 (2011): 377-381.
  • "How to Design an Operating Model that Fits Your Global Strategy." D. Eleanor Westney, Stephane Girod, Joshua Bellin and Mauro Guillen.
  • "Nihon no kyosoryoku ni taisuru obei roncho no henkan." Cusumano, Michael A. and D. Eleanor Westney. In Meido in japan wa owaru no ka? , edited by A. Takeishi, M. Cusumano, Y. Aoshima, Tokyo, Japan: Toyo Keizai Shimbunsha, 2010.
  • "The Multinational Firms as an Evolutionary System." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, edited by Torben Pedersen, Tunga Kiyak, San Diego, CA: June 2009.
  • "The Multinational Enterprise as an Evolutionary System." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Images of the Multinational Enterprise, 117-144. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.
  • "Challenging the Transnational Model." Westney, D. Eleanor. Socio-Economic Review (2008): 390-394.
  • "Japan." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Handbook of International Business, 623-651. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2008.
  • "The Multinational Corporation as an Organization." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Handbook of International Business, 349-379. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2008.
  • "Japanese Corporate Genealogy in the Service Sector." Kiyohiko Ito, Elizabeth Rose and D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the 48th Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, edited by Mary Ann Von Glinow, Beijing, China: June 2006.
  • "The Lost Decade and Japanese Business Studies." Westney, D. Eleanor. Asian Business and Management Vol. 5, (2006): 167-185.
  • "Japanese Business Groups." Kiyohiko Ito, Elizabeth Rose and D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Academy of International Business/JIBS Conference on Emerging Research Frontiers in International Business, San Diego, CA: November 2006.
  • "Evolutionary Perspectives on the Internationalization of R&D in Japanese multinational Corporations." Kaz Asakawa and D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association of Japanese Business Studies, Quebec City, Quebec: July 2005.
  • Organization Theory and the Multinational Corporation. Ghoshal, Sumantra and D. Eleanor Westney. New York, NY: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005.
  • "Institutionalization Theory and the Multinational Corporation." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Organization Theory and the Multinational Corporation, 53-76. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
  • "What is International Business? A Sociologist's View." Westney, D. Eleanor. In What is International Business?, edited by Peter J. Buckley, 153-167. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
  • Managing for the Future: Organizational Behavior and Processes. Ancona, Deborah L., Thomas A. Kochan, Maureen Scully, John Van Maanen and D. Eleanor Westney. Cincinnati, OH: South-Western College Publishing, 2004.
  • "Geography as a Design Variable." Westney, D. Eleanor. In The Future of the Multinational Corporation, 128-142. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2003.
  • "Japanese Enterprise in the 21st Century." Westney, D. Eleanor. In The Twenty-First Century Firm, edited by Paul DiMaggio, 105-143. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003.
  • Smart Globalization: Designing Global Strategies, Creating Global Networks. Gupta, Anil K. and D. Eleanor Westney (Eds.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2003.
  • "De-Institutionalization and the Social Organization of Markets: The Building Industry in Japan." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Conference on Institutional Change in East Asian Economies, Cambridge, MA: November 2003.
  • "Through a Glass Darkly: Changing Academic Perspectives on Japan's Business System." D. Eleanor Westney. In Hitotsubashi Workshop on "The End of Japan", Honolulu, HI: January 2003.
  • "Organization Design of MNEs: The Neglected Role of Geography as a Design Variable." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the 44th Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, edited by Lorraine Eden, San Juan, Puerto Rico: June 2002.
  • "Knowledge Creation and the Internationalization of Japanese Companies: Frost-line Management Crossing Borders." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Knowledge Emergence, 176-193. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • "Multinational Enterprises and Cross-Border Knowledge Creation." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Knowledge Emergence, 147-175. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • "Organization Theory Perspectives on the Cross-Border of Organizational Patterns." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Re-Made in America: Transplanting and Transforming Japanese Management Systems, 385-405. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • "Changing Perspectives on the Organization of Japanese Multinational Enterprises." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Japanese Multinationals Abroad: Individual and Organizational Learning, 11-29. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • "Organisational Evolution of Multinational Enterprise: An Organisational Sociology Perspective." Westney, D. Eleanor. Management International Review, Special Issue Vol. 39, No. 1 (1999): 55-75.
  • "Research on the Global Management of Technology." Westney, D. Eleanor. Hitotsubashi Business Review Vol. 46, No. 1 (1998): 1-21.
  • "The Japanese Business System in the 21st Century." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Tunghai University Conference on East Asian Enterprises and Societies, Taiwan, China: May 1998.
  • "The Japanese Business System in Transition." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the 1st Annual Economic and Organizational Sociology Conference, Philadelphia, PA: December 1998.
  • "Organization Theory Perspectives and International Business." Westney, D. Eleanor. In International Business: An Emerging Vision, 296-312. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1997.
  • "Japanese Mass Media as Business Organizations." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Media and Politics in Japan, Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press, 1996.
  • "The Evolution of the Japanese Business System." Westney, D. Eleanor. Journal of Asian Business Vol. 12, No. 1 (1996): 21-50.
  • "International Product Development of Japanese Firms: Product Group Coherence and Internal Isomorphism." Sakakibara, Kiyonori, D. Eleanor Westney and Masaru Kosaka. In Managing Product Development, edited by Toshihiro Nishiguchi, 57-71. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • "The Evolution of Japan's Industrial R&D." Westney, D. Eleanor. In The Japanese Firm: The Source of Competitive Strength, 154-177. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • "The Global Management of R&D: Report on Phase One of the IRI-MIT Study." D. Eleanor Westney.
  • "The Future Evolution of the Japanese Business System." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association of Asian Studies, Washington, DC: April 1995.
  • "Alliances and Learning: The Use of Strategic Alliances to Expand Technology Capabilities." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the 4th MIT-NTU Annual Conference on Strategic Alliances, Singapore: July 1994.
  • "The Science and Technology Strategy of America’s Research Universities  for the 21st Century." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Yokohama Prefectural Symposium on the Globalization of Technology, Yokohama, Japan: February 1994.
  • "Japanese Multinationals in North America." Lorraine Eden. In Multinationals in North America, edited by Lorraine Eden, 253-275. Calgary, Alberta: University of Calgary Press, 1994.
  • "Building a Competitor Intelligence Organization: Adding Value in an Information Function." Westney, D. Eleanor and Sumantra Ghoshal. In Information Technology and the Corporation of the 1990's, 430-453. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • "Country Patterns of R&D Organization: The United States and Japan." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Country Competitiveness: Technology and the Organizing of Work, edited by Bruce Kogut, 36-54. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  • "Japanese Investments in the North American Bloc." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Investment Canada Conference on Multinationals in North America, Ottawa, Canada: May 1993.
  • "Organizational Change and the Internationalization of R&D." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Transforming Organizations, 245-259. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1992.
  • "Organizing Competitor Analysis Systems." Ghoshal, Sumantra and D. Eleanor Westney. Strategic Management Journal Vol. 12, No. 1 (1991): 17-31.
  • "Sociological Approaches to the Pacific Region." Westney, D. Eleanor. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science Vol. 505, No. 1 (1990): 24-33.
  • "The U.S. Multinational Corporation and the Globalization of Competition." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association: The Transformation of the Large Corporation, Washington, DC: August 1990.
  • "Country Patterns in R&D Organization: The Case of Japan." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Workshop on the Organization of Work and Technology: Implications for International Competitiveness, Brussels, Belgium: May 1990.
  • "U.S. Industrial Culture and the Japanese Competitive Challenge." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Same Bed, Different Dreams: America and Japan - Societies in Transition, New York, NY: Council on Foreign Relations, 1990.
  • "Building the National Communications System: Adopting and Adapting Foreign Models in Meiji Japan." Westney, D. Eleanor. In The Ambivalence of Nationalism: Modern Japan between East and West, 39-60. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1990.
  • "Internal and External Linkages in the MNC: The Case of R&D Subsidaries in Japan." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Managing the Global Firm, London, UK: Croom Helm, 1990.
  • "Gijutsu no Gurobaruka to R&D no Kokusaika (The Globalization of Technology and the Internationalization of R&D)." Westney, D. Eleanor. Hitotsubashi Business Review Vol. 37, No. 2 (1990): 30-40.
  • "The Globalization of Technology and the Internationalization of R&D." D. Eleanor Westney.
  • "Adding Value in an Information Function: The Case of Competitor Information." Sumantra Ghoshal and D. Eleanor Westney. In Management in the 90's Project, May 1988.
  • "Assessments of the Competitor Information Function in the Very Large Scale Organization." Sumantra Ghoshal and D. Eleanor Westney. In Management in the 90's Project, May 1988.
  • "Western Perspectives on Collaborative Research with Japan: The Permeability of the Japanese Technology System." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the 1988 Japan Management Association International Conference on Strategic R&D Management, Tokyo, Japan: May 1988.
  • "Isomorphism, Institutionalization, and the Multinational Enterprise." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business: Organization Theory and the Multinational Enterprise, San Diego, CA: October 1988.
  • "The Role of Japan-Based R&D in Global Technology Strategy." Westney, D. Eleanor and Kiyonori Sakakibara. In Reading in the Management Innovation, Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1988.
  • "Domestic and Foreign Learning Curves in Managing International Cooperative Strategies." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Cooperative Strategies in International Business, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 1988.
  • "Managing Innovation in the Information Age: The Case of the Building Industry in Japan." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Mitsubishi Conference, Karuizawa, Japan: August 1987.
  • "External Networks and Variation in Multinational Enterprise: The Case of R&D Subsidaries in Japan." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Symposium on the Management of the MNC, Brussels, Belgium: June 1987.
  • "Building Learning Curves in the CI Function." Sumantra Ghoshal and D. Eleanor Westney. In Management in the 90's Project, June 1987.
  • "Japanese Scientific and Technical Information at MIT." Richard J. Samuels and D. Eleanor Westney.
  • Imitation and Innovation : The Transfer of Western Organizational Patterns to Meiji Japan. Westney, Eleanor D. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987.
  • "Designing the Designers: Computer R&D in the U.S. and Japan." Westney, D. Eleanor. MIT Technology Review, April 1986.
  • "'Organizations' and 'The Military'." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Japan in Transition: From Tokugawa to Meiji, 133-142. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986.
  • "Meijiki Nihon ni okeru seiyo no soshiki pa-tan e no chosen (The selection of Western organizational pattern in Meiji Japan)." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Toji Kiko no Bummeigaku, Tokyo, Japan: Chuo Koron Sha, 1986.
  • "Takokuseki Kigyo to joho tsushin gijutsu (Multinational enterprise and information and communications technology)." Westney, D. Eleanor. In Johoka Jidai no sangyo kigyo ningen, Tokyo, Japan: Yusankaku Sensho, 1986.
  • "Japanese and U.S. Engineers and the Organization of R&D in the Computer Industry." D. Eleanor Westney. In Forum 85: Annual Conference of Engineering Managers of the Digital Equipment Corporation, Maynard, MA: April 1985.
  • "The Role of Japan-Based R&D in Global Technology Strategy." Westney, D. Eleanor and Kiyonori Sakakibara. Technology in Society Vol. 7, No. 2-3 (1985): 315-330.
  • "The Japanese Role in the Internationalization of Research and Development." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the North Carolina Japan Center Distinguished Lecture in Science, Raleigh, NC: November 1984.
  • "A Comparative Analysis of the Organization of R&D in the U.S. and Japanese Computer Industries." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the International Business Society, Cleveland, OH: October 1984.
  • "The Emulation of Western Organizational Models in Meiji Japan: The Case of the Paris Prefecture of Police and the Keishi-Cho." Westney, D. Eleanor. Journal of Japanese Studies Vol. 8, No. 2 (1982): 307-342.
  • "Statistical Graphics in Mass Publications:  Historical and Comparative Perspectives." James R. Beniger and D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Statistical Association, Detroit, MI: August 1981.
  • "Japanese and U.S. Media: Graphics as a Reflection of Newspapers' Social Role." Beniger, James R. and D. Eleanor Westney. Journal of Communication Vol. 31, No. 2 (1981): 18-47.
  • "The Search for Structure:  A Sociologist's Reading of the Northrop Frye." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Sociological Society, New York, NY: March 1981.
  • "Changes in the Structure of the Daily Newspaper Industry in the United Kingdom and Japan 1952-1976." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Inter-university Workshop on the Japanese Media, Cambridge, MA: February 1980.
  • "BBC and NHK: The Comparative Study of the Organizational Development of Television Broadcasting." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Inter-university Workshop on the Japanese Media, Cambridge, MA: February 1979.
  • "Patterns of Organizational Development in Japan: The Spread of the Incorporated Enterprise." Westney, D. Eleanor. In The International Yearbook of Organizational Studies, New York, NY: Routledge, 1979.
  • "Patterns of Organizational Development: The Spread of the Incorporated Enterprise in Japan." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, San Francisco, CA: August 1978.
  • "The Japanese Media in Comparative Perspective." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Inter-university Workshop on the Japanese Media, Cambridge, MA: May 1978.
  • "Regional Variations During Modernization: Organizational Development in Japan, 1888-1908." D. Eleanor Westney. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, Chicago, IL: August 1977.