Steven Eppinger

General Motors Leaders for Global Operations Professor of Management
Professor of Management Science and Engineering Systems
Co-Director, System Design and Management Program

Biography | Selected Publications

Product Design and Development. Eppinger, Steven D., and K.T. Ulrich. McGraw-Hill/Irwin, New York, Sixth Edition.

"Technology Readiness Levels at 40: a study of state-of-the-art use, challenges, and opportunities." Olechowski, Alison, Steven D. Eppinger, and Nitin Joglekar. MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 5127-15. (2015)

“Improving the Systems Engineering Process with Multilevel Analysis of Interactions.” Eppinger, Steven D., Nitin R. Joglekar, Alison Olechowski, and Terence Teo (November 2014). Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing, 28(4): 323-337.

“Evolution of Information Control and Centralisation Through Stages of Complex Engineering Design Projects.” P. Parraguez, S.D. Eppinger, and A.M. MaierInternational Design Conference – DESIGN 2014, Dubrovnik, May 2014.

“Structuring Work Distribution for Global Product Development Organizations.” Tripathy, Anshuman, and Steven D. Eppinger (November/December 2013). Production and Operations Management, 22(6): 1557-1575.

“Improving the Systems Engineering Process with Multi-Domain Mapping.” Eppinger, Steven D., Nitin R. Joglekar, Alison Olechowski, and Terence Teo. 15th International DSM Conference, Melbourne, August 30, 2013.

“Managing Iterations in the Modular Real Estate Development Process.” Eppinger, Steven D., Steven Bonelli, and Adrian M. Gonzalez. 15th International DSM Conference, Melbourne, August 30, 2013.

The Guide to the Product Management and Marketing Body of Knowledge. Eppinger, Steven D., and Greg Geracie (eds). Product Management Educational Institute (PMEI), Carson City. Design Structure Matrix. August 2013.

“Enfrentando a Complexidade de Projetos com Design Structure Matrix.” Browning, Tyson R., and Steven D. Eppinger (April/May 2013). Mundo Project Management, 9(50).

Design Structure Matrix Methods and Applications. Eppinger, Steven D., with Tyson R. Browning. MIT Press, Cambridge, 2012.

“Organizing Global Product Development for Complex Engineered Systems.” Tripathy, Anshuman, and Steven Eppinger (August 2011). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 58(3): 510-529.

"Teaching Design for Environment in Product Design Classes." Baeriswyl, Michael C., and Steven D. Eppinger. International Conference on Engineering Design, Copenhagen, August 2011.

“The Fundamental Challenge of Product Design.” Eppinger, Steven D. (May 2011). Journal of Product Innovation Management, Special Issue on Product Design, 28(3): 399-400.

Product Design and Development. Ulrich, Karl T., and Steven D. Eppinger. New York: McGraw-Hill, Fifth Edition. 2011.

“On the Feasibility of Solar-Powered Irrigation.” Kelley, Leah C., Eric Gilbertson, Anwar Sheikh, Steven D. Eppinger, and Steven Dubowsky (December 2010). Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(9): 2669-2682.

"Improving Product Development Process Design: A Method for Managing Information Flows, Risks, and Iterations." Unger, Darian, and Steven D. Eppinger (October 2011). Journal of Engineering Design, 22(10): 689-699. (2010)

Eppinger, Steven D. Foreword to "Handbook of Research on Trends in Product Design and Development." A. Silva and R. Simões, IGI Global, 2010.

“How Sustainability Fuels Design Innovation.” Hopkins, M.S. (Fall 2010). MIT Sloan Management Review, 52(1): 75-81.

 “Comparing Product Development Processes and Managing Risk.” Unger, Darian W., and Steven D. Eppinger (2009). International Journal of Product Development, 8(4): 382-402. (2009)

“Work Distribution in Global Product Development Organizations.” Tripathy, Anshuman, and Steven D. Eppinger. 10th International DSM Conference, Stockholm, November 12, 2008.

Product Design and Development. Ulrich, Karl T., and Steven D. Eppinger. McGraw-Hill/Irwin, New York, Fourth Edition, 2008.

"A Network Approach to Define Modularity of Components in Complex Products." Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger, and Craig M. Rowles (November 2007). Journal of Mechanical Design, 129(11): 1118-1129.

"Are Your Engineers Talking to One Another When They Should?" Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger, and Craig M. Rowles (November 2007). Harvard Business Review, 85(11): 133-142.

“A System Architecture Approach to Global Product Development.” Tripathy, Anshuman, and Steven D. Eppinger. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Number 4645, March 2007.

“DSM Models of Globally Distributed Product Development Structures.” Eppinger, Steven D. 8th International DSM Conference, Seattle, October 25, 2006.

“The New Practice of Global Product Development.” Eppinger, Steven D., and Anil R. Chitkara (Summer 2006). MIT Sloan Management Review, 47(4): 22-30.

"A Network Approach to Define Modularity of Product Components." Sosa, Manuel E., Anupam Agrawal, Steven D. Eppinger, and Craig M. Rowles. ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Long Beach, CA, September 2005.

"A Simulation-Based Process Model for Managing Complex Design Projects." Cho, Soo-Haeng, and Steven D. Eppinger (August 2005). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 52(3): 316-328.

“Projektmanagement – Produktentwicklungsprojekte zielorientiert und effizient gestalten.” Eppinger, Steven D. In Schäppi, Bernd, Mogens M. Andreasen, Manfred Kircheorg, and Franz-Josef Radermacher (Eds.), Handbuch Produktentwicklung, Hanser-Verlag, Munich, 2005.

"The Misalignment of Product Architecture and Organizational Structure in Complex Product Development." Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger, and Craig M. Rowles (December 2004). Management Science, 50(12): 1674-1689.

"The Influence of Architecture in Engineering Systems." Crawley, Edward, Olivier de Weck, Steven D. Eppinger, Christopher Magee, Joel Moses, Warren Seering, Joel Schindall, David Wallace, and Daniel E. Whitney (March 2004). MIT Engineering Systems Monograph.

Product Design and Development. Ulrich, Karl T., and Steven D. Eppinger. McGraw-Hill/Irwin, New York, Third Edition, 2004.

"Identifying Modular and Integrative Systems and Their Impact on Design Team Interactions." Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger, and Craig M. Rowles (June 2003). ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, 125(2): 240-252.

"Information Hiding in Product Development: The Design Churn Effect." Yassine, Ali, Nitin Joglekar, Dan Braha, Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney (January 2003). Research in Engineering Design, 14(3): 131-144,.

"Adding Value in Product Development by Creating Information and Reducing Risk." Browning, Tyson R., John J. Deyst, Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney (November 2002). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 49(4): 443-458.

"Modeling Impacts of Process Architecture on Cost and Schedule Risk in Product Development." Browning, Tyson R., and Steven D. Eppinger (November 2002). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 49(4): 428-442.

"Factors that Influence Technical Communication in Distributed Product Development: An Empirical Study in the Telecommunications Industry." Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger, Michael Pich, David G. McKendrick, and Suzanne K. Stout (February 2002). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 49(1): 45-58.

"Factors that influence Technical Communication in Distributed Product Development: An Empirical Study in the Telecommunications Industry." Eppinger, Steven D., David G. McKendrick, Michael Pich, Manuel E. Sosa, and Suzanne K. Stout (2002). Working Paper. (2002)

"Information Hiding in Product Development: The Design Churn Effect." Yassine, Ali, Nitin Joglekar, Dan Braha, Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney (2002). Working Paper. (2002)

"Interdisciplinary Product Development Education at MIT and RISD." Eppinger, Steven D., and Matthew S. Kressy (Summer 2002). Design Management Journal, 13(3): 58-61.

"Performance of Coupled Product Development Activities with a Deadline." Nitindra R. Joglekar, Ali A. Yassine, Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney (December 2001). Management Science, 47(12): 1605-1620.

"A Decision Support Tool for Predicting the Impact of Development Process Improvements." Cronemyr, Peter, Anna Öhrwall-Rönnbäck, and Steven D. Eppinger (September 2001). Journal of Engineering Design, 12(3): 177-199.

"Product Development Process Modeling using Advanced Simulation." Cho, Soo-Haeng, and Steven D. Eppinger. ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Pittsburgh, PA, September 2001, no. DETC-21691.

"Patterns of Product Development Interactions." Eppinger, Steven D., and Vesa Salminen. International Conference on Engineering Design, Glasgow, Scotland, UK, August 2001.

"Innovation at the Speed of Information." Eppinger, Steven D. (January 2001). Harvard Business Review, 79(1): 149-158, January 2001.

"Sourcing by Design: Product Complexity and the Supply Chain." Novak, Sharon, and Steven D. Eppinger (January 2001). Management Science, 47(1): 189-204.

"Performance of Coupled Product Development Activities with a Deadline." Eppinger, Steven D., Nitindra R. Joglekar, Daniel E. Whitney, and Ali A. Yassine (2001). (2001)

"Designing Modular and Integrative Systems." Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger, and Craig M. Rowles. ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Baltimore, MD, September 2000.

"Evaluation of Design Process Alternatives using Signal Flow Graphs." Isaksson, Ola, Sven Keski-Seppälä, and Steven D. Eppinger (September 2000). Journal of Engineering Design, 11(3): 211-224.

"Complex System Product Development: Adding Value by Creating Information and Reducing Risk." Browning, Tyson R., John J. Deyst, Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney. Tenth Annual International Symposium of INCOSE, Minneapolis, MN, July 2000.

Product Design and Development. Ulrich, Karl T., and Steven D. Eppinger. McGraw-Hill, New York, Second Edition, 2000.

"Understanding the Effects of Product Architecture on Technical Communication in Product Development Organizations." Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger, and Craig M. Rowles (2000). Working Paper. (2000)

"Process Improvement Simulations using the Work Transformation Model." Cronemyr, Peter, Steven D. Eppinger, and Anna Öhrwall-Rönnbäck. 1999 International Conference on Engineering Design, Munich, August 1999.

"Product Development Process Capture and Display Using Web-Based Technologies." Sabbaghian, Nader, Steven D. Eppinger, and Earll Murman. IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, La Jolla, CA, October 1998.

"A Design Process Modeling Approach Incorporating Nonlinear Elements." Andersson, Johan, Jochen Pohl, and Steven D. Eppinger. ASME Design Theory and Methodology Conference, Atlanta, GA, September 1998, no. DETC98-5663.

"Using the Design Structure Matrix to Estimate Time to Market in a Product Development Process." Carrascosa, Maria, Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney. ASME Design Automation Conference, Atlanta, GA, September 1998, no. DETC98-6013.

"Deciding between Sequential and Concurrent Tasks in Engineering Design." Smith, Robert P., Steven D. Eppinger (March 1998). Concurrent Engineering Research and Applications, 6(1): 15-25.

"A Model for Development Project Cost and Schedule Planning." Browning, Tyson R., and Steven D. Eppinger (1998). Working Paper. (1998)

"Sourcing By Design: Product Architecture and the Supply Chain." Novak, Shannon, and Steven D. Eppinger (1998). Working Paper. (1998)

"Simplifying Iterations in Cross-Functional Design Decision Making." Krishnan, Vish V., Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney (December 1997). Journal of Mechanical Design, 119(4): 485-493.

"A Planning Method for Integration of Large-Scale Engineering Systems." Eppinger, Steven D. International Conference on Engineering Design, Tampere, Finland, August 1997, pp. 199-204.

"A Predictive Model of Sequential Iteration in Engineering Design." Smith, Robert P., and Steven D. Eppinger (August 1997). Management Science, 43(8): 1104-1120.

"A Model-Based Framework to Overlap Product Development Activities." Vish V. Krishnan, Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney (April 1997). Management Science, 43(4): 437-451.

"Active Control of a High-Speed Pantograph." O'Connor, D.N., S.D. Eppinger, W.P. Seering, and D.N. Wormley (March 1997). Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, 119: 1-4.

"Identifying Controlling Features of Engineering Design Iteration." Smith, Robert P., and Steven D. Eppinger (March 1997). Management Science, 43(3): 276-293.

"Accelerating New Product Development." Eppinger, Steven D., and Karl T. Ulrich (1997). Perspectives on Business Innovation, #1: 55-60. (1997)

"Generalized Models of Design Iteration Using Signal Flow Graphs." Eppinger, Steven D., Murthy V. Nukala, and Daniel E. Whitney (1997). Research in Engineering Design, 9(2): 112-123. (1997)

"The Coupling of Product Architecture and Organizational Structure Decisions." Gulati, Rosaline K., and Steven D. Eppinger (May 1996). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Number 3906.

"A Predictive Model of Sequential Iteration in Engineering Design." Smith, Robert P., and Steven D. Eppinger (1996). Working Paper. (1996)

"Generalized Models of Design Iteration Using Signal Flow Graphs." Eppinger, Steven D., Murthy V. Nukala, and Daniel E. Whitney (1996). Working Paper. (1996)

"Accelerating Product Development by the Exchange of Preliminary Product Design Information." Krishnan, Vish V., Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney (December 1995). Journal of Mechanical Design, 117: 491-498.

"Generalized Models of Design Iteration Using Signal Flow Graphs." Eppinger, Steven D., Murthy V. Nukala, Daniel E. Whitney. ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Boston, MA, September 1995, pp. 413-422.

"Predicting Technical Communication in Product Development Organizations." Morelli, Mark D., Steven D. Eppinger, and Rosaline K. Gulati (August 1995). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 42(3): 215-222.

"Predicting Technical Communication in Product Development Organizations." Morelli, Mark D., Steven D. Eppinger, and Rosaline K. Gulati (February 1995). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper #120-95.

"A Methodology for Manufacturing Process Signature Analysis." Eppinger, Steven D., Christopher D. Huber, and Van H. Pham (January-February 1995). Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 14(1): 20-34.

"Deciding Between Sequential and Parallel Tasks in Engineering Design." Smith, Robert P., and Steven D. Eppinger (1995). Working Paper. (1995)

"Identifying Controlling Features of Engineering Design Iteration." Smith, Robert P., and Steven D. Eppinger (1995). Working Paper. (1995)

Instructor's Manual for "Product Design and Development". Ulrich, Karl T., and Steven D. Eppinger. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1995.

"Integration Analysis of Product Decompositions." Pimmler, Thomas U., and Steven D. Eppinger (1995). Working Paper. (1995)

Product Design and Development. Ulrich, Karl T., and Steven D. Eppinger. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995.

"Taguchi Airplanes." Eppinger, Steven D. In J.N. Heineke and L.C. Meile, (eds.) Games and Exercises for Operations Management, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, pp. 213-224, 1995.

"Integration Analysis of Product Decompositions." Pimmler, Thomas U., and Steven D. Eppinger. ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Minneapolis, MN, September 1994, pp. 343-351.

"A Model-Based Method for Organizing Tasks in Product Development." Eppinger, Steven D., Daniel E. Whitney, Robert P. Smith, and David A. Gebala (1994). Research in Engineering Design, 6(1): 1-13. (1994)

"Iterative Overlapping: Accelerating Product Development by Preliminary Information Exchange." Krishnan, Vish V., Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney. ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Albuquerque, NM, September 1993, pp. 223-231.

"Characteristics and Models of Iteration in Engineering Design."  Smith, Robert P., and Steven D. Eppinger. International Conference on Engineering Design, The Hague, August 1993, pp. 564-571.

"Overlapping Product Development Activities by Analysis of Information Transfer Practice." Krishnan, Vish V., Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney. International Conference on Engineering Design, The Hague, August 1993, pp. 685-688.

"Characteristics and Models of Iteration in Engineering Design." Eppinger, Steven D., and Robert P. Smith (June 1993). International Motor Vehicle Program Research Briefing Meeting, Cape Cod, MA.

"A Model-Based Method for Organization Tasks in Product Development." Eppinger, Steven D., Daniel E. Whitney, Robert P. Smith, and David A. Gebala (1993). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Number 3569-93-MS. (1993)

"Managing the Integration Problem in Concurrent Engineering." McCord, Kent R., and Steven D. Eppinger (August 1993). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Number 3594.

"Systematic versus Intuitive Problem Solving on the Shop Floor: Does it Matter." Tyre, Marcie J., Steven D. Eppinger, and Eva M.H. Csinzinszky (1993). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper. (1993)

"Three Dynamic Problems in Robot Force Control."  Eppinger, Steven D., and Warren P. Seering (December 1992). IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, 8(6): 751-758.

"Testing an Engineering Design Iteration Model in an Experimental Setting." Smith, Robert P., Steven D. Eppinger, and Amarnath Gopal. ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. Scottsdale, AZ, September 1992, pp. 267-276.

"Organizing Tasks in Complex Design Projects: Development of Tools to Represent Design Procedures." Eppinger, Steven D., Daniel E. Whitney, David A. Gebala. NSF Design and Manufacturing Systems Conference, Atlanta, GA, January 1992, pp. 301-309.

"Educating Product Development Leaders." Eppinger, Steven D., and Karl T. Ulrich (Summer 1992). Design Management Journal, 3(3): 47-53.

"Overlapping Product Development Activities by Analyis of Information Transfer Practice." Viswanathan, Krishnan, Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney (1992). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Series Number 3478-92. (1992)

"Testing and Engineering Design Iteration Model in an Experimental Setting." Smith, Robert P., Steven D. Eppinger, and Amarnath Gopal (1992). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Number 3386-92-MS. (1992)

"Methods for Analyzing Design Procedures." Gebala, David A., and Steven D. Eppinger. ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. Miami, FL, September 1991, pp. 227-233.

"Towards a Cooperative Design Methodology: Analysis of Sequential Decision Strategies." Krishnan, Viswanathan, Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney. ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Miami, FL, September 1991, pp. 165-172.

"Modeling the Impact of Organizational Structure on Design Lead Time and Product Quality." Gebala, David A., and Steven D. Eppinger (May 1991). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper no. 3301.

"Bandwidth Performance of a Direct-Drive Manipulator Under Joint Torque Control and Endpoint Force Control." Fowler, H.C., and S.D. Eppinger. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Sacramento, CA, April 1991, pp. 230-237.

"Development of Tools to Represent Design Procedures." Gebala, David A., Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney (1991). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper. (1991)

"Methods for Analysing Design Procedures." Gebala, David A., and Steven D. Eppinger (1991). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper. (1991)

"Model-Based Approaches to Managing Concurrent Engineering." Eppinger, Steven D. (1991). Journal of Engineering Design, 2(4): 283-290. (1991)

"Organizing the Tasks in Complex Design Projects." Eppinger, S. with D.E. Whitney, R.P. Smith, and D.A. Gebala. InD. Sriram, R. Logcher, and S. Fukuda (eds.), Computer-Aided Cooperative Product Development, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991.

"Towards a Cooperative Design Methodology: Analysis of Sequential Decision Strategies." Viswanathan, Krishnan, Steven D. Eppinger, and Daniel E. Whitney (1991). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper. (1991)

"An Engineering Model for Predicting Manufacturing Costs of Aerospace Components." Allan, D.C., S.D. Eppinger, G.F. Denktsis, and M.J. Jakiela. ASME Winter Annual Meeting, Dallas, TX, November 1990, pp. 9-16.

"Interdisciplinary Product Design Education." Eppinger, Steven D., Charles H. Fine, and Karl T. Ulrich (November 1990). IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 37(4): 301-305.

"Organizing the Tasks in Complex Design Projects." Eppinger, Steven D., Daniel E. Whitney, Robert P. Smith, and David A. Gebala. ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Chicago, September 1990, pp. 39-46.

"Employing Computer Integrated Manufacturing Techniques in a Radically New Production Process." Eppinger, S.D., B.R. Harris, W.S. Firsty, J.L. Kirtley Jr., D.P. Clausing, and R.A. Jenkins. Second International Conference on Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Troy, NY, May 1990, pp. 290-295.

"Coordinating Product Design Education in Management and Engineering." Eppinger, Steven D. (Spring 1990). Spectrum, 2(4).

"Interdisciplinary Product Design Education." Eppinger, Steven D., Charles H. Fine, and Karl T. UIrich (1989). Working Paper. (1989)

"Organizing the Tasks in Complex Design Projects." Eppinger, Steven D., and Daniel E. Whitney (1989). MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Number 3083-89-MS. (1989)

"Modeling Robot Dynamic Performance for Endpoint Force Control." Eppinger, Steven D (September 1988). MIT, Sc.D. Thesis.

"Modeling and Experimental Evaluation of Asymmetric Pantograph Dynamics." O'Connor, D.N. S.D. Eppinger, W.P. Seering, D.N. Wormley (June 1988). Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control. ASME, 110: 168-174.

"Modeling Robot Flexibility for Endpoint Force Control." Eppinger, Steven D., and Warren P. Seering. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Philadelphia, PA, April 1988, pp. 165-170.

"The Dynamics of Robot Force Control." Eppinger, Steven D., and Warren P. Seering. Seventh World Congress on the Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, Sevilla, Spain, September 1987.

"An Introduction to Dynamic Models for Robot Force Control." Eppinger, Steven D., and Warren P. Seering (April 1987). IEEE Control Systems Magazine, 7(2): 48-52.

"Understanding Bandwidth Limitations in Robot Force Control." Eppinger, Steven D., and Warren P. Seering. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Raleigh, NC, March 1987, pp. 904-909.

"On Dynamic Models of Robot Force Control." Eppinger, Steven D., and Warren P. Seering. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, San Francisco, CA, April 1986, pp. 29-34.

"Modeling and Dynamics of a High-Speed Pantograph." Eppinger, Steven D. (June 1984). MIT, S.M. Thesis.

"Development of a Force Feedback Sensor for Robotic Manipulators." Eppinger, Steven D. (February 1983). MIT, S.B. Thesis.

"Robot Force Control." Eppinger, Steven D. In M.G. Singh, (ed.) Systems and Control Encyclopedia, Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp. 503-507, 1989.

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Research Center(s)

General Expertise
Aerospace; Automotive industry; Business process modeling; Innovation; Innovation management; Innovative thinking; Intellectual property; Medical devices; New venture development; Oil industry; Open innovation; Product design; Product development; Product innovation; Project management; Research and development; Technological innovation