Fiona Murray

William Porter Professor of Entrepreneurship
Associate Dean for Innovation & Co-Director MIT Innovation Initiative
Faculty Director, Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship|Faculty Director, Legatum Center|Member of the UK Prime Minister's Council for Science and Technology (CST)

Biography | Selected Publications

“Credit History: The Changing Nature of Scientific Credit.” ​Gans, Joshua S. and Fiona Murray. In The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy, edited by Adam Jaffe and Benjamin Jones, 107-131. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2015.

“Exploring Tradeoffs in the Organization of Scientific Work: Collaboration and Scientific Reward.” Bikard, Michaël, Fiona Murray and Joshua S. Gans. Management Science Vol. 61, No. 7 (2015): 1473-1495.  (2015)

"An Entrepreneur's Guide to the University." Murray, Fiona and Julian Kolev. In Handbook of University Technology Transfer and Academic Entrepreneurship, edited by Albert N. Link, Donald S. Siegel and Mike Wright, 97-132. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2015.

"Markets for Scientific Attribution." Gans, Joshua S. and Fiona E. Murray, Rotman School of Management Working Paper 2519603. Toronto, Ontario: University of Toronto Rotman School of Management, November 2014.

"Contracting Over the Disclosure of Scientific Knowledge: Intellectual Property Protection and Academic Publication.” Gans, Joshua S., Fiona Murray and Scott Stern, Working Paper. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2014.

“Intellectual Property and the Evolution of Scientific Journals as Knowledge Platforms.” Fedher, Dan, Fiona Murray and Scott Stern. International Journal of Industrial Organization Vol. 36 (2014): 83-94. (2014)

"Entrepreneurial Attraction: Investors Prefer Entrepreneurial Ventures Pitched By Attractive Men." Brooks, Alison Wood, Laura Huang, Sarah Wood Kearney and Fiona E. Murray. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science Vol. 111, No. 12 (2014): 4427–4431. (2014)

"Retractions." ​Azoulay, Pierre, Jeffrey L. Furman, Joshua L. Krieger and Fiona E. Murray, NBER Working Paper 18499. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, January 2014.

"Spurring Innovation Through Competitions." ​MacCormack, Alan, Fiona Murray and Erika Wagner. MIT Sloan Management Review, September 2013.

"A Tale of Two Entrepreneurs: Understanding Differences in the Types of Entrepreneurship in the Economy." ​Aulet, William and Fiona Murray, Kauffman Foundation Working Paper. Kansas City, MO: Kauffman Foundation, May 2013.

Evaluating the Role of Science Philanthropy in American Universities. Murray, Fiona. In Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 13, edited by Josh Lerner and Scott Stern, 23-59. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2012. (2013)

"Governing Innovation Prizes." ​Burstein, Michael J. and Fiona E. Murray, Working Paper. 2013.

“Grand Innovation Prizes: A Theoretical, Normative and Empirical Evaluation.” Murray, FionaScott Stern, Georgina Campbell and Alan MacCormack. Research Policy Vol. 41, No. 10 (2012): 1779-1792. (2012)

From Bench to Board: Gender Differences in University Scientists’ Participation in Commercial Science.” Ding, Waverly W., Fiona Murray and Toby Stuart. Academy of Management Journal Vol. 56, No. 5 (2012): 1443-1464. (2012)

Growing Stem Cells: The Impact of U.S. Policy on the Organization of Scientific Research.” Furman, Jeffrey L., Fiona Murray and Scott Stern. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management Vol. 31, No. 3 (2012): 661-705. (2012)

Funding Scientific Knowledge: Selection, Disclosure and the Public-Private Portfolio.” ​Gans, Joshua S., and Fiona Murray. In The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: A New Agenda, edited by Josh Lerner and Scott Stern, 51-103. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Governing Knowledge Production in the Scientific Community: Quantifying the Impact of Retractions.” Furman, Jeffrey L., Kyle Jensen and Fiona Murray. Research Policy Vol. 41, No. 2 (2012): 276– 290. (2012)

"Standing on Chinese Shoulders: The Impact of Scientific Knowledge Produced in China.” ​Kuo, Valerie, Fiona Murray and Y. Huang, Working Paper. 2012.

"A Global Need for Women’s Biotech Leadership." Smith-Doerr, Laurel, Gintare Kemekliene, Rita Teutonico, Lene Lange, Lydia Villa-Komaroff, Line Matthiessen-Guyader and Fiona Murray. Nature Biotechnology Vol. 29 (2011): 948-949. (2011)

“Patenting Life: How the Oncomouse Patent Changed the Lives of Mice & Men.” Murray, Fiona. In Making and Unmaking Intellectual Property: Creative Production in Legal and Cultural Perspective, edited by Mario Biagioli, Peter Jaszi and Martha Woodmansee, 399-411. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2011.

"How Does the Republic of Science Shape the Patent System? Broadening the Institutional Analysis of Policy Levers for Innovation and Knowledge Disclosure." Murray, Fiona E., Joshua S. Gans and Mackey L. Craven. UC Irvine Law Review Vol. 1, No. 2 (2011): 359-395. (2011)

"More for the research dollar." Furman, Jeffrey L., Fiona Murray and Scott Stern. Nature Vol. 468, No. 7325 (2010): 757-758. (2010)

 “The Oncomouse that Roared: Hybrid Exchange Strategies as a Source of Productive Tension at The Boundary Of Overlapping Institutions.” Murray, Fiona. American Journal of Sociology  Vol. 116, No. 2 (2010): 341-388. (2010)

"Entrepreneurship and the Construction of Value in Biotechnology." Kaplan, Sarah and Fiona Murray. In Technology and Organization: Essays in Honour of Joan Woodward, edited by Nelson Phillips, Graham Sewell and Dorothy Griffiths, 107-147. Bingley BD16 1WA, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2010.

“Entrepreneurial Experiments in Science Policy:  Analyzing the Human Genome Project.” Huang, Kenneth G. and Fiona E. Murray. Research Policy Vol. 39, No. 5 (2010): 567-582. (2010)

"The Public and Private Sectors in the Process of Innovation: Theory and Evidence from the Mouse Genetics Revolution." Aghion, Philippe, Mathias Dewatripont, Julian Kolev, Fiona Murray, and Scott Stern. American Economic Review Vol. 100, No. 2 (2010): 153-158. (2010)

Does Patent Strategy Shape the Long-Run Supply of Public Knowledge: Evidence from Human Genetics.” Huang, Kenneth G. and Fiona Murray. Academy of Management Journal Vol. 52, No. 6 (2009): 1193-1221. (2009)

Of Mice and Academics: The Role of Openness in Science.” Murray, Fiona E.Philippe Aghion, Mathias Dewatripont, Julian Kolev and Scott Stern, NBER Working Paper 14819. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2009.

Exploring the Foundations of Cumulative Innovation: Implications for Organization Science.” Murray, Fiona and Siobhán O’Mahony. Organization Science Vol. 18,  No. 6 (2007): 1006-1021. (2007)

“Buying Science & Selling Science: Gender Stratification in Commercial Science.” Murray, Fiona and Leah Graham. Industrial and Corporate Change Vol. 16, No. 4 (2007): 657-689. (2007)

“Do Formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge?" Murray, Fiona and Scott Stern. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization Vol. 63, No. 4 (2007): 648-687. (2007)

“The Stem Cell Market: Patents & the Pursuit of Scientific Progress.” Murray, Fiona. New England Journal of Medicine Vol. 356, No. 23 (2007): 2341-2343. (2007)

"A Simple Method to Improve Life Science Patent Searches using the Cyber infrastructure of the NIH." Jensen, Kyle, Chen Jinan and Fiona Murray. First Monday Vol. 12, No. 6 (2007). (2007)

When Ideas are Not Free: The Impact of Patenting on Academic Science.” Murray, Fiona and Scott Stern. In Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 7, edited by Josh Lerner and Scott Stern, 33-69. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2007.

"China and Stem Cell Research: Bit-Player or Powerhouse?" ​Murray, Fiona and Debora Spar. New England Journal of Medicine Vol. 355, No. 12 (2006): 1191-1194.  (2006)

“Gender Differences in Patenting among Academic Life Scientists.” Ding, Waverly W., Fiona Murray and Toby E. Stuart. Science Vol313, No. 5787 (2006): 665-667. (2006)

Gold in the Ivory Tower: Equity Rewards of Out-Licensing.” Edwards, Mark G., Fiona Murray and Robert Yu. Nature Biotechnology Vol. 24, No. 5 (2006): 509-515. (2006)

“The Intellectual Property Landscape of the Human Genome.” Jensen, Kyle and Fiona Murray. Science Vol. 310, No. 5746 (2005): 239-240. (2005)

“The Exploratory Processes of Entrepreneurial Firms: The Role of Purposeful Experimentation.” ​Murray, Fiona and Mary Tripsas. In Business Strategy over the Industry Life Cycle: Advances in Strategic Management, edited by Joel A.C. Baum and Anita M. McGahan, 45-75. Bingley BD16 1WA, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2004.

“Examining the Marketplace for Ideas: How Local are Europe’s Biotechnology Clusters?” Casper, Steven, and Fiona Murray. In Economic Dynamics of Modern Biotechnology, edited by Maureen D. McKelvey, Annika Rickne and Jens Laage-Hellman. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2004.

"The Role of Academic Inventors in Entrepreneurial Firms: Sharing in the Laboratory Life." Murray, Fiona. Research Policy Vol. 33, No. 4 (2004): 643-659. (2004)

“Biotechnology Financing Dilemmas and the Role of Special Purpose Entities.” ​Schiff, Leora and Fiona Murray. Nature Biotechnology Vol. 22, No. 3 (2004): 271-277. (2004)

“Value Creation and Sharing Among Universities, Biotechnology and Pharma.” ​Edwards, Mark G., Fiona Murray and Robert Yu. Nature Biotechnology Vol. 21, No. 6 (2003): 618-624. (2003)

"Innovation as Co-evolution of Scientific and Technological Networks: Exploring Tissue Engineering." Murray, Fiona. Research Policy Vol. 31, No. 8-9 (2002): 1389-1403. (2002)


Contact Information
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Tel: (617) 253-3681
Fax: (617) 253-2660
Support Staff
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Research Center(s)

General Expertise
Accelerators; Business plans; Competition; Crowdfunding; Entrepreneurial management; Gender issues; Global entrepreneurship; Global entrepreneurship; Government; Incubators; Innovation; Innovation management; Intellectual property; International entrepreneurship; New venture development; Open innovation; Patents; Research and development; Social entrepreneurship; Startups / Start-ups; Technological innovation; Technological innovation; Technology transfer; United Kingdom