Fiona Murray

William Porter Professor of Entrepreneurship
Associate Dean for Innovation & Co-Director MIT Innovation Initiative
Faculty Director, Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship|Faculty Director, Legatum Center|Member of the UK Prime Minister's Council for Science and Technology (CST)

Biography | Selected Publications

“Exploring Tradeoffs in the Organization of Scientific Work: Collaboration and Scientific Reward.” Bikard, Michaël, Fiona E. Murray, and Joshua S. Gans (2014). Management Science, Forthcoming

“Intellectual Property and Scientific Journals as Knowledge Platforms.” Fehder, Daniel C., Fiona E. Murray, and Scott Stern (September 2014). International Journal of Industrial Organization, 83-94.

“Intellectual Property and the Evolution of Scientific Journals as Knowledge Platforms,” Dan Fedher, Fiona Murray, and Scott Stern, International Journal of Industrial Organization Vol. 36, Septemeber 2014. (2014)

"An Entrepreneurs Guide to the Univeresity." Murray, Fiona E., and J. Kolev. In Link, Albert, Donald S. Siegel, and Mike Wright (eds). Handbook of University Technology Transfer, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2014.

“Credit History: The Changing Nature of Scientific Credit.” ​Gans, Joshua S., and Fiona E. Murray. Prepared for the NBER Special Conference on The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy. In Jaffe and Jones, The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy, 2014. (2014)

"Entrepreneurial Attraction: Investors Prefer Entrepreneurial Ventures Pitched By Attractive Men." Brooks, Alison Wood, Laura Huang, Sarah Wood Kearney and Fiona E. Murray (2014). Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. (2014)

"How Competition can Spark Innovation." ​MacCormack, Alan, Fiona E. Murray, and Erika Wagner (Fall 2013). Sloan Management Review.

“Evaluating the Role of Science Philanthropy in American Universities.” Murray, Fiona E. Pp. 23-59 in Lerner, J., and S. Stern, eds., Innovation Policy and the Economy, Vol. 13, University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012.

“From Bench to Board: Gender Differences in University Scientists’ Participation in Commercial Science.” Ding, Waverly W., Fiona E. Murray, and Toby Stuart (2012). Academy of Management Journal, 56(5): 1443-1464. (2012)

“Funding Scientific Knowledge: Selection, Disclosure and the Public-Private Portfolio.” ​Gans, Joshua S., and Fiona E. Murray. Chapter 1 in The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: A New Agenda. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

“Governing Knowledge Production in the Scientific Community: Quantifying the Impact of Retractions.” Furman, Jeffrey L., Kyle Jensen, and Fiona E. Murray (2012). Research Policy, 41: 276– 290. (2012)

“Grand Innovation Prizes: A Theoretical, Normative and Empirical Evaluation.” Murray, Fiona E.Scott Stern, Georgina Campbell, and Alan MacCormack (2012). Research Policy, 41(10): 1779-1792. (2012)

“Growing Stem Cells: The Impact of U.S. Policy on the Organization of Scientific Research.” Furman, Jeffrey L., Fiona E. Murray, and Scott Stern (2012). Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 31(3): 661-705. (2012)

"A Global Need for Women’s Biotech Leadership." Smith-Doerr, Laurel, Gintare Kemekliene, Rita Teutonico, Lene Lange, Lydia Villa-Komaroff, Line Matthiessen-Guyader, and Fiona E. Murray (2011). Nature Biotechnology, 29: 948-949. (2011)

How Does the Republic of Science Shape the Patent System? Broadening the Institutional Analysis of Policy Levers for Innovation and Knowledge Disclosure (2011)

“How Does the Republic of Science Shape the Patent System? Broadening the Institutional Analysis of Policy Levers for Innovation and Knowledge Disclosure.” ​Murray, Fiona E., Joshua S. Gans, and Mackey L. Craven (2011). UC Irvine Law Review, 1(2): 359-395. (2011)

 “The Oncomouse that Roared: Hybrid Exchange Strategies as a Source of Productive Tension at The Boundary Of Overlapping Institutions.” Murray, Fiona E. (September 2010). American Journal of Sociology, 116(2): 341-388.

“Entrepreneurial Experiments in Science Policy:  Analyzing the Human Genome Project.” Huang, Kenneth G., and Fiona E. Murray (2010). Research Policy, 39(5): 567-582. (2010)

Entrepreneurship and the Construction of Value in Biotechnology (2010)

“More for the Research Dollar.” Furman, Jeffrey L., Fiona E. Murray, and Scott Stern (2010). Nature, 468: 475-478. (2010)

“Patenting Life: How the Oncomouse Patent Changed the Lives of Mice & Men.” Murray, Fiona E. (2010). In Biagioli, M., P. Jaszi, and M. Woodmansee (eds.), Con/Texts of Invention: Creative Production in Legal and Cultural Perspective. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (2010)

"The Public and Private Sectors in the Process of Innovation: Theory and Evidence from the Mouse Genetics Revolution." Aghion, Philippe, Mathias Dewatripont, Julian Kolev, Fiona E. Murray, and Scott Stern (2010). American Economic Review, 100(2): 153-158. (2010)

“Does Patent Strategy Shape the Long-Run Supply of Public Knowledge: Evidence from Human Genetics.” Huang, Kenneth G., and Fiona E. Murray (December 2009). Academy of Management Journal, 52(6): 1193-1221.

“Exploring the Foundations of Cumulative Innovation: Implications for Organization Science.” Murray, Fiona E., and Siobhán O’Mahony (November-December 2007). Organization Science, 18(6): 1006-1021.

“Do formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge?" Murray, Fiona E., and Scott Stern (August 2007). Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 63(4): 648-687.

A Simple Method to Improve Life Science Patent Searches using the Cyber infrastructure of the NIH (2007)

“Buying Science & Selling Science: Gender Stratification in Commercial Science.” Murray, Fiona E., and Leah Graham (2007). Industrial and Corporate Change, 16(4): 657-689. (2007)

“The Stem Cell Market: Patents & the Pursuit of Scientific Progress.” Murray, Fiona E. (2007). New England Journal of Medicine, 356(23): 2341-2343. (2007)

“When Ideas are Not Free: The Impact of Patenting on Academic Science.” Murray, Fiona E., and Scott Stern (2007). Pp. 33-69 in Jaffe A., J. Lerner, and S. Stern (eds.), Innovation Policy and the Economy, Vol. 7. MIT Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research. (2007)

“An Empirical Study of Gender Differences in Patenting among Academic Life Scientists.” Ding, Waverly W., Fiona E. Murray, and Toby E. Stuart (2006). Science, 313: 665-667. (2006)

"China and Stem Cell Research: Bit-Player or Powerhouse?" ​Murray, Fiona E., and Debora Spar (2006). New England Journal of Medicine, 355(12): 1191-1194.  (2006)

“Gold in the Ivory Tower: Equity Rewards of Out-Licensing.” Edwards, Mark G., Fiona E. Murray, and Robert Yu (2006). Nature Biotechnology, 24(5): 509-515. (2006)

“The Intellectual Property Landscape of the Human Genome.” Jensen, Kyle, and Fiona E. Murray (October 2005). Science, 310: 239-240.

"The Role of Academic Inventors in Entrepreneurial Firms: Sharing in the Laboratory Life." Murray, Fiona E. (May 2004). Research Policy, 33(4): 643-659.

“Biotechnology financing dilemmas and the role of special purpose entities.” ​Schiff, Leora, and Fiona E. Murray (2004). Nature Biotechnology, 22(3): 271-277. (2004)

“Examining the marketplace for ideas: How local are Europe’s biotechnology clusters?” Casper, Steven, and Fiona E. Murray (2004). Chapter 12 in McKelvey et al. (eds.), Economic Dynamics of Modern Biotechnology. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. (2004)

“The Exploratory Processes of Entrepreneurial Firms: The role of purposeful experimentation.” ​Murray, Fiona E., and Mary Tripsas (2004). In Baum, J.A.C., and A.M. McGahan (eds.), Business Strategy over the Industry Life Cycle: Advances in Strategic Management, 21. Oxford UK: JAI/Elsevier. (2004)

“Value creation and sharing among universities, biotechnology and pharma.” ​Edwards, Mark G., Fiona E. Murray, and Robert Yu (2003). Nature Biotechnology, 21(6): 618-624. (2003)

"Innovation as co-evolution of scientific and technological networks: exploring tissue engineering." Murray, Fiona E. (2002). Research Policy, 31(8-9): 1389-1403. (2002)


Contact Information
Office: E62-488
Tel: (617) 253-3681
Fax: (617) 253-2660
Support Staff
Name: Carrie Beaulieu
Tel: (617) 253-3681

Research Center(s)

General Expertise
Accelerators; Business plans; Competition; Crowdfunding; Entrepreneurial management; Gender issues; Global entrepreneurship; Global entrepreneurship; Government; Incubators; Innovation; Innovation management; Intellectual property; International entrepreneurship; New venture development; Open innovation; Patents; Research and development; Social entrepreneurship; Startups / Start-ups; Technological innovation; Technological innovation; Technology transfer; United Kingdom