Edward Roberts

David Sarnoff Professor of Management of Technology
Founder and Chair, Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship

Biography | Selected Publications

Entrepreneurial Impact: The Role of MIT – An Updated Report Roberts. Roberts, Edward B., and Charles EesleyBoston: NOW Publications, 2011. 

Entrepreneurial Impact: The Role of MIT. Roberts, Edward B., and Charles Eesley. Kansas City: Kauffman Foundation, 2009. 

Corporate Venture Capital (CVC): Seeking Innovation and Strategic Growth. MacMillan, Ian, Edward B. Roberts, Val Livada, and Andrew Wang. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Standards & Technology Special Report GCR 08-916, June 2008. 

"What We Learned About Invention and Innovation." Roberts, Edward B. (January/February 2007). Research-Technology Management, 50(1): 35-54.

"Global R&D Activities of Japanese MNCs in the US: A Triangulation Approach." Kurokowa, Sam, Satoshi Iwata, and Edward B. Roberts (2007). Research Policy, 36: 3-36.  (2007)

"Making System Dynamics Useful: A Personal Memoir." Roberts, Edward B. (Summer/Fall 2007). System Dynamics Review, 23(2-3): 119-136. 

"A Perspective on 50 Years of the Engineering Management Field." Roberts, Edward B. (November 2004). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 51(4): 398-403.

"Linkage, Leverage and Leadership Drive Successful Technological Innovation." Roberts, Edward B. (May/June 2004). Research/Technology Management, 47(3): 9-11.

"An Introduction and Celebration." Roberts, Edward B. International Journal of Technology and Innovation Management Education, 1(1): 1-2.  (2004)

"Managerial Determinants of Industrial R&D Performance: An Analysis of the Global Chemicals/Materials Industry." Roberts, Edward B., and Paulo Roberto Bellotti (February 2002). Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 69(2): 129-152.

"Privatization Processes and the Redefinition of Corporate R&D Boundaries." Munari, Federico, Edward B. Roberts, and Maurizio Sobrero (January 2002). Research Policy, 31(1): 31-53.

"Strategic Management of Supplier-Manufacturer Relations in New Product Development." Sobrero, Maurizio, and Edward B. Roberts (January 2002). Research Policy, 31(1): 159-182.

Innovation: Driving Product, Process and Market Change. Roberts, Edward B. (ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002.

"Benchmarking Global Strategic Management of Technology." Roberts, Edward B. (March/April 2001). Research/Technology Management, 44(2): 25-36.

"The Trade-off Between Efficiency and Learning in Interorganizational Relationships for Product Development." Sobrero, Maurizio, and Edward B. Roberts (April 2001). Management Science, 47(4): 493-511. 

Managerial Applications of System Dynamics. Roberts, Edward B. (ed.). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1978. (1999)

"The Importance of Listening to the Voice of the Customer." Roberts, Edward B. (1999). Wirtschafts Politische Blaetter, 43(1-2): 44-48. (1999)

"The Effects of Social Capital on the Technological Performance of the Firm: A Longitudinal Analysis." Roberts, Edward B., and P. Soh (February 1998). MIT ICRMOT Working Paper #174-98.

"Modeling the Diffusion of Financial Innovations." Roberts, Edward B., and L. Lopez (October 1997). MIT Sloan School Working Paper #3994.

"Managing Technological Innovation for Global Advantage." Roberts, Edward B. In Roberts, Edward B. (ed.), Generating Technological Innovation. Madrid: Fundacion COTEC, 1996, 17-51. 

"Benchmarking the Strategic Management of Technology - II." Roberts, Edward B. (March/April 1995). Research/Technology Management, 38(2): 18-26. 

"Benchmarking the Strategic Management of Technology - I." Roberts, Edward B. (January/February 1995). Research/Technology Management, 38(1): 44-56. 

"Seeking Global Technological Advantage." Roberts, Edward B. (Fall 1995). IEEE Engineering Management Review, 23(3): 4-13. 

"Global Benchmarking Study on the Strategic Management of Technology: The Case of Singapore." Roberts, Edward B., P.-K. Wong, and L. Loh (September 1994). MIT ICRMOT Working Paper #114-94. 

​"Strategic Management of Technology: Global Benchmarks." Roberts, Edward B. In Strategic Management of Technology: Global Benchmarking. Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Industrial Liaison Program, December 10, 1992, 12-22. 

"A Theory of Service Delivery and Its Application to the Drop-out Phenomenon." Levin, Gilbert, and Edward B. Roberts. In Levine,  R. L., and H. E. Fitzgerald (eds.), Analysis of Dynamic Psychological Systems, Volume 2: Methods and Applications. New York: Plenum Press, 1992, 263-301.

"How to Succeed in Business by Really Trying: Listen to the Customer's Voice." Roberts, Edward B. (Fall 1992). Benchmark, 9(3): 16-18. 

"Audiotape: Managing Technology in a Recession." Roberts, Edward B. In British Airways Business World Series, London: January 1991. 

Entrepreneurs in High Technology: Lessons from MIT and Beyond. Roberts, Edward B. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

"High Stakes for High-Tech Entrepreneurs: Understanding Venture Capital Decision-Making." Roberts, Edward B. (Winter 1991). Sloan Management Review, 12(2): 9-20. 

"Strategic Transformation and the Success of High-Technology Companies." Roberts, Edward B. In Gold, B. (ed.), On the Increasing Role of Technology in Corporate Policy. Geneva: Special Publication of International Journal of Technology Management, Inderscience Enterprises, 1991, 59-80. 

"Evolving Toward Product and Market-Orientation: The Early Years of Technology-Based Firms." Roberts, Edward B. (December 1990). Journal of Product Innovation Management, 7(4): 274-287. 

"The Personality and Motivations of Technological Entrepreneurs." Roberts, Edward B. (September 1989). Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 6(1): 5-23. 

"Managing Technological Innovation in the Medical Devices Industry." Roberts, Edward B. (July-August 1989). Research/Technology Management, 32(4): 34-41. 

New Strategies for New Challenges: Corporate Innovation in the United States and Japan. Branscomb, L., et. al. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1999. (1989)

"Technology and Industrial Innovation in Sweden: A Study of Technology-Based Firms Formed Between 1965 and 1980." Utterback, J.M., et al. (February 1988). Research Policy, 17(1); 15-26. 

"Managing Invention and Innovation." Roberts, Edward B. (January/February 1988). Research/Technology Management, 31(1): 11-29.

​"Focusing Product Technology for Corporate Growth." Meyer, Marc H., and Edward B. Roberts (Summer 1988). Sloan Management Review, 29(4): 7-16. 

"Technological Innovation and Medical Devices." Roberts, Edward B. In Ekelman, K. B. (ed.), New Medical Devices: Invention, Development, and Use. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1988, 35-47. 

"FDA Regulation of Product Risk and Its Impact Upon Young Biomedical Firms." Hauptman, Oscar, and Edward B. Roberts (June 1987). Journal of Product Innovation Management, 4(2): 138-148. 

Generating Technological Innovation. Roberts, Edward B. (ed.). New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Management of Technology: The Hidden Competitive Advantage. Edwards, Robert B., et al. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1987. 

"Managing Technological Innovation: A Search for Generalizations." Roberts, Edward B. In Roberts, Edward B. (ed.), Generating Technological Innovation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987, 3-21. 

"Strategic Alliances: Setting the Stage." Roberts, Edward B. In Strategic Alliances: New Competitive Muscle. New York: Business Week, October 1986, 1-29.

"New Product Strategy in Small Technology-Based Firms: A Pilot Study." Meyer, Marc H., and Edward B. Roberts (June 1986). Management Science, 32(7): 806-821.

"Audiotape: People Make it Happen." Roberts, Edward B. In Innovation Action Series. Corning, NY: Corning Glass Works, 1986.

"Health Information Systems." Roberts, Edward B. (May 1985). Medical Care, 23(5): 672-676.

"Strategic Alliances Between Large and Small Firms." Roberts, Edward B. (May 1985). MIT Enterprise Forum Reporter, 4(9). 

"Entering New Businesses: Selecting Strategies for Success." Roberts, Edward B., and C.A. Berry (Spring 1985). Sloan Management Review, 26(3): 3-17.

"Improving Research Productivity." Roberts, Edward B. (November 1984). TAPPI Journal, 67(11): 44-47. 

"Skills Requirements for the Strategic Management of Technology." Roberts, Edward B. In Taking Technology to the Marketplace. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Canadian Research Management Association, October 1984, 13-31. 

"Strategic Management of Technology." Roberts, Edward B. In Global Technological Change: Symposium Proceedings. Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Industrial Liaison Program, June 1983, 209-222. 

"Business Planning in the Start-Up High-Technology Enterprise." Roberts, Edward B. In Hornaday, J.A. et al. (editors), Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 1983. Wellesley, MA: Babson College, 1983, 107-117. 

"Comparison of New Technology-Based Firm Formation in Sweden and Massachusetts." Utterback, J.M., et al. In Hornaday, J.A., et al. (eds.), Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 1983. Wellesley, MA: Babson College, 1983, 519-528.

"R&D in the Context of the Whole Organization." Roberts, Edward B. In Research and Development: Key Issues for Management. New York: The Conference Board, 1983, 42-46. 

"Representing Decision Processes." Roberts, N., et al. In Introduction to Computer Simulation: The System Dynamics Approach. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1983, 373-393.

"Why Do Occupational Physicians Need to be Better Managers?" Stearns, N., and Edward B. Roberts (March 1982). Journal of Occupational Medicine, 24(3): 219-224.

"A Systems View of the Smoking Problem." Homer, J., et al. (1982). International Journal of Bio-Medical Computing, 13: 69-86. (1982)

"Factors Affecting Research and Development Performance." Roberts, Edward B. In Suh, N.P., and B.M. Kramer (eds.), Cooperative Research. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, 1982, 145-156. 

"Technology and Industrial Innovation in Sweden." Martin, A. et al. In Vesper, K.H. (ed.), Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 1982. Wellesley, MA: Babson College, 1982. 

"The Development of Biomedical Technologies." Roberts, Edward B. In McNeil, B.J., and E.G. Cravalho (eds.), Critical Issues in Medical Technology. Boston: Auburn House, 1982, 3-22. 

"Licensing: An Effective Alternative?" Roberts, Edward B. (September 1981). Les Nouvelles, 16(3): 226-230.

"Commercial Innovation from University Faculty." Roberts, Edward B., and Donald Peters (July 1981). Research Policy, 10(2): 108-126.

"A System Dynamics View of Substance Abuse." Hirsch, Gary, Edward B. Roberts, and Gilbert Levin. In Lowinson, J.H., and P. Ruiz (eds.), Substance Abuse in the United States. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins Company, 1981, 109-125.

Biomedical Innovation. Roberts, Edward B., Robert I. Levy, Stan N. Finkelstein, Jay Moskowitz, and Edward J. Sondik (eds.). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1981. 

"Biomedical Innovation: The Challenge and the Process." J. Moskowitz, et al. In Roberts, Edward B. et al. (ed.), Biomedical Innovation. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1981, 1-17. 

"Critical Functions: Needed Roles in the Innovation Process." Roberts, Edward B., and Alan Fusfeld. In Katz, R. (ed.), Career Issues in Human Resource Management. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1981, 182-207. 

"Influences on Innovation: Extrapolations to Biomedical Technology." Roberts, Edward B. In Roberts, Edward B., et al. (eds.), Biomedical Innovation. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1981, 50-74. 

"Staffing the Innovative Technology-Based Organization." Roberts, Edward B., and Alan R. Fusfeld (Spring 1981). Sloan Management Review, 22(3): 19-34.

"New Ventures for Corporate Growth." Roberts, Edward B. (July/August 1980). Harvard Business Review, 58(4): 134-142. 

"Small Can Be Beautiful: Getting New Ventures Off the Ground." Roberts, Edward B. (June 1980). Management Review, 69(6): 51-56. 

"Venturing for Innovation." Roberts, Edward B. In Opportunities in Innovation. New York: Sperry Corporation, 1980, 44-53. 

"Stimulating Technological Innovation: Organizational Approaches." Roberts, Edward B. (November 1979). Research Management, 22(6): 26-30. 

"What Do We Really Know About Managing R&D?" Roberts, Edward B. (November 1978). Research Management, 21(6): 6-11.

"A Correlation of R&D Laboratory Performance with Critical Functions Analysis." Rhoades, Richard G., Edward B. Roberts, and Alan R. Fusfeld (October 1978). R&D Management, 9(1): 13-17. 

"A Systems Intervention for Improving Medical School-Hospital Interrelationships." Stearns, N., et al. (June 1978). Journal of Medical Education, 53: 464-472.

"Critical Functions: The Key to Managing Teamwork in the Innovation Process." Roberts, Edward B., and A. Fusfeld. In Proceedings of the International Electronics Convention, Boston: May 1978. 

"Improving the Role of Technology Forecasting and Planning: How to Put Technology into Corporate Planning." Roberts, Edward B., and A. Fusfeld. In Proceedings of the International Electronics Convention, Boston: May 1978. 

"Strategies for Improving Research Utilization." Roberts, Edward B., and A. Frohman (March/April 1978). Technology Review, 80(5): 32-39.

"A Medical Education Program Strategy for Community Hospitals." Stearns, N., Edward B. Roberts, and T. Bergan (January 1978). The Hospital Medical Staff, 7(1): 20-25.

"Some Insights into Implementation." Roberts, Edward B. In Roberts, Edward B. (ed.), Managerial Applications of System Dynamics​. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1978, 155-161.

"Systems Analysis of Workload Fluctuations: A Case Study of the Precision Company." Roberts, Edward B. In Roberts, Edward B. (ed.), Managerial Applications of System Dynamics. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1978, 163-184. (1978)

Videotape Series: (1) Designing Medical Organizations: Underlying Concepts. Roberts, Edward B. Atlanta: National Medical Audio-Visual Center, National Library of Medicine, 1978.

"Videotape Series: (2) Designing Medical Organizations: To Matrix or Not." Roberts, Edward B. Atlanta: National Medical Audio-Visual Center, National Library of Medicine, 1978.

"Strategies for Effective Implementation of Complex Corporate Models." Roberts, Edward B. (November 1977). TIMS-ORSA Interfaces, 8(1): 26-33.

"Generating Effective Corporate Innovation." Roberts, Edward B. (October/November 1977). Technology Review, 80(1): 26-33.

"Systems Analysis of Apparel Company Problems." Roberts, Edward B. (Summer 1977). DYNAMICA, 3(Part 3): 105-131. 

"On Modelling." Roberts, Edward B. (January-March 1976). Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 9(1-2): 231-238. 

"Creating More Effective R&D Plans for the Future." Roberts, Edward B. In Business Challenges: An M.I.T. Perspective. Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Industrial Liaison Program, 1976, 3-37.

"Strategic Modelling for Health Care Managers." Roberts, Edward B., and Gary B. Hirsch (Winter 1976). Health Care Management Review, 1(1): 69-77. 

"Systems Intervention: New Help for Hospitals." Stearns, N., et al. (Fall 1976). Health Care Management Review, 1(4): 9-18. 

The Dynamics of Human Service Delivery. Levin, Gilbert, Edward B. Roberts, et al. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing, 1976. 

"Videotape Series: (1) Strategic Planning: A Framework for Management Decision-Making. Roberts, Edward B. Atlanta: National Medical Audio-Visual Center, National Library of Medicine, 1976.

Videotape Series: (2) Organizing for Strategic Planning. Roberts, Edward B. Atlanta: National Medical Audio-Visual Center, National Library of Medicine, 1976.

Videotape Series: (3) Implementing Strategic Planning. Roberts, Edward B. Atlanta: National Medical Audio-Visual Center, National Library of Medicine, 1976. 

"Technology Strategy for the European Firm." Roberts, Edward B. (August 1975). Industrial Marketing Management, 4(4): 193-198. ​

The Persistent Poppy: A Computer-Aided Search for Heroin Policy. Roberts, Edward B., Gilbert Hirsch, and Gary B. Levin. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing, 1975.

"A Simple Model of R&D Project Dynamics." Roberts, Edward B. (October 1974). R&D Management, 5(1): 1-15. 

"Foreword." Roberts, Edward B. In Putt, W. (ed.), How to Start Your Own Business. Cambridge, MA: The M.I.T. Press, 1974, ix-xiv. (1974)

"Insights into Innovation." Roberts, Edward B. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh National Conference on the Administration of Research, Denver: Denver Research Institute, 1974, 45-48.

"The Dynamics of R&D Strategy." Weil, H., Edward B. Roberts, and T. Bergan. In Proceedings of the 1973 Summer Simulation Conference, Montreal: July 1973.

"Correlatie Tussen Innovaties en Investeringen in R&D Ontbreekt." Roberts, Edward B. (August 1972). Financieel-Economisch Magazine, 3(15): 16-21.

"Narcotics and the Community: A System Simulation." Levin, Gilbert, Gary Hirsch, and Edward B. Roberts (June 1972). American Journal of Public Health, 62(6): 861-873. 

"Internal Entrepreneurship: Strategy for Growth." Roberts, Edward B., and Alan L. Frohman (Spring 1972). The Business Quarterly, 37(1): 71-78.

"Some Characteristics of Technical Entrepreneurs." Roberts, Edward B., and H. Wainer (August 1971). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, EM-18(3): 100-108. 

"System Simulation of Program-Patient Interaction." Kligler, D. et al. In Proceedings of the 1971 Summer Simulation Conference, Boston: July 1971.

"Le Controle de l'Advancement des Travaux de Recherche et Developpement." Roberts, Edward B. (May/June 1971). Synopsis, 3(131): 19-32.

"Implementing New Educational Technology for the Military." Roberts, Edward B., and H. Weil (April 1971). Naval War College Review, 23(8): 22-28.

"System Simulation in Watershed Planning." Roberts, Edward B. In Proceedings of a Symposium on Lake Cochituate and its Watershed, Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College Environmental Center, 1971, 31-36. 

"Videotape: Making Entrepreneurs a Corporate Asset." Roberts, Edward B. New York: The Innovation Group, 1971. 

"How to Succeed in a New Technology Enterprise." Roberts, Edward B. (December 1970). Technology Review, 73(2): 22-27. 

"Analyse Fonctionelle des Problemes d'une Entreprise de Confections." Roberts, Edward B. (January/February 1970). Direction et Gestion.

"The Management of Department of Defense Laser Research Contracts." Davis, Jr., William A., and Edward B. Roberts (January 1970). Journal of Business, 43(1): 44-55. 

"Unutilized Ideas in University Laboratories." Peters, Donald H., and Edward B. Roberts (June 1969). Academy of Management Journal, 12(2): 179-191.

"Exploratory and Normative Technological Forecasting: A Critical Appraisal." Roberts, Edward B. (Fall 1969). Technological Forecasting, 1(2): 113-127.

"Foreword." Roberts, Edward B. In Cetron, M., et al. (eds.), Technical Resource Management: Quantitative Methods. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1969, v-vii.

"Recognizing and Keeping Entrepreneurs." Roberts, Edward B. (1969). Innovation, no. 7: 46-53.  (1969)

"Successful Technical Entrepreneurship." Roberts, Edward B. In New Business: Innovative Technology, Management and Capital. Boston: Boston College Press, 1969, 43-52.

Systems Simulation for Regional Analysis: An Application to River Basin Planning. Hamilton, H., S. E. Goldstone, J. W. Milliman, A. L. Pugh III, E. B. Roberts, A. Zellner (eds). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1969.

"New Enterprises on Route l28." Roberts, Edward B., and H. Wainer (December 1968). Science Journal, 4(12): 78-83. 

"A Systems Study of Policy Formulation in a Vertically Integrated Firm." Roberts, Edward B., Dan I. Abrams, and Henry B. Weil (August 1968). Management Science, 14(12): B674-B694.

"Myths of Research Management." Roberts, Edward B. (August 1968). Science & Technology, no. 80: 40-46. 

"Entrepreneurship and Technology: A Basic Study of Innovators." Roberts, Edward B. (July 1968). Research Management, 11(4): 249-266. 

Follow-on Contracts in Government-Sponsored Research and Development: Their Predictability and Impact." Dyer, W., and Edward B. Roberts (Winter 1968). Industrial Management Review, 9(2): 41-55. 

"Facts and Folklore in Research and Development Management." Roberts, Edward B. (Spring 1967). Industrial Management Review, 8(2): 5-18. 

"The Problem of Aging Organizations: A Study of R&D Units." Roberts, Edward B. (Winter 1967). Business Horizons, 10(4): 51-58. 

"Effects of Incentive Contracts on Research and Development: A Preliminary Research Report." Roberts, Edward B., and J. Sloat (December 1966). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, EM-13(4): 181-187.

"Questioning the Cost/Effectiveness of the R&D Procurement Process." Roberts, Edward B. In Yovits, M.C., et al. (eds), Research Program Effectiveness. New York: Gordon & Breach Science Publishers, Inc., 1966, 93-113.

"Systems Concept in Corporate Management Education." Roberts, Edward B. In Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Training Directors' Conference, Flint, MI: General Motors Institute, 1966, 1.1-1.22.

"The Measurement and Improvement of R&D Marketing Effectiveness." Roberts, Edward B. In Changing Boundaries of the Defense Industries. Boston: Boston College Press, 1966, 14-20.

"Improving R&D Procurement." Roberts, Edward B. (Fall 1965). The Scanner, 5-6. 

"Marketing and Engineering Strategies for Winning R&D Contracts." Roberts, Edward B. In Adaptability for Survival in the Defense Industries. Boston: Boston College Press, 1965, 93-113.

"The Dynamics of Research and Development." Roberts, Edward B. In Proceedings of R&D Symposium: Motivation and Support of R&D to Achieve National Goals, Washington, D.C.: National Security Industrial Association, 1965, 25-38.

"How the U.S. Buys Research." Roberts, Edward B. (September 1964). International Science and Technology, 33: 70-77. 

"Research on the Management of Technology-Based Enterprises." Roberts, Edward B. (September 1964). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, EM-11(3): 99-102. 

"Research and Development Policy-Making." Roberts, Edward B. (June 1964). Technology Review, 66(8): 32-36. 

"New Directions in Industrial Dynamics." Roberts, Edward B. (Fall 1964). Industrial Management Review, 6(1): 5-14. 

Strategies for Survival in the Aerospace Industry. Roberts, Edward B. Cambridge, MA: Arthur D. Little, Inc., 1964. 

The Dynamics of Research and Development. Roberts, Edward B. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1964.

"Industrial Dynamics and the Design of Management Control Systems." Roberts, Edward B. (December 1963). Management Technology, 3(2): 100-118. 

Problems in Industrial Dynamics. Roberts, Edward B. Cambridge, MA: The M.I.T. Press, 1963.

"Toward a New Theory for Research and Development." Roberts, Edward B. (Fall 1962). Industrial Management Review, 4(1): 29-40. 


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