John Carroll

Gordon Kaufman Professor of Management
Professor of Organization Studies and Engineering Systems

Biography | Selected Publications

"Safety culture in and around the cockpit," Carroll, J. S. SAFERskies – The Journal of IPA Safety, 2014, 4(1), 16-19.

"Avoiding communications breakdowns in nursing change of shift handovers," Carroll, J. S., Williams, M., & Gallivan, T. M. (E)Hospital, 2013, 15(3), 19-20, 29.

"Dynamic modeling as a multidicipline collaborative journey." Morrison, J. B., Rudolph, J. W., & Carroll, J. S. System Dynamics Review, 2013, 29, 4-25.

"Root cause and corrective action." Baird, P., et. al. In Weinger, M. B., B. P. Hallbert, and M. K. Logan (eds.), Risk and Reliability in Healthcare and Nuclear Power: Learning from Each Other. Arlington, VA: Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation, 2013, 81-101

Safety management in context – Cross-industry learning for theory and practice.  Grote, G. & Carroll, J. S. (Eds.) Ruschlikon, Switzerland: Swiss Re Centre for Global Dialogue, 2013.

"A voice is worth a thousand words: The implications of the micro-coding of social signals in speech for trust research." Waber, Benjamin, Michele Williams, John S. Carroll, and Alex Pentland. In Lyon, F., GMS Mollering, and T. Hatzakis (eds.), Handbook of Research Methods on Trust. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2012, 249-258.

"The ins and outs of change of shift handoffs between nurses: A communications challenge." Carroll, John S., Michele Williams, and Theresa M. Gallivan (2012). BMJ Quality and Safety, 21(7), 586-593. (2012)

"Dueling stakeholders and dual-hatted systems engineers:  Engineering challenges, capabilities and skills in government infrastructure technology projects." Brooks, JoAnn M., John S. Carroll, and Jon S. Beard (2011). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 58(3) 589-601. (2011)

“Organizational Errors: Directions for Future Research.” Goodman, Paul S., Rangaraj Ramanujam, John S. Carroll, Amy C. Edmondson, David A. Hofmann, and Kathleen M. Sutcliffe (2011). Research in Organizational Behavior, 31: 151-176. (2011)

"The gift of failure: New approaches to analyzing and learning from events and near-misses – Honoring the contributions of Bernhard Wilpert." Carroll, John S., and Babette Fahlbruch (eds.) (2011). Safety Science, 49(1). (2011)

Dueling Stakeholders and Dual-Hatted Systems Engineers: Engineering Challenges, Capabilities and Skills in Government Infrastructure Technology Projects (2010)

Organizational Errors: Directions for Future Research. (2010)

Relational Space: The Heart of Sustainability Collaborations (2010)

"Relational Space: The Heart of Sustainability Collaborations." Bradbury-Huang, Hilary, Benyamin Lichtenstein, John S. Carroll, and Peter M. Senge. In Woodman, R., W. Pasmore, and A. B. Shani (eds.), Research in Organizational Change and Development, vol. 18. San Diego, CA: JAI Press, 2010, 109-148.

The gift of failure: New approaches to analyzing and learning from events and near-misses – Honoring the contributions of Bernhard Wilpert. (2010)

"Moving beyond normal accidents and high reliability organizations: A systems approach to safety in complex systems." Leveson, Nancy, Nicolas Dulac, Karen Marais, and John S. Carroll (2009). Organization Studies, 30(2-3): 91-114 (2009)

"The dynamics of action-oriented problem solving: Linking interpretation and choice." Rudolph, Jenny W., J. Bradley Morrison, and John S. Carroll (2009). Academy of Management Review, 34(4): 733-756. (2009)

"Differences in Safety Climate Among Hospital Anesthesia Departments and the Effect of a Realistic Simulation-Based Training Program." Cooper, J. B., et al. (2008). Anesthesia and Analgesia, 106: 574-584. (2008)

"Collaborating for systemic change." Senge, Peter M., Benyamin B. Lichtenstein, Katrin Kaeufer, Hilary Bradbury, and John S. Carroll (January 2007). MIT Sloan Management Review, 48(2): 44-53.

"Tilting the Culture in Health Care: Using Cultural Strengths to Transform Organizations." ​Carroll, John S., and M. A. Quijada. In Carayon, P. (ed.), Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Healthcare and Patient Safety. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2007, 823-32.

"Enhancing patient safety through organizational learning: Are PSIs a step in the right direction?" Rivard, Peter E., Amy K. Rosen, and John S. Carroll (August 2006). Health Services Research, 41(4 pt 2): 1633-1653.

"Design of high reliability organizations in health care." Carroll, John S., and Jenny W. Rudolph (2006). Quality and Safety in Health Care, 15(Supplement): i4-i9. (2006)

"Naturalistic decision making and organizational decision making: Exploring the intersections." Lipshitz, Raanan, Gary Klein, and John S. Carroll (2006). Organization Studies, 27(7): 917-923. (2006)

"Naturalistic decision making and organizational learning in nuclear power plants: Negotiating meaning between managers and problem investigation teams."  Carroll, John S., Sachi Hatakenaka, and Jenny W. Rudolph (2006). Organization Studies, 27(7): 1037-1057 (2006)

"A Method for Measuring the Effectiveness of Simulation-Based Team Training for Improving Communication Skills." Blum, Richard H., Daniel B. Raemer, John S. Carroll, Ronald L. Dufresne, and Jeffrey B. Cooper (2005). Anesthesia and Analgesia, 100: 1375-1380. (2005)

"Systems Approaches to Safety: NASA and the Space Shuttle Disasters." Leveson, Nancy, Joel Cutcher-Gershenfeld, John S. Carroll, Betty Barrett, Alexander Brown, Nicolas Dulac, Lydia Fraile, and Karen Marais. In Starbuck, William, and Moshe Farjoun (eds), Organization at the Limit: NASA and the Columbia Disaster. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2005, 269-288.

"Crisis resource management training for an anaesthesia faculty: A new approach to continuing education." Blum, Richard H., Daniel B. Raemer, John S. Carroll, Neelakantan Sunder, David M. Felstein, and Jeffrey B. Cooper (2004). Medical Education, 38(1): 45-55. (2004)

"Knowledge Management in High-Hazard Industries: Accident Precursors as Practice." Carroll, John S. In Phimister, J. R., V. M. Bier, and H. C. Kunreuther (eds.), Accident Precursor Analysis and Management: Reducing Technological Risk Through Diligence. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2004.

"Redirecting Traditional Professional Values to Support Safety: Changing Organizational Culture in Health Care." Carroll, John S., and M. A. Quijada (2004). Quality and Safety in Health Care, 13(Suppl 2): ii16-ii21. (2004)

"Redundancy as a Design Principle and an Operating Principle: Commentary on Scott Sagan’s 'The Problem of Redundancy Problem.'" Carroll, John S. (2004). Risk Management, 24: 927-8. (2004)

"The probe methodology for measurement of team information sharing in the simulated environment." ​Blum, R. H., D. B. Raemer, John S. Carroll, R. L. Dufresne, and J. B. Cooper. Presented at International Meeting on Medical Simulation, San Diego, CA: January 2003, Anesthesia and Analgesia, 2003, 97(2S): S10

"Learning From Organizational Experience." ​Carroll, John S., Jenny W. Rudolph, and Sachi Hatakenaka. In Easterby-Smith, M., and M. A. Lyles (eds.), Handbook of Organizational Learning and Knowledge. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2003.

"Review of Management Research: An Introduction (2nd ed.), by Easterby Smith, M., and R. Thorpe, & A. Lowe." Carroll, John S. (2003).. Management Learning, 34(2): 262-266. (2003)

"Lessons learned from non-medical industries: Root cause analysis as culture change at a chemical plant." ​Carroll, John S., Jenny W. Rudolph, and Sachi Hatakenaka (September 2002). Quality and Safety in Health Care, 11(3): 266-269.​

Decision Making: Social and Creative Dimensions, Allwood, C. M., and M. Selart (eds.). Carroll, John S. (2002). Administrative Science Quarterly, 47: 575-577. (2002)

"Leading organizational learning in health care." ​Carroll, John S., and Amy C. Edmondson (2002). Quality and Safety in Health Care, 11: 51-56. (2002)

"Learning from experience in high-hazard organizations." ​Carroll, John S., Jenny W. Rudolph, and Sachi Hatakenaka (2002). Research in Organizational Behavior, 24: 87-137. (2002)

"The Difficult Hand-over from Incident Investigation to Implementation: A Challenge for Organizational Learning." ​Carroll, John S., Jenny W. Rudolph, and Sochi Hatakenaka. In Wilpert, B., and B. Fahlbruch (eds.), System Safety: Challenges and Pitfalls of Intervention. Boston: Pergamon, 189-206, 2002.

"Developing a safety conscious work environment at Millstone Nuclear Power Station." Carroll, John S., and Sachi Hatakenaka. In Wilpert, B., and N. Itoigawa (eds.), Safety Culture in Nuclear Power Operations. New York: Taylor & Francis, 2001, 212-234.

"Driving organizational change in the midst of crisis." ​Carroll, John S., and Sachi Hatakenaka (2001). Sloan Management Review, 42: 70-79. (2001)

"Learning in the Context of Incident Investigation Team Diagnoses and Organizational Decisions at Four Nuclear Power Plants." ​Carroll, John S., J. W. Rudolph, S. Hatakenaka, T. L. Wiederhold, and M. Boldrini. In Salas, E., and G. Klein (eds.), Linking Expertise and Naturalistic Decision Making.  Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2001, 349-365.

“Social Science Research Methods for Assessing Societal Implications of Nanotechnology.” Carroll, John S. In Roco, M. C., and W. S. Bainbridge (eds.), Societal Implications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: NSET Workshop Report. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2001.

"Commentary on N. Levina 'Sharing Knowledge in Heterogeneous Environments.'" Carroll, John S., and K. Ayas (2000). Reflections, 2(2): 40-42. (2000)

"Description of a new RRC and ABA approved simulation elective, and resident attitudes towards expanded simulation training." ​Small, S. D., P. Barach, D. Raemer, John S. Carroll, and R. Simon (1999). Anesthesiology, 91(3A): A1150. (1999)

"Playing the Maintenance Game: How Mental Models Drive Organizational Decisions." Carroll, John S., John D. Sterman and Alfred A. Marcus. In Debating Rationality: Nonrational Aspects of Organizational Decision Making, edited by Jennifer J. Halpern and Robert C. Stern, 99-121. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998. 

"Organizational learning activities in high-hazard industries: The logics underlying self-analysis." Carroll, John S. (1998). Journal of Management Studies, 35: 699-717. (1998)

"Playing the Maintenance Game: How Mental Models Drive Organizational Decisions." Carroll, John S., John Sterman, and A.A. Marcus. In Halpern, J. J., and R. N. Stern (eds.), Debating Rationality: Nonrational Aspects of Organizational Decision Making. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University ILR Press, 1998.

"Safety culture as an ongoing process: Culture surveys as opportunities for enquiry and change." Carroll, John S. (1998). Work and Stress, 12(3): 272-284. (1998)

"Incident reviews in high-hazard industries: Sensemaking and learning under ambiguity and accountability." Carroll, John S. (1995). Industrial and Environmental Crisis Quarterly, 9: 175-197 (1995)

"How Expectations About Microcomputers Influence Their Organizational Consequences." Carroll, John S., and Constance Perin. In Allen, T.J., and M. S. Scott Morton (eds.). Information Technology and the Corporation of the 1990s. New York: Oxford, 1994.

"Managing and Organizing for Safety in Nuclear Power Plants: How Plants Fail to Discover and Fix Problems." Carroll, John S. Proceedings of the Second World Congress on Safety Science. Budapest: Meeting Budapest Organizer Ltd., 1994, 209-220.

Review of A Primer on Decision Making: How Decisions Happen by March, J. G. New York: Free Press, 1994. Carroll, John S. Sloan Management Review, 36: 115-116.

"The organizational context for decision making in high-hazard industries." Carroll, John S. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 1994 Annual Meeting.

"Understanding Judges' Sentencing Decisions: Attributions of Responsibility and Story Construction." Lurigio, Arthur J., John S. Carroll, and Loretta J. Stalans. In Heath, L. et al. (eds.), Applications of Heuristics and Biases to Social Issues. New York: Plenum, 1994.

"Out of the Lab and Into the Field: Decision Making in Organizations." Carroll, John S. In Murnighan, K. (ed.), Social Psychology in Organizations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993.

"Analyzing cognitive errors using a dynamic crew-simulation model." Dang, Vinh N., Y. Huang, Nathaniel O. Siu, and John S. Carroll. Proceedings of the IEEE Fifth Conference on Human Factors and Power Plants, Monterey, CA: June, 1992.

"Decision making: "Neat" or "Messy"?" Review of Yates, J. F. Judgment and Decision Making. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1990. Caroll, John S. Contemporary Psychology, 37: 1253-1254. (1992)

"How Taxpayers Think About Their Taxes: Frames and Values." Carroll, John S. In Slemrod, J. (ed.), Why People Pay Taxes: Tax Compliance and Enforcement. Ann Arbor, MI: U. Michigan, 1992.

"Mental models and learning from experience in nuclear power plants." Carroll, John S. (1992). Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 65: 513-4. (1992)

"Review of Negotiating Rationally" by M. Bazerman & M. Neale. Carroll, John S. (1992). Sloan Management Review, 33(4): 91-2. (1992)

"Taxation: Compliance with Federal Personal Income Tax Laws." Carroll, John S. In Kagehiro, D.K., and W. S. Laufer (eds.), Handbook of Psychology and Law. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1992.

"An Evaluation of Learning in the Bilateral Winner's Curse." Ball, Sheryl B., Max H. Bazerman, and John S. Carroll (1991). Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 48(1): 1-22. (1991)

"An Information Processing Approach to Two Party Negotiation." ​Carroll, John S., and John W. Payne. In Bazerman, M. H., R. J. Lewicki, & B. H. Sheppard (eds.), Handbook of Negotiation Research: Research on Negotiation in Organizations, Vol. 3. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1991

"Consent to mental health treatment: A theoretical analysis of coercion, freedom and control." Carroll, John S. (1991). Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 9(2): 129-142. (1991)

"Modeling control room crews in accident sequence analysis." Huang, Yuhao, Nathan O. Siu, David D. Lanning, and John S. Carroll (1991). SMiRT Transactions, 13-18. (1991)

"On the Effectiveness of Voir Dire in Criminal Cases With Prejudicial Pretrial Publicity: An Empirical Study." Kerr, Norbert L., Geoffrey P. Kramer, John S. Carroll, and James J. Alfini (1991). American University Law Review, 40: 665-701. (1991)

"Process-tracing Techniques in Legal Psychology." Carroll, John S. In Hommers, W. (ed.), Perspectives in Legal Psychology. Gottingen, FRG: Hogrefe, 1991.

"Pretrial publicity, judicial remedies, and jury bias." Kramer, Geoffrey P., Norbert L. Kerr, and John S. Carroll (October 1990). Law and Human Behavior, 14(5): 409-438.

"Evaluation and prediction in expert parole decisions." Carroll, John S., and Pamela A. Burke (September 1990). Criminal Justice and Behavior, 17(3): 315-332.

Applied Social Psychology and Organizational Settings. Carroll, John S. (ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1990.​

Decision Research: A Field Guide. Carroll, John S., and Johnson, Eric J. Newbury Park: CA: Sage, 1990.

"Nature and Importance of Fairness." Carroll, John S. In The Impact of the Tax Reform Act of 1986: Did It Improve Fairness and Simplicity? Report of the 1989 Research Conference. Washington, D. C.: Internal Revenue Service, 1990.​

"Tactical behavior and negotiation outcomes." Weingart, Laurie R., Leigh L. Thompson, Max H. Bazerman, and John S. Carroll (1990). The International Journal of Conflict Management, 1(1): 7-32. (1990)

"A Cognitive-Process Analysis of Taxpayer Compliance." Carroll, John S. In Scholz, J.T., and J. A. Roth (eds.), Taxpayer Compliance, Vol. 2: Social Science Perspectives. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1989.

"Tax Law Changes and Taxpayer Decision Making." Carroll, John S. In Change and Complexity as Barriers to Taxpayer Compliance. Report of the 1988 Frank M. Malanga Memorial Research Conference. Washington, D. C.: Internal Revenue Service, 1989.

"Zuschreibung von Verantwortung und Rekonstruktion von Sachverhalten in der Strafzumessung (Attributions of Responsibility and Story Construction in Sentencing)." Carroll, John S. In Pfeiffer, C., and M. Oswald (eds.) Strafzumessung: Empirische Forschung und Strafrechtsdogmatik im Dialog. Stuttgart, FRG: Ferdinand Enke Verlag, 1989.

"Negotiation cognition: A descriptive approach to negotiators' understanding of their opponents." Carroll, John S., Max Bazerman, and Robin Maury (June 1988). Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 41(3): 352-370.

"Compliance with the Law: A decision making approach to taxpaying." Carroll, John S. (December 1987). Law and Human Behavior, 11(4): 319-335.

"Negotiator cognition." Bazerman, Max, and John S. Carroll. In Cummings, L.L., and B.M. Staw (eds.), Research in Organizational Behavior, Vol. IX. Greenwich, CT:  JAI Press, 1987.

"Sentencing goals, causal attributions, ideology, and personality." ​Carroll, John S., W.T. Perkowitz, Arthur J. Lurigio, and Frances M. Weaver (1987). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(1): 107-118. (1987)

"Crime perceptions in a natural setting by expert and novice shoplifters." Weaver, Frances M., and John S. Carroll (December 1986). Social Psychology Quarterly, 48(4): 349-359.

"Free press and fair trial: The role of behavioral research." Carroll, John S., Norbert L. Kerr, James J. Alfini, Frances M. Weaver, Robert J. MacCoun, and Valerie Feldman (September 1986). Law and Human Behavior, 10(3): 187-202.

"Shoplifters' perceptions of crime opportunities: A process-tracing study." ​Carroll, John S., and Frances M. Weaver. In Cornish, D., and R. Clarke (eds.), The Reasoning Criminal. New York:  Springer-Verlag, 1986.

"Probation officers' schemas of offenders: Content, development, and impact on treatment decisions." Lurigio, Arthur J., and John S. Carroll (1985). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48: 1112-1126. (1985)

"Sentencing guidelines." Galegher, Jolene, and John S. Carroll. In Ewing, C.P. (ed.), Psychology, Psychiatry and the Law: A Clinical and Forensic Handbook.  Sarasota, FL:  Professional Resource Exchange, 1985.

"Similarity and attraction in homosexual males: The effects of age and masculinity-femininity." Boyden, Tom, John S. Carroll, and Richard A. Maier (June 1984). Sex Roles, 10(11-12): 937-946.

"Conditional release on probation and parole: Implications for provision of mental health services." Carroll, John S., and Arthur J. Lurigio (1984). In Teplin, L. (ed.), Mental Health and Criminal Justice. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, 1984.

"Voluntary sentencing guidelines: Prescription for justice or patent medicine?" Galegher, Jolene, and John S. Carroll (December 1983). Law and Human Behavior, 7(4): 361-400.

"Attribution theory." Carroll, John S., and Irene H. Frieze. In Perlman D. and C. Cozby (eds.),  Social Psychology.  Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1982.

"Attributional dimensions and schemes in expert parole decisions." Carroll, John S., Jolene Galegher, and Richard L. Wiener (1982). Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 3: 187-201.​ (1982)

"Evaluation, diagnosis, and prediction in parole decisionmaking." Carroll, John S., Richard L. Wiener, Dan Coates, Jolene Galegher, and James J. Alibrio (1982). Law and Society Review, 17(1): 199-228. (1982)

Foundations of Information Integration Theory (1982)

"Internships and practical as components of Social Psychology graduate training programs." Carroll, John S., C.M. Werner, and R.D Ashmore (1982). Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 8: 348-356. (1982)

Review of 'Foundations of Information Integration Theory' by Anderson, N.H. Carroll, John S., American Journal of Psychology, 95: 708-711. (1982)

"Social cognition in court and beyond." Carroll, John S., and Richard L. Wiener. In Hastorf, A., and A. Isen (eds.), Cognitive Social Psychology. Elsevier, 1982.

"What Is This Thing Called Applied Social Psychology?" Review of Stephenson and Davis (eds.) Progress in Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 1. Carroll, John S., Contemporary Psychology, 27: 772-773. (1982)

"Committing a crime: The offender's decision." Carroll, John S. In Konecni, V.J., and E.B. Ebbesen (eds.), Social-Psychological Analysis of Legal Processes.  San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1981.

"Sentencing by parole board: The parole revocation decision." ​Carroll, John S. and Ruback, B. In Sales, B.D. (ed.), Perspectives in Law and Psychology Vol. II: The Jury, Trial, and Judicial Processes.  New York: Plenum, 1981.

"An appetizing look at law and psychology." Review of Abt & Stuart (eds.), Social Psychology and Discretionary Law.  Carroll, John S., Contemporary Psychology, 25: 362-363. (1980)

"Analyzing decision behavior: The magician's audience." Carroll, John S. In Wallsten, T.S. (ed.), Cognitive Processes in Choice and Decision Behavior.  Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1980.

"Judgments of recidivism risk: Can clinical strategies employ base-rate information?" Carroll, John S. In Lipsett, P.D., and B.D. Sales (eds.), New Directions in Psychological Research. New York:  Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1980.​

"Parole decisions: Social psychological research in applied settings." Carroll, John S., and Coates, D. In Bickman, L.B. (ed.), Applied Social Psychology Annual, Vol. 1.  Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, 1980.

"Phase I Assessment of Shoplifting and Employee Theft Programs:  Field Feasibility Assessment of New Measurement Strategies." Rosenbaum, D.P., T.L. Baumer, L. Bickman, M.R. Kedel, J.S. Carroll, and W.T. Perkowitz. Report to the National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, 1980.

"The organization of knowledge about people and their attributes in long-term memory." Herstein, J.A., John S. Carroll, and J.R. Hayes (1980). Representative Research in Social psychology, 11: 17-37. (1980)

"Assessing the application of attribution theory to social problems." Carroll, John S., and Irene H. Frieze. In Frieze, Irene H., Daniel Bar-Tal, and John S. Carroll (eds.), New Approaches to Social Problems: Applications of Attribution Theory.  San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1979.

"Judgments made by parole boards." Carroll, John S. In Frieze, Irene H., Daniel Bar-Tal, and John S. Carroll (eds.), New Approaches to Social Problems: Applications of Attribution Theory. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1979.​

New Approaches to Social Problems:  Applications of Attribution Theory. Frieze, Irene H., Daniel Bar-Tal, and John S. Carroll (eds.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1979.  

"A psychological approach to deterrence: The evaluation of crime opportunities." Carroll, John S. (1978). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36(12): 1512-1520.                            (1978)

"Causal attributions in expert parole decisions." Carroll, John S. (December 1978). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36(12): 1501-1511.

"Exploring predecisional behavior: An alternative approach to decision research." Payne, John W., Myron L. Braunstein, and John S. Carroll (August 1978). Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 22(1): 17-44.

"The effect of imagining an event on expectations for the event: An interpretation in terms of the availability heuristic." Carroll, John S. (1978). Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 14(1): 88-96. (1978)

"Causal theories of crime and their effect upon expert parole decisions." Carroll, John S. (1978). Law and Human Behavior, 2(4): 377-388. (1978)

"Crime seriousness, recidivism risk, and causal attributions in judgments of prison term by students and experts." Carroll, John S., and John W. Payne (1977)  Journal of Applied Psychology, 62(5): 595-602. (1977)

"Judgments about crime and the criminal: A model and a method for investigating parole decisions." Carroll, John S., and John W. Payne. In Sales, B. (ed.), Perspectives in Law and Psychology, Vol. I: Criminal Justice System. New York: Plenum, 1977.

"Judgments of recidivism risk: Conflicts between clinical strategies and base-rate information." Carroll, John S. (1977). Law and Human Behavior, 1(2): 191-198. (1977)

"Strategies for the use of base-rate information." Carroll, John S., and Robert S. Siegler (1977). Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 19(2): 392-402. (1977)

Cognition and Social Behavior. Carroll, John S., and Payne, John W. (eds.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1976.

The Psychology Of The Parole Decision Process. Carroll, John S., and Payne, John S. In Carroll, John S., and John W. Payne (eds.), Cognition and Social Behavior. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1976.

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