Eric von Hippel

T. Wilson (1953) Professor in Management
Professor of Management of Innovation and Engineering Systems

Biography | Selected Publications

“Impacts of Hedonic and Utilitarian Motives on the Novelty and Utility of User-Developed Innovations.” Journal of Product Innovation Management, forthcoming

“Market failure in the diffusion of consumer-developed innovations: Patterns in Finland,” de Jong, Jeroen P.J., Eric von Hippel, Fred Gault, Jari Kuusisto, and Christina Raasch. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper (2014)

“The user innovation paradigm: impacts on markets and welfare,” Gambardella, Alfonso, Christina Raasch, and Eric von Hippel. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper (2014)

"User community vs. producer innovation development efficiency: A first empirical study,” Hienerth, Christoph, Eric von Hippel, and Morten Berg Jensen. Research Policy 43 p. 190-201 (2014)

Protecting the Right to Innovate: Our 'Innovation Wetlands.' Torrance, A. W. and E. A. von Hippel, (October 9, 2013)

“Boredom Spurs Innovation,” Dubbs, Sheli, Lydia E. Hayward, Eric von Hippel (MIT), and William von Hippel. University of Queensland working paper. (2013)

"Consumer Innovation in Finland: Incidence, diffusion and policy implications," Kuusisto, Jari, Jeroen P. J. de Jong, Fred Gault, Christina Raasch, and Eric von Hippel. Proceedings of the University of Vaasa, Finland. Reports (2013)

“Identifying viable ‘need-solution pairs’: Problem solving without problem formulation,” von Hippel, Eric, and Georg von Krogh. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper. (2013)

“Innovation process benefits: The journey as reward,” Raasch, Christina and Eric von Hippel. Sloan Management Review (Fall) pp 33-39 (2013)

“Market failure in the diffusion of user innovations: The case of “off-label” innovations by medical clinicians,” von Hippel, Eric and Harold Demonaco. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper (2013)

“User Generated Brands and their Contribution to the Diffusion of User Innovations,” Füller, Johann, Roland Schroll, and Eric von Hippel. Research Policy 42, pp. 1197-1209 (2013)

“User Innovation: Business and Consumers,” De Jong, Jeroen, P. J., and Eric von Hippel. Chapter 5 in Fred Gault, Ed., Handbook on Innovation Indicators and Measurement. Edward Elgar Publishing (2013)

"Comparing business and household sector innovation in consumer products: Findings from a representative survey in the UK,” von Hippel, Eric, Jeroen P.J. de Jong, and Stephen Flowers. Management Science, Vol. 58, No. 9, (September), pp. 1669–1681 (2012)

“Modeling interactions between the user and producer innovation paradigms: User-contested and user-complemented markets for innovation,” Raasch, Christiana, and Eric von Hippel. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper. (2012)

“Modeling interactions between the user and producer innovation paradigms: User-contested and user-complemented markets for innovation,” Raasch, Christiana, and Eric von Hippel. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper. () (2012)

“The role of lead users in innovation,” von Hippel, Eric, in David Teece and Mie Augier, Eds, Palgrave Encyclopedia of Strategic Management, Palgrave Macmillan Ltd, UK. (2012)

Innovation as Consumption: Analysis of Consumers’ Innovation Efficiency (2011)

User Generated Brands and their Contribution to the Diffusion of User Innovations (2011)

“Brands as User Generated Content: Evidence and Implications.” Füller, Johann, Roland Schroll, and Eric von Hippel. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper (January). (2011)

“The Age of the Consumer-Innovator,” von Hippel, Eric, Susumu Ogawa, and Jeroen P. J. de Jong. Sloan Management Review (Fall) vol. 53 Nr 1 pp. 27-35. (2011)

“Modeling a Paradigm Shift: From Producer Innovation to User and Open Collaborative Innovation,” Baldwin, Carliss Y. and Eric von Hippel. Organization Science, Vol. 22, No. 6, November–December, pp. 1399–1417 (2011)

“Open innovation and the private-collective model for innovation incentives,” von Hippel, Eric, and Georg von Krogh. Chapter 9 in Rochelle C. Dreyfuss and Katherine Strandburg, Eds. The Law And Theory Of Trade Secrecy: A Handbook of Contemporary Research. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK. (2011)

“Users as Service Innovators: The Case of Banking Services,” Oliveira, Pedro and Eric von Hippel. Research Policy, vol. 40, Nr 6, pp. 806-818 (2011)

Comparing Business and Household Sector Innovation in Consumer Products: Findings from a Representative Study in the UK (2010)

“Measuring user innovation in the UK: The importance of product creation by users,” Flowers, Steven, Eric von Hippel, Jeroen de Jong, and Tanja Sinozic. Research report, (April) NESTA, London, UK. (2010)

“Users as Sources of Invention,” von Hippel, Eric, in Handbook of Economics of Technological Change, Volume 1. Bronwyn H. Hall and Nathan Rosenberg, eds, Elsevier B.V. Press. (2010)

“Transfers of user process innovations to process equipment producers: A study of Dutch high-tech firms,” de Jong, Jeroen P. J., and Eric von Hippel. Research Policy (September) Vol 38, No 7 pp 1181-1191 (2009)

““Pyramiding”: Efficient Identification of Rare Subjects,” von Hippel, Eric, Nikolaus Franke, and Reinhard Prügl. Research Policy No. 38, pp 1397-1406. (2009)

“Adapting policy to user-centered innovation,” von Hippel, Eric. Chapter 23 in Dominique Foray, ed. The New Economics of Technology Policy Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 327-336 (2009)

“Democratizing Innovation: The Evolving Phenomenon of User Innovation,” von Hippel, Eric. International Journal of Innovation Science No. 1, Vol 1 pp. 29-40. (2009)

Measuring User Innovation in Dutch High Tech SMEs: Frequency, Nature and Transfer to Producers (2009)

Modeling a Paradigm Shift: From Producer Innovation to User and Open Collaborative Innovation (2009)

Open Source Software and the “Private-Collective" Innovation Model: Issues for Organization Science (2009)

Profiting from voluntary information spillovers: How users benefit by freely revealing their innovations (2009)

“The major shift towards user-centered innovation: Implications for China’s innovation policymaking,” Von Hippel, Eric and Chen Jin. Journal of Knowledge-based Innovation in China (January) Vol 1, No. 1 pp.16-27 (2009)

“The prevalence of user innovation and free innovation transfers: Implications for statistical indicators and innovation policy,” Gault, Fred and Eric von Hippel. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper #4722-09 (January) (2009)

Users as Service Innovators: The Case of Banking Services (2009)

“Costless Creation of Strong Brands by User Communities: Implications for Producer-Owned Brands,” Füller, Johann and Eric von Hippel. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper 4718-08 (September) (2008)

"Norms-based intellectual property systems: The case of French Chefs,” Fauchart, Emmanuelle and Eric von Hippel. Organization Science Vol. 19, No. 2, March–April pp. 187–201 (2008)

“Pyramiding": Efficient identification of rare subjects (2008)

“User Innovation and Hacking,” Von Hippel, Eric and Joseph Paradiso. Pervasive Computing IEEE CS Vol 7 No. 3 (July-September) pp 66-69. (2008)

“Democratizing Innovation: The Evolving Phenomenon of User Innovation,” Von Hippel, Eric. Chapter 8 in Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators in a Changing World: Responding to Policy Needs, OECD, pp 125-138. (2007)

“Horizontal innovation networks – by and for users," Von Hippel, Eric. Industrial and Corporate Change,16:2 (2007)

“How user innovations become commercial products: a theoretical investigation and case study,” Baldwin, Carliss Y., Christoph Hienerth and Eric von Hippel. Research Policy, Vol 35 No. 9 (November) pp. 1291-1313 (2006)

“Finding Commercially Attractive User Innovations: A Test of Lead-User Theory,” Franke, Nikolaus, Eric von Hippel and Martin Schreier. Journal of Product Innovation Management Vol 23 pp. 301-315. (2006)

Free Revealing and the Private-Collective Model for Innovation Incentives (2006)

“Free Revealing and the Private-Collective Model for Innovation Incentives,” Von Hippel, Eric and Georg von Krogh. R&D Management vol 36, No. 3, pp. 291-302. (2006)

How user innovations become commercial products: a theoretical investigation and case study (2006)

"Reducing medical costs and increasing quality via toolkits for patient self-management,” Demonaco, Harold and Eric von Hippel. PLoS Med 4(4): e104. (2006)

“The High Promise of Research on Open Source Software,” Von Krogh, Georg and Eric von Hippel. Management Science vol 52, No. 7 (July) pp. 975-983. (2006)

The High Promise of Research on Open Source Software (2006)

The Major Role of Clinicians in the Discovery of Off-Label Drug Therapies (2006)

“The Major Role of Clinicians in the Discovery of Off-Label Drug Therapies,” Demonaco, Harold, Ayfer Ali and Eric von Hippel. Pharmacotherapy Vol 26, No. 3, pp 323-332. (2006)

"The best way to innovate? Let lead users do it for you,” Von Hippel, Eric. Inc Magazine, September (2005)

Democratizing Innovation, von Hippel, Eric. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. (2005)

“Democratizing Innovation: The evolving phenomenon of user innovation,” von Hippel, Eric. Journal für Betriebswirtschaft (January) 55: pp. 63-78 (2005)

“Welfare Implications of User Innovation,” Henkel, Joachim and Eric von Hippel. Journal of Technology Transfer Vol 30 Nos. 1-2 (January) Pages 73-87. (2005)

"Open source software projects as user innovation networks - no manufacturer required," von Hippel, Eric, in Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software, edited by J. Feller, B. Fitzgerald, S. Hissam, and K. Lakhani. Cambridge: MIT Press. (2005)

“User-innovators and “local” information: The case of mountain biking,” Lüthje, Christian, Cornelius Herstatt, and Eric von Hippel. Research Policy, Vol 34, No. 6 (August) pp. 951-965. (2005)

“U.S. Supreme Court Amici Curiae Brief of Innovation Scholars In Support of Affirmation In The Case of Metro-Goldwyn Mayer Studios, Inc. et al., Petitioners, vs Grokster, Ltd., et al., Respondents” No. 04-480, Hessler, Curt, Eric von Hippel and James Bessen. (March) (2004)

“Profiting from voluntary information spillovers: How users benefit from freely revealing their innovations,” Harhoff, Dietmar, Joachim Henkel and Eric von Hippel. Research Policy vol 32, No.10 (December) pp.1753-1769 (2003)

“Open Source Software: Introduction to a Special Issue of Research Policy,” Von Krogh, Georg and Eric von Hippel. Research Policy Vol 32, No. 7, (July) pp. 1149-57. (2003)

“Satisfying Heterogeneous User Needs via Innovation Toolkits: The Case of Apache Security Software” Franke, Nikolaus and Eric von Hippel. Research Policy Vol 32, No. 7, (July) pp.1199-1215. (2003)

“How Open Source Software Works: “Free” User-to-User Assistance,” Lakhani, Karim and Eric von Hippel. Research Policy Vol 32 No. 6 , (June) Pages 923-943 (2003)

“Open Source Software and the “Private-Collective” Innovation Model: Issues for Organization Science,” von Hippel, Eric and Georg von Krogh. Organization Science 14 (2)208-223. (2003)

“Performance Assessment of the Lead User Idea Generation Process,” Lilien, Gary L., Pamela D. Morrison, Kathleen Searls, Mary Sonnack, Eric von Hippel. Management Science, Vol 48, No 8 (August) pp. 1042-1059. (2002)

"Shifting Innovation to Users Via Toolkits," Management Science, Vol 48, No. 7 (July) pp 821-833. (2002)

"Customers as Innovators: A New Way to Create Value," Thomke, Stefan and Eric von Hippel. Harvard Business Review, Vol 80 No. 4 April pp 74-81. (2002)

Horizontal innovation networks - by and for users (2002)

“Innovation by User Communities: Learning from Open Source Software,” von Hippel, Eric. Sloan Management Review, July, 2001

“Perspective: User toolkits for innovation,” von Hippel, Eric, The Journal of Product Innovation Management, 18, pp 247-257. (2001)

“Determinants of User Innovation and Innovation Sharing in a Local Market,” Morrison, Pamela D., John H. Roberts and Eric von Hippel. Management Science, 46, 12 (December), pp1513-1527. (2000)

“Creating Breakthroughs at 3M,” von Hippel, Eric, Stephan Thomke and Mary Sonnack. Harvard Business Review 77, No.5 September-October, p. 47-57. (1999)

"Economics of Product Development by Users: The Impact of “Sticky” Local Information,” von Hippel, Eric. Management Science, vol 44, No. 5 (May) p. 629-644 (1998)

“Explorations of the Impact of “Sticky” Local Information on the Locus of Innovation – a Progress Report,” von Hippel, Eric, in N. Franke and C.-F. von Braun, editors, Innovationsforschung und Technologie-management: Konzepte, Strategien, Fallbeispiele, Springer. (1998)

“Modes of Experimentation: An Innovation Process – and Competitive – Variable,” Thomke, Stefan, Eric von Hippel and Roland Franke. Research Policy, Vol 27 p. 315-332 (1998)

"The Situated Nature of Adaptive Learning in Organizations," Tyre, Marcie and Eric von Hippel. Organization Science, vol 8, No 1 (January-February): 71-83 (1997)

"A Lead User Study of Electronic Home Banking Services: Lessons from the Learning Curve." von Hippel, Eric and William Riggs. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper # 3911-96 (June). (1996)

"The Mechanics of Learning by Doing: Problem Discovery During Process Machine Use." von Hippel, Eric and Marcie Tyre. Technology and Culture 37 no.2 (April) p. 312-329. (1996)

"'Managed' Informal Information Trading: The Oil Scout System in Oil Exploration Firms," von Hippel, Eric and Stephan Schrader. International Journal of Technology Management, Vol 11, Nos. 1&2 p.209-218. (1996)

"User Learning, 'Sticky Information', and User-Based Design," von Hippel, Eric. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper #3815-95 (May). (1995)

"How "Learning by Doing" is Done: Problem Identification in Novel Process Equipment." von Hippel, Eric and Marcie Tyre. Research Policy Vol 24, No.1 (January) p. 1-12. (1995)

"The Impact of Scientific and Commercial Values on the Sources of Scientific Instrument Innovation," Riggs, William and Eric von Hippel. Research Policy 23 (July): 459-469. (1994)

"Sticky Information" and the Locus of Problem Solving: Implications for Innovation," von Hippel, Eric. Management Science 40, no.4 (April): 429-439 (1994)

"Concurrent Market Research for New Product Development," von Hippel, Eric. Sloan School of Management Working Paper # 3576-93 BPS, June. (1993)

"The Creation of Needs for New Products and Services", von Hippel, Eric. Sloan School of Management Working Paper # 3374-92-BPS, January 1992. (1993)

"From Experience: Developing New Product Concepts Via the Lead User Method: A Case Study in a "Low Tech" Field," Herstatt, Cornelius, and Eric von Hippel. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 1992;9: 213-221.

"Predicting the Source of Commercially Valuable User Innovation Via "Lead Users", von Hippel, Eric, in Advances in Telecommunications Management, Edited by M. Saghafi and A. Gupta, JAI Press, Greenwich Connecticut (1990)

"Task Partitioning: An Innovation Process Variable," von Hippel, Eric. Research Policy 19, 407-418. (1990)

"New Product Ideas from 'Lead Users,'" von Hippel, Eric. Research Management, 32, No. 3 (May-June): 24-27. (1989)

"Lead User Analysis For the Development of New Industrial Products," Urban, Glen L.,  and Eric von Hippel.  Management Science, Vol. 34, No. 5, (May 1988), pp. 569-582.

The Sources of Innovation, von Hippel, Eric. (New York: Oxford University Press). (1988)

"Cooperation Between Rivals: Informal Know-How Trading," von Hippel, Eric. Research Policy 16: 291-302. (1987)

"Lead Users: A Source of Novel Product Concepts," von Hippel, Eric. Management Science 32, no. 7 (July):791-805. (1986)

"Tools for Thinking About the Sources of Innovation in Ceramics Materials and Processes," von Hippel, Eric. Proceedings of the American Ceramics Society, 88th Annual Meeting. (1986)

"Learning from Lead Users," von Hippel, Eric, in Marketing in an Electronic Age, ed. Robert D. Buzzell (Boston: Harvard Business School Press), 308-17. (1985)

"Testing the Correlation Between the Functional Locus of Innovation and Appropriable Innovation Benefit," MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper No. 1688-85, Cambridge, Mass. (August). (1985)

"Generation and Evaluation of Novel Product Concepts via Analysis of Experienced Users," von Hippel, Eric. Marketing Science Institute, Cambridge, Mass. (December). (1984)

Novel Product Concepts from Lead Users; Segmenting Users by Experience (Report 84-109). Cambridge, Mass.: Marketing Science Institute, 1984.

"Increasing Innovators' Returns from Innovation," von Hippel, Eric, in Research on Technological Innovation, Management and Policy, ed. Richard S. Rosenbloom, vol. 1 (Greenwich, Conn: JAI Press,), 35-53. (1983)

"Appropriability of Innovation Benefit as a Predictor of the Source of Innovation," von Hippel, Eric. Research Policy 11, no. 2 (April): 95-115. (1982)

"Get New Products from Customers," von Hippel, Eric, in The Management of Technological Innovation, ed. Alan M. Kantrow and Richard S. Rosenbloom (Boston: Harvard Business Review, 1982), 138-43.

"Get New Products from Customers," von Hippel, Eric. Harvard Business Review 60, no. 2 (March-April):117-22. (1982)

"Projecting the Impact of the 1976 Medical Device Amendments on Innovation in Clinical Chemistry Tests," Journal of Technology Transfer 5, no. 1 (Fall):1-9. (1980)

"The User's Role in Industrial Innovation." von Hippel, Eric. Chap. 3 in Management of Research and Innovation, eds. Burton V. Dean and Joel D. Goldhar, vol. 15 in TIMS Studies in the Management Sciences (Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company),  53-65. (1980)

"Reducing the Cost of Product Development by Recognizing - and Benefitting from - Customer R&D," von Hippel, Eric. PDMA 4, no. 2 (March). (1979)

"Analysis of Innovation in Automated Clinical Chemistry Analyzers," ​von Hippel, Eric  and Stan N. Finkelstein. Science & Public Policy 6, no. 1 (February):24-37. (1979)

"A Customer-Active Paradigm for Industrial Product Idea Generation," von Hippel, Eric, in Industrial Innovation: Technology, Policy, Diffusion, ed. Michael J. Baker (London: Macmillan), 82-110. (1979)

"A Customer-Active Paradigm for Industrial Product Idea Generation," von Hippel, Eric. Research Policy 7, no. 3 (July):240-66. (1978)

"Successful Industrial Products From Customer Ideas:  A Paradigm, Evidence and Implications," von Hippel, Eric. Journal of Marketing 42, no. 1 (January):39-49. (1978)

"Users as Innovators," ​von Hippel, Eric. Technology Review 80, no. 3 (January):31-39.   (1978)

"Transferring Process Equipment Innovations from User-Innovators to Equipment Manufacturing Firms,"  ​von Hippel, Eric. R&D Management  8, no. 1 (October):13-22. (1977)

"Successful and Failing Internal Corporate Ventures: An Empirical Analysis," von Hippel, Eric. Industrial Marketing Management 6, no. 3 (July):163-74. (1977)

"The Dominant Role of the User in Semiconductor and Electronic Subassembly Process Innovation," von Hippel, Eric. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management  EM-24, no. 2 (May):60-71.

 

(1977)

"Has a Customer Already Developed Your Next Product?," von Hippel, Eric. Sloan Management Review 18, no. 2 (Winter 1977): 73-74.  Reprinted in IEEE Engineering Management Review  6, no. 8 (September 1979): 5-16.

"The Dominant Role of Users in the Scientific Instrument Innovation Process," Research Policy  5, no. 3 (July):212-39. (1976)

An Exploratory Study of Corporate Venturing - A New Product Innovation Strategy Used by Some Major Corporations (Ph.D. Dissertation, Carnegie Mellon University, 1973) (Ann Arbor, Mich: University Microfilms).

View complete list of publications >>

 

Contact Information
Office: E62-464
Tel: (617) 253-7155
Fax: (617) 253-2660
Support Staff
Name: Stephanie Taverna
Tel: (617) 253-2676

Research Center(s)

General Expertise
Change management; High technology companies; Innovation; Management of technology; Managing change; Medical devices; Open source software; Patents; Research and development; Technological innovation; Technology strategy; Technology transfer