Thomas Kochan

George Maverick Bunker Professor of Management
Professor of Work and Employment Research and Engineering Systems
Co-Director, MIT Sloan Institute for Work and Employment Research

Biography | Selected Publications

“A Jobs Compact for America’s Future,” Harvard Business Review, forthcoming, March, 2012.

“Building a New Social Contract at Work: A Moral and Economic Imperative,” Journal of Catholic SocialThought, forthcoming, 9(1) 1-16, 2012.

“Rethinking and Reframing U.S. Policy on Worker Voice and Representation,” Kochan, Thomas, ABA Law Journal, forthcoming, 2012.

“Building a Sustainable Employment System in the U.S.: Lessons from the Financial Crisis,” Kochan, Thomas, Ryan Hammond, Korean Labor Institute Journal, 2011.

“Collective Bargaining for the 21st Century,” Kochan, Thomas, Susan Hayter and Tayo Fashoyin, Journal of Industrial Relations, 53(2) 225-47, 2011.

“The Long Haul Effects of Interest Arbitration: The Case of New York State’s Taylor Law.” Kochan, Thomas, David Lipsky, Mary Newman, and Alan Benson, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 2010, 63(4): 565-84.

“Special Research Forum—Public Policy and Management Research: Finding the Common Ground,” Kochan, Thomas, Larry Hunter, Mauro Guillen, Siobhan O’Mahoney, Academy of Management Journal, December 2009.

"Will Workers Share in the Economic Recovery,” A Review Essay, Work and Occupations, December2009. (2009)

“Contrasting Management and Employment Relations Strategies in European Airlines,” Journal ofIndustrial Relations, 51(5): 635-652, 2009.

“Balancing Acts: Dynamics of a Union Management Coalition in a Labor Management Partnership,” Kochan, Thomas, Adrienne Eaton, Saul Rubinstein, Industrial Relations, January 2008.

“Bargaining Theory Meets Interest Based Negotiations: A Case Study,” Kochan, Thomas, Robert McKersie,Theresa Sharpe, Adrienne Eaton, George Strauss, Marty Morgenstern, Industrial Relations, January 2008.

“The Potential and Precariousness of Partnership: The Case of the Kaiser Permanente LaborManagement Partnership,” Kochan, Thomas, Paul Adler, Adrienne Eaton, Paul Gerhart, Robert McKersie and Phyllis Segal, Industrial Relations, January 2008.

“Introduction to Symposium on the Kaiser Permanente Labor Management Partnership” Kochan, Thomas, Industrial Relations, January 2008:

"Up in the Air: How Airlines can Improve Performance by Engaging Their Employees." Kochan, Thomas, Greg Bamber,Jody Hoffer Gittell and Andrew von Nordenflycht, Cornell University Press, 2008.

Symposium on Restoring the American Dream. “Response” Labor History, 48(3): 365-70 August 2007.

“Collective Bargaining in the Twenty-First Century: A Negotiation Institution at Risk," Kochan, Thomas, Joel Cutcher Gershenfeld, Betty Barrett, John-Paul Ferguson, Negotiation Journal, July, 2007, 249-265

“Employer-Employee New Social Contracts: Fashioning a New Compact,” Academy of ManagementPerspectives, 21(2): 13-16, May, 2007.

“Wages and the Social Contact," The American Prospect, May 2007, A22-A23.

“Beyond Corporate Codes of Conduct: Work Organization and Labor Standards at Nike’s Suppliers” Richard Locke, Kochan, Thomas, Fei Qin, Monica Romis, International Labour Review, 146(1-2): 21-40, 2007.

“Updating American Labor Law: Taking Advantage of a Window of Opportunity,” Kochan, Thomas, Comparative LaborLaw and Policy Journal, 28(2): 101-24, Winter, 2007.

“Airborne distress: How can labor recover in the airline industry?" Kochan, Thomas, Andrew vonNordenflycht, Robert McKersie, Jody Hoffer Gittell, New Labor Forum, 14(2): 39-50, Summer 2005.

Managing for the Future: Organizational Behavior and Processes. South-Western College Publishing, 1996, 1999 (2nd Ed.), 2005 (3rd Ed.)

"Restoring the American Dream: A Working Families’ Agenda for America," Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,September 2005.

“Taking Stock: Collective Bargaining at the Turn of the Century,” Kochan, Thomas, Cutcher Gershenfeld, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 58(1): 3-26, October, 2004.

“Mutual Gains or Zero Sum: Labor Relations and Firm Performance in the Airline Industry,” Kochan, Thomas, Jody Hoffer Gittell and Andrew von Nordenflycht, Industrial & Labor Relations Review, January, 2004.

“A Silver Anniversary not worth Celebrating: The Impasse over American Labor and EmploymentPolicies,” Comparative Labor Law and Policy Journal, 25, Fall, 2004.

“Collective Actors and Industrial Relations: Which Future?" Kochan, Thomas, The German Journal of Industrial Relations, 11, 2004.

“Education, Families, and Workplace Policies: Their Role in a Knowledge-Based Economy,” Kochan, Thomas, Challenge, 47(6): 69-81, Nov/Dec, 2004.

“Options for Rebuilding Airline Labor Relations,” Kochan, Thomas, Perspectives on Work, Winter 2004.

“Out of the Ashes: Building an Effective Labor Relations System in Airlines,” Kochan, Thomas, Robert McKersie, Jody Hoffer Gittell, Andrew von Nordenflycht, Perspectives on Work, Winter, 2004.

“Restoring Trust in the Human Resource Management Profession,” Kochan, Thomas, Journal of Industrial Relations, 2004.

"Unions in the 21st Century." Edited with Anil Verma. Toronto: Palgrave, 2004.

“Contract Negotiations in the Airline Industry,” Kochan, Thomas, Andrew von Nordenflycht, Monthly Labor Review, August, 2003

“Government Policies for a Knowledge Based Economy” Kochan, Thomas, Economic and Social Research Council, 2003.

Management: Inventing and Delivering It’s Future, edited with Richard L. Schmalensee, Cambridge, MA:MIT Press, 2003.

“Needed: American Leadership for a Global Work and Employment Policy,” Kochan, Thomas, Journal of IndustrialRelations, Winter, 2003.

“Restoring Trust in American Corporations: Root Causes,” Journal of Management and Governance,Summer, 2003.

“The Effects of Diversity on Business Performance: Report of the Diversity Research Network.” Thomas Kochan, Katerina Bezrukova, Robin Ely, Susan Jackson, Aparna Joshi, Karen Jehn, Jonathan Leonard, David Levine, David Thomas, Human Resource Management Journal, 42(1): 3–21, Spring 2003.

“The Future of British Unions: A Perspective from the U.S.” in Howard Gospel and Stephen Wood (eds)The Future of British Unions. London: Routledge 2003.

“Addressing the Crisis in Confidence in Corporations: Root Causes, Victims, and Strategies for Reform,” Kochan, Thomas, Academy of Management Executive, 16: 139-41, 2002.

“The Impact of Visible Diversity on Organizational Effectiveness: Disclosing the Contents in Pandora’sBlack Box,” Kochan, Thomas, Orlando C. Richard, Amy McMillan-Capehart, Journal of Business andManagement, 8(3): 265-291, Summer 2002.

“In Whose Interest? A First Look at National Survey Data on Interest-Based Bargaining in LaborRelations”, Kochan, Thomas, Joel Cutcher-Gershenfeld and John Calhoun Wells. Industrial Relations, 40: 1-21, January 2001.

"Integrating Work and Family Life: A Holistic Approach," (with Lotte Bailyn and Robert Drago). MIT SloanSchool of Management, 2001.

"Learning from Saturn: Possibilities for Corporate Governance and Employee Relations." Ithaca, NY:Cornell University Press, 2001.

"Working in America: Labor Market Institutions for the New Century." With Paul Osterman, Richard Locke and Michael Piore, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001.

“On the Paradigm Guiding Industrial Relations Theory and Research,” Kochan, Thomas, Industrial and Labor RelationsReview, 53: 704-11, July, 2000.

“An Agenda for the President,” Kochan, Thomas, Challenge, 5-14, 2000.

"Facilitating Conflict Resolution in Union-Management Relations: A Guide for Neutrals," with Richard Chaykowski, Joel-Cutcher-Gershenfeld and Christina Sickles Merchant, Ithaca: Cornell /Perc Institute onConflict Resolution, 2000.

“Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination Alternative Dispute Resolution Program Evaluation," Kochan, Thomas, Brenda Lautsch, Corinne Bendersky, Harvard Negotiations Law Review, 5: 233-78. Spring, 2000.

“Rebuilding the Social Contract at Work: A Call to Action” Proceedings of the Industrial RelationsResearch Association 52nd Annual Meetings, 1-25, 2000.

"The New Relationship: Human Capital in the American Corporation," edited with Margaret M. Blair,Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2000.

“Toward a Stakeholder Theory of the Firm: The Saturn Partnership,” Kochan, Thomas, Saul Rubinstein, OrganizationScience, 11: 367-86, July-August, 2000.

“How to Update Employment and Labor Policies for the 21st Century," Kochan, Thomas, Perspectives on Work, 3(2): 12-17, 1999.

“Reconstructing America’s Social Contract in Employment: The Role of Policy, Institutions, andPractices,” Kochan, Thomas, Chicago-Kent Law Review, 75(1): 137-52, 1999.

"The Changing Nature of Work: Implications for Occupational Analysis, Committee on Techniques for theEnhancement of Human Performance: Occupational Analysis," Washington: National Academy Press, 1999.

“How Do Labor and Management View Collective Bargaining?” Kochan, Thomas, Joel Cutcher-Gershenfeld, John Calhoun Wells, Monthly Labor Review, 121(10): 23-31, October 1998.

“Human Capital and the American Corporation,” Kochan, Thomas, Perspectives on Work, 2(1): 7-12, 1998.

“Labor Policy for the Twenty-First Century,” Kochan, Thomas, University of Pennsylvania Journal of Labor and EmploymentLaw, 1(1): 117-131, 1998.

"After Lean Production: Evolving Employment Practices in the World Auto Industry," T. Kochan, Russell D. Lansbury and John Paul MacDuffie, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.

“Changing Employment Relations and Governance in the International Auto Industry,” Kochan, Thomas, Russell D.Lansbury, The Journal of Management and Governance, (1)1: 85-102, 1997.

“Rebalancing the Role of Human Resources,” Kochan, Thomas, Human Resource Management Journal, 36(1): 121-127, 1997.

“A Grass-Roots Experiment to Resolve Workplace Problems,” Kochan, Thomas, Susan Eaton, Negotiation Journal, 12(2): 175-179, 1996.

"Launching a Renaissance in International Industrial Relations Research," Kochan, Thomas, Relations Industrielles, 51: 247-263, 1996.

"Managing for the Future: Organizational Behavior and Processes," with Deborah Ancona, Maureen Scully,John Van Maanen, and D. Eleanor Westney, Cincinnati: South-Western College Publishing, 1996.Second edition, 1999; Third edition, 2004.

“New Ideas on Resolving Workplace Disputes: Examples from the U.S. and Abroad,” Kochan, Thomas, Susan Eaton, Negotiation Journal, 12(2): 113-117, 1996.

“What Works at Work: Overview and Assessment,” Kochan, Thomas, Casey Ichniowski, David Levine, Craig Olson, George Strauss, Industrial Relations, 35: 299-333, 1996.

"Total Quality Management and Human Resource Systems: An International Comparison," Kochan, Thomas, Jody Hoffer Gittell, Brenda Lautsch, The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 201-222, May 1995.

"Do U.S. Firms Invest Less in Human Resources?: Training in the World Auto Industry," Kochan, Thomas, John PaulMacDuffie, Industrial Relations, 34: 147-168, 1995.

"Employment Relations in a Changing World Economy," edited with Richard Locke and Michael Piore,Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1995.

"Human Resource Management in Asian Economies," edited with Anil Verma and Russell Lansbury,London: Routledge, 1995.

"Reconceptualizing Comparative Industrial Relations: Lessons from International Research," Kochan, Thomas, Richard Locke, Michael Piore, International Labour Review, 134(2): 139-161, 1995.

"Using the Dunlop Report to Achieve Mutual Gains," Kochan, Thomas, Industrial Relations, 34: 350-366, 1995.

"Human Resource Strategies and Contingent Workers: The Case of Safety and Health in the Petrochemical Industry," Kochan, Thomas, Michael Smith, John Wells, James Rebitzer, Human Resource Management,33: 55-78, Spring 1994.

"Labor and Employment Policies for a Global Economy," Kochan, Thomas, Industrial Law Journal, South Africa, 15: 689-707, 1994.

"Recent Developments in U.S. Industrial Relations," Kochan, Thomas, Marc Weinstein, The British Journal of IndustrialRelations, 32: 483-504, December 1994.

"The Mutual Gains Enterprise," with Paul Osterman, Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1994.

"Toward a Mutual Gains Paradigm for Labor-Management Relations," Kochan, Thomas, Labor Law Journal, 454-464, August 1993.

"Canadian Labor Policy and Research at a Crossroads," Proceedings of the Canadian Industrial Relations Association, 1993.

"Managing Transformational Change: The Role of Human Resource Management Professionals," Kochan Thomas,Lee Dyer, The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 569-590, 1993.

"Trade Unionism and Industrial Relations: Notes on Theory and Practice for the 1990s," AnnualProceedings of the Industrial Relations Research Association, 185-195, 1993.

"An Introduction to Collective Bargaining and Industrial Relations," with Harry C. Katz and Alex Colvin, NewYork: McGraw Hill, 1992. Second Edition, 2000, Fourth edition, 2007.

"Bringing Research to the Classroom: The MIT Auto Case," Kochan, Thomas, Ben Whipple, MIT Management, 27-33, Winter, 1992.

"The Consequences of a Failed IR System: Contract Workers in the Petrochemical Industry," Kochan, Thomas, John C. Wells, Michal Smith, Sloan Management Review, 79-89, Summer 1992.

"The Management of Contract Workers and the Risks of Accidents: Evidence from the Petrochemical Industry," Kochan, Thomas, James Rebitzer, Annual Proceedings of the Industrial Relations Research Association,1992, 325-331. (1992)

"Transforming Organizations," edited with Michael Useem, New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

"Comparison of Changes in U.S. and Canadian Industrial Relations," Kochan, Thomas, Anil Verma, Labor Law Journal, August, 1990.

"Computer-Aided Monitoring: Its Influence on Employee Job Satisfaction and Turnover," Kochan, Thomas, John Chalykoff, Personnel Psychology, 42: 807-34, 1989.

"Future Directions for American Labor and Human Resources Policy," Relations Industrielles, Kochan, Thomas, Robert B. McKersie, 44: 224-244, 1989.

"Employment Security at DEC: Sustaining Values Amid Environmental Change," Kochan, Thomas, Paul Osterman, John Paul MacDuffie, Human Resource Management Journal, Fall 1988.

“Human Resources, Technology, and Economic Performance: Evidence from the Automobile Industry," Kochan, Thomas, John Paul MacDuffie, Annual Proceedings of the Industrial Relations Research Association, 159-171, 1988.

"Industrial Relations Agenda for Change: The Case of the United States," Kochan, Thomas, Kirsten Wever, Labour, 2(2): 21-56 1988.

"On the Human Side of Technology," Kochan, Thomas, ICL Technical Journal, 391-400, November 1988.

"The Adaptability of the U.S. Industrial Relations System," Kochan, Thomas, Science, 15: 287-292, April 1988.

"The Future of Worker Representation: An American Perspective," Kochan, Thomas, Labour and Society, 13: 184-201, April 1988.

"Industrial Relations and Productivity in the U.S. Automobile Industry," Kochan, Thomas, Harry Katz and Jeffrey Keefe, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 3: 685-715, 1987.

"Strategies for Sustaining Innovations in U.S. Industrial Relations," Kochan, Thomas, Journal of State Government, 60,January/February 1987, 30-35.

"Corporate Strategy, Workplace Innovation, and Union Members," Kochan, Thomas, Robert McKersie, John Chalykoff, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 39: 487-501, July 1986.

"The Transformation of American Industrial Relations," with Harry C. Katz and Robert B. McKersie, NewYork: Basic Books, 1986. Second edition, 1994.

"Assessing the Effects of Industrial Relations and Quality of Working Life Efforts on Organizational Effectiveness," Kochan, Thomas, Harry Katz, Mark Weber, Academy of Management Journal, 28, 509-527, 1985.

"Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations: Text, Readings and Cases," with Thomas A. Barocci, Boston: Little Brown, 1985.

"Challenges and Choices for American Labor," Kochan, Thomas, ed., Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1984.

"Strategic Choice and Industrial Relations Theory and Practice," Kochan, Thomas, Robert B. McKersie, Peter Cappelli, Industrial Relations, 27: 16-39, Winter 1984.

"Worker Participation and American Unions: Threat or Opportunity?," with Harry P. Katz and Nancy Mower,Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 1984.

"Collective Bargaining, Work Organization, Worker Participation: The Return to Plant Level Bargaining," Kochan, Thomas, Harry C. Katz, Labor Law Journal, 34: 524-529, August 1983.

"Collective Bargaining: Pressures for Change," Kochan, Thomas, Robert B. McKersie, Sloan Management Review, 24: 59-65, Summer 1983.

Industrial Relations Research in the 1970s: Review and Appraisal, Kochan, Thomas, Daniel J.B. Mitchell and Lee Dyer eds., Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Association, 1982.

"Collective Bargaining and Industrial Relations: From Theory to Policy and Practice," Kochan, Thomas, Harry C. Katz,Homewood: Irwin, 1980. Second edition, 1987.

"Dispute Resolution Under Factfinding and Arbitration: An Empirical Analysis," Kochan, Thomas, Mordechai Mironi,Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Jean Baderschneider, and Todd Jick, New York: American Arbitration Association,1978. (1978)

"Public Sector Labor Relations: Analysis and Readings," Kochan, Thomas, David Lewin, Peter Feuille and JohnDelaney, Thomas Horton and Daughters Publishers, 1977. Second edition, 1981. Third editionpublished by Lexington Books, 1987.

"The Effectiveness of Union-Management Safety Committees," Kochan, Thomas, Lee Dyer and David Lipsky, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 1977.

"Resolving Management Conflict for Labor Negotiations," Chicago: International Personnel ManagementAssociation, 1973.

"City Employee Bargaining with a Divided Management," Madison: Industrial Relations Research Institute,1971. (1971)

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Contact Information
Office: E62-334
Tel: (617) 253-6689
Fax: (617) 253-2660
Support Staff
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Tel: (617) 253-8515

Research Center(s)

General Expertise
401K plans; Benefits; Career development; Changing work environments; Changing workforce; Collective bargaining; Compensation; Disrupted work; Diversity; Employee motivation; Employment relations; Family issues; Firing; Flextime; Gender issues, workplace; Harassment; Hiring; Human resource management; Incentives, corporate; Industrial relations; Labor market policy; Labor relations; Labor unions; Management effectiveness, measuring; Managing diversity; Negotiation and conflict resolution; Pensions; Public policy, employment relations; Recruitment; Regulatory policy; Sexual harassment; Stock options; Telecommuting; Training programs; Tri-sector collaboration; Turnover; Unemployment; Worker / Management relations; Working virtually; Work-life balance; Workplace health