Steven Eppinger

General Motors Leaders for Global Operations Professor of Management
Professor of Management Science and Engineering Systems
Co-Director, System Design and Management Program

Biography | Selected Publications

Product Design and Development. Eppinger, Steven D. and K.T. Ulrich. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2016. Forthcoming

"Technology Readiness Levels at 40: A Study of State-of-the-Art Use, Challenges, and Opportunities." Olechowski, Alison, Steven D. Eppinger and Nitin Joglekar. MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 5127-15. April 2015.

“Improving the Systems Engineering Process with Multilevel Analysis of Interactions.” Eppinger, Steven D., Nitin R. Joglekar, Alison Olechowski and Terence Teo.  Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing Vol. 28, No. 4 (2014): 323-337.  (2014)

“Evolution of Information Control and Centralisation Through Stages of Complex Engineering Design Projects.” P. Parraguez, Steven D. Eppinger and A.M. Maier. In Proceedings of the DESIGN 2014 13th International Design Conference, edited by D. Marjanovic, M. Storga, N. Pavkovic and N. Bojcetic. Copenhagen, Denmark: May 2014. 

“Structuring Work Distribution for Global Product Development Organizations.” Tripathy, Anshuma and Steven D. Eppinger. Production and Operations Management Vol. 22, No. 6 (2013): 1557-1575.  (2013)

“Improving the Systems Engineering Process with Multi-Domain Mapping.” Steven D. Eppinger, Nitin R. Joglekar, Alison Olechowski and Terence Teo. In Proceedings of the 15th International DSM conference, edited by E. Scheurmann, M. Maurer, D. Schmidt and U. Lindemann. Garching, Germany: August 2013. 

“Managing Iterations in the Modular Real Estate Development Process.” Steven D. Eppinger, Steven Bonelli and Adrian M. Gonzalez. In Proceedings of the 15th International DSM conference, edited by E. Scheurmann, M. Maurer, D. Schmidt and U. Lindemann. Garching, Germany: August 2013. 

The Guide to the Product Management and Marketing Body of Knowledge. Eppinger, Steven D. and Greg Geracie. Carson City, NV: Product Management Educational Institute, 2013. 

“Enfrentando a Complexidade de Projetos com Design Structure Matrix.” Browning, Tyson R. and Steven D. Eppinger. (2013.) (2013)

Design Structure Matrix Methods and Applications. Eppinger, Steven D. and Tyson R. Browning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012. 

“Organizing Global Product Development for Complex Engineered Systems.” Tripathy, Anshuman and Steven Eppinger. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management Vol. 58, No. 3 (2011): 510-529.  (2011)

"Teaching Design for Environment in Product Design Classes." Michael C. Baeriswyl and Steven D. Eppinger. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design, edited by S. Culley, B. Hicks, T.C. McAloone, T. Howard and B. Ion. Copenhagen, Denmark: August 2011. 

Product Design and Development. Ulrich, Karl T. and Steven D. Eppinger. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2011. 

“The Fundamental Challenge of Product Design.” Eppinger, Steven D. Journal of Product Management Vol. 28, No. 3 (2011): 399-400.  (2011)

“On the Feasibility of Solar-Powered Irrigation.” Kelley, Leah C., Eric Gilbertson, Anwar Sheikh, Steven D. Eppinger and Steven Dubowsky. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews Vol. 14, No. 9 (2010): 2669-2862.  (2010)

“How Sustainability Fuels Design Innovation.” Hopkins, Michael S. and Steven D. Eppinger. MIT Sloan School of Management Review, October 2010. 

"Improving Product Development Process Design: A Method for Managing Information Flows, Risks, and Iterations." Unger, Darian and Steven D. Eppinger. Journal of Engineering Design Vol. 22, No. 10 (2010): 689-699.  (2010)

"Foreword." Eppinger, Steven D. In Handbook of Research on Trends in Product Design and Development, edited by Arlindo Silva and Ricardo Simões, XXIII-XXV. Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2010. 

 “Comparing Product Development Processes and Managing Risk.” Unger, Darian W. and Steven D. Eppinger.  (2009)

“Work Distribution in Global Product Development Organizations.” Anshuman Tripathy and Steven D. Eppinger. In Proceedings of the 10th International DSM Conference. November 2008. 

"A Network Approach to Define Modularity of Components in Complex Products." Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger and Craig M. Rowles. Journal of Mechanical Design Vol. 129, No. 11 (2007): 1118-1129.  (2007)

"Are Your Engineers Talking to One Another When They Should?" Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger and Craig M. Rowles. Harvard Business Review, November 2007. 

Product Design and Development. Ulrich, Karl T. and Steven D. Eppinger. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2007. 

“A System Architecture Approach to Global Product Development.” Tripathy, Anshuman and Steven D. Eppinger, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Number 4645-07. March 2007.

“DSM Models of Globally Distributed Product Development Structures.” Steven D. Eppinger. Proceedings of the 8th International DSM Conference. Garching, Germany: October 2006. 

“The New Practice of Global Product Development.” Eppinger, Steven D. and Anil R. Chitkara. MIT Sloan Management Review, July 2006. 

"A Network Approach to Define Modularity of Product Components." Manuel E. Sosa, Anupam Agrawal, Steven D. Eppinger and Craig M. Rowles. In Proceedings of the 2005 ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. New York, NY: September 2005. 

"A Simulation-Based Process Model for Managing Complex Design Projects." Cho, Soo-Haeng and Steven D. Eppinger. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management Vol. 52, No. 3 (2005): 316-328.  (2005)

“Projektmanagement – Produktentwicklungsprojekte zielorientiert und effizient gestalten.” Eppinger, Steven D. In Handbuch Produktentwicklung, edited by Schäppi, Bernd, Mogens M. Andreasen, Manfred Kircheorg and Franz-Josef Radermacher. Munich, Germany: Hanser-Verlag, 2005. 

"The Misalignment of Product Architecture and Organizational Structure in Complex Product Development." Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger and Craig M. Rowles. Management Science Vol. 50, No. 12 (2004): 1674-1689.  (2004)

"The Influence of Architecture in Engineering Systems." Edward Crawley, Olivier de Weck, Steven D. Eppinger, Christopher Magee,Joel Moses, Warren Seering, Joel Schindall, David Wallace and Daniel E. Whitney. (2004)

Product Design and Development. Ulrich, Karl T. and Steven D. Eppinger. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2003. 

"Identifying Modular and Integrative Systems and Their Impact on Design Team Interactions." Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger and Craig M. Rowles. ASME Journal of Mechanical Design Vol. 125, No. 2 (2003): 240-252.  (2003)

"Information Hiding in Product Development: The Design Churn Effect." Yassine, Ali, Nitin Joglekar, Dan Braha, Steven D. Eppinger and Daniel E. Whitney. Research in Engineering Design Vol. 14, No. 3 (2003): 131-144.  (2003)

"Adding Value in Product Development by Creating Information and Reducing Risk." Browning, Tyson R., John J. Deyst, Steven D. Eppinger and Daniel E. Whitney. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management Vol. 49, No. 4 (2002): 443-458.  (2002)

"Modeling Impacts of Process Architecture on Cost and Schedule Risk in Product Development." Browning, Tyson R. and Steven D. Eppinger. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management Vol. 49, No. 4 (2002): 428-442.  (2002)

"Interdisciplinary Product Development Education at MIT and RISD." Eppinger, Steven D. and Matthew S. Kressy. Design Management Journal Vol. 13, No. 3 (2002): 58-61. (2002)

"Factors that Influence Technical Communication in Distributed Product Development: An Empirical Study in the Telecommunications Industry." Sosa, Manuel E., Steven D. Eppinger, Michael Pich, David G. McKendrick and Suzanne K. Stout. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management Vol. 49, No. 1 (2002): 45-58.  (2002)

"Performance of Coupled Product Development Activities with a Deadline." Nitindra R. Joglekar, Ali A. Yassine, Steven D. Eppinger and Daniel E. Whitney. Management Science Vol. 47, No. 12 (2001): 1605-1620.  (2001)

"A Decision Support Tool for Predicting the Impact of Development Process Improvements." Cronemyr, Peter, Anna Öhrwall-Rönnbäck and Steven D. Eppinger.  (2001)

"Product Development Process Modeling using Advanced Simulation." Soo-Haeng Cho and Steven D. Eppinger. In Proceedings of the 2001 ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. New York, NY: September 2001. 

"Patterns of Product Development Interactions."Steven D. Eppinger and Vesa Salminen. In Proceedings of the 2001 International Conference on Engineering Design. Copenhagen, Denmark : August 2001. 

"Innovation at the Speed of Information." Eppinger, Steven D. Harvard Business Review, January 2001.

"Sourcing by Design: Product Complexity and the Supply Chain." Novak, Sharon and Steven D. Eppinger. Management Science Vol. 47, No. 1 (2001): 189-204.  (2001)

"Designing Modular and Integrative Systems." Manuel E. Sosa, Steven D. Eppinger and Craig M. Rowles. In Proceedings of the 12th ASME Conference on Design Theory and MethodologyNew York, NY: September 2000.

"Evaluation of Design Process Alternatives using Signal Flow Graphs." Isaksson, Ola, Sven Keski-Seppälä and Steven D. Eppinger. Journal of Engineering Design Vol. 11, No. 3 (2000): 211-224. (2000)

"Complex System Product Development: Adding Value by Creating Information and Reducing Risk." Browning, Tyson R., John J. Deyst, Steven D. Eppinger and Daniel E. Whitney. Tenth Annual International Symposium of INCOSE. San Diego, CA: July 2000. 

Product Design and Development. Ulrich, Karl T. and Steven D. Eppinger. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2009.  (1999)

"Process Improvement Simulations using the Work Transformation Model." Peter Cronemyr, Steven D. Eppinger and Anna Öhrwall-Rönnbäck. In Proceedings of the 1999 International Conference on Engineering Design. Copenhagen, Denmark: August 1999. 

"Product Development Process Capture and Display Using Web-Based Technologies." Nader Sabbaghian,  Steven D. Eppinger and Earll Murman. In Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, edited by Frank DiCesare, Mohsen A. Jafari and MengChu Zhou. New York, NY: October 1998. 

"A Design Process Modeling Approach Incorporating Nonlinear Elements." Johan Andersson, Jochen Pohl and Steven D. Eppinger. In Proceedings of the 1998 ASME Design Theory and Methodology Conference, edited by Harvey Lipkin and Farrokh Mistree. New York, NY: September 1998. 

"Using the Design Structure Matrix to Estimate Time to Market in a Product Development Process." Maria Carrascosa, Steven D. Eppinger and Daniel E. Whitney. In Proceedings of the 1998 ASME Design Automation Conference. New York, NY: Sepember 1998. 

"Deciding between Sequential and Concurrent Tasks in Engineering Design." Smith, Robert P. and Steven D. Eppinger. Concurrent Engineering Research and Applications Vol. 6, No. 1 (1998): 15-25.  (1998)

"Accelerating New Product Development." Eppinger, Steven D., and Karl T. Ulrich. Perspectives on Business Innovation, December 1997. 

"Generalized Models of Design Iteration Using Signal Flow Graphs." Eppinger, Steven D., Murthy V. Nukala and Daniel E. Whitney. Research in Engineering Design Vol. 9, No. 2 (1997): 112-123.  (1997)

"Simplifying Iterations in Cross-Functional Design Decision Making." Krishnan, Vish V., Steven D. Eppinger and Daniel E. Whitney. Journal of Mechanical Design Vol. 119, No. 4 (1997): 485-493.  (1997)

"A Planning Method for Integration of Large-Scale Engineering Systems." Eppinger, Steven D. In Proceedings of the 1997 International Conference on Engineering Design. Totterdown, Scotland: August 1997.

"A Predictive Model of Sequential Iteration in Engineering Design." Smith, Robert P. and Steven D. Eppinger. Management Science Vol. 43, No. 8 (1997): 1104-1120. (1997)

"A Model-Based Framework to Overlap Product Development Activities." Vish V. Krishnan, Steven D. Eppinger and Daniel E. Whitney. Management Science Vol. 43, No. 4 (1997): 437-451.  (1997)

"Active Control of a High-Speed Pantograph." O'Connor, D.N., S.D. Eppinger, W.P. Seering and D.N. Wormley. Journal of Dynamics Systems, Measurement, and Control Vol. 119, No. 1 (1997): 1-4.  (1997)

"Identifying Controlling Features of Engineering Design Iteration." Smith, Robert P. and Steven D. Eppinger. Management Science Vol. 43, No. 3 (1997): 276-293.  (1997)

"The Coupling of Product Architecture and Organizational Structure Decisions." Gulati, Rosaline K. and Steven D. Eppinger, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Number 3906. May 1996.

"Accelerating Product Development by the Exchange of Preliminary Product Design Information." Krishnan, Vish V., Steven D. Eppinger and Daniel E. Whitney. Journal of Mechanical Design Vol. 117, No. 4 (1995): 491-498. (1995)

"Systematic versus Intuitive Approaches to Technical Problem Solving: Does it Matter?" Tyre, M.J., Steven D. Eppinger and E.M.H. Csizinszky. MIT Sloan Working Paper 3716. November 1995.

""Systematic versus Intuitive Approaches to Technical Problem Solving: Does it Matter?" Tyre, Marcie J., Steven D. Eppinger and Eva M.H. Csinzinszky, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper 3716. November 1995.

Instructor's Manual for "Product Design and Development". Ulrich, Karl T. and Steven D. Eppinger. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1995. 

"Generalized Models of Design Iteration Using Signal Flow Graphs." Steven D. Eppinger, Murthy V. Nukala and Daniel E. Whitney. ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Boston, MA, September 1995, pp. 413-422.

"Predicting Technical Communication in Product Development Organizations." Morelli, Mark D., Steven D. Eppinger and Rosaline K. Gulati. â€‹IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management Vol. 42, No. 3 (1995): 215-222.  (1995)

"A Methodology for Manufacturing Process Signature Analysis." Eppinger, Steven D., Christopher D. Huber and Van H. Pham. Journal of Manufacturing Systems Vol. 14, No. 1 (1995): 20-34.  (1995)

Product Design and Development. Ulrich, Karl T. and Steven D. Eppinger. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1995. 

"Taguchi Airplanes." Eppinger, Steven D. In Games and Exercises for Operations Management, edited by J.N. Heineke and L.C. Meile, 213-224. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1995. 

"Integration Analysis of Product Decompositions." Thomas U. Pimmler and Steven D. Eppinger. In Proceedings of the 1994 ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. New York, NY: September 1994. 

"A Model-Based Method for Organizing Tasks in Product Development." Eppinger, Steven D., Daniel E. Whitney, Robert P. Smith and David A. Gebala. Research in Engineering Design Vol. 6, No. 1 (1994): 1-13.  (1994)

"Managing the Integration Problem in Concurrent Engineering." McCord, Kent R. and Steven D. Eppinger, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Number 3594. December 1993. 

"Iterative Overlapping: Accelerating Product Development by Preliminary Information Exchange." Vish V. Krishnan, Steven D. Eppinger and Daniel E. Whitney. In ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. New York, NY: September 1993. 

"Characteristics and Models of Iteration in Engineering Design."  Robert P.  Smith and Steven D. Eppinger. In Proceedings of  the 1993 International Conference on Engineering Design. Totterdown, Scotland: August 1993. 

"Overlapping Product Development Activities by Analysis of Information Transfer Practice." Vish V. Krishnan,  Steven D. Eppinger and Daniel E. Whitney. Proceedings of the 1993 International Conference on Engineering Design. Totterdown, Scotland: August 1993. 

"Characteristics and Models of Iteration in Engineering Design." Steven D. Eppinger and Robert P. Smith. (1993)

"Integration of Quality Function Deployment and the Design Structure Matrix." Eppinger, Steven D., Steffen Terhaar and D.P. Clausing, Working Paper 93-004. March 1993.

"Three Dynamic Problems in Robot Force Control."  Eppinger, Steven D. and Warren P. Seering. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation Vol. 8, No. 6 (1992): 751-758.  (1992)

"Modeling and Analysis of Overlapping Activities in Product Development." Viswanathan, Krishnan and Steven D. Eppinger, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper no. 3478-92. October 1992. 

"Exploring the Dynamics of Iteration in Engineering Design." Eppinger, Steven D., and D.G. Pekar, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper. September 1992.

"Testing an Engineering Design Iteration Model in an Experimental Setting." Robert P. Smith, Steven D. Eppinger and Amarnath Gopal.  In Proceedings of 1992 ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. New York, NY: Setepmber 1992. 

"Educating Product Development Leaders." Eppinger, Steven D. and Karl T. Ulrich. Design Management Journal Vol. 3, No. 3 (1992): 47-53.  (1992)

"Organizing Tasks in Complex Design Projects: Development of Tools to Represent Design Procedures." Steven D. Eppinger, Daniel E. Whitney and David A. Gebala. In Proceedings of 1992 NSF Design and Manufacturing Systems Conference. Dearborn, MI: January 1992. 

"Methods for Analyzing Design Procedures." David A. Gebala and Steven D. Eppinger. In Proceedings of the 1991 ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. New York, NY: September 1991. 

"Towards a Cooperative Design Methodology: Analysis of Sequential Decision Strategies." Viswanathan Krishnan, Steven D. Eppinger and Daniel E. Whitney. In ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. New York, NY: September 1991.   

"Organizing the Tasks in Complex Design Projects." Eppinger, Steven D., E. Whitney, R.P. Smith and D.A. Gebala. In Computer-Aided Cooperative Product Development, edited by D. Sriram, R. Logcher and S. Fukuda, 229-252. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag, 1991. 

"Modeling the Impact of Organizational Structure on Design Lead Time and Product Quality." Gebala, David A. and Steven D. Eppinger, MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper no. 3301. May 1991. 

"Bandwidth Performance of a Direct-Drive Manipulator Under Joint Torque Control and Endpoint Force Control." H.C. Fowler and Steven D. Eppinger. In Proceedings, 1991 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, NY: April 1991. 

"Model-Based Approaches to Managing Concurrent Engineering." Eppinger, Steven D. Journal of Engineering Vol. 2, No. 4 (1991): 283-290.  (1991)

"Coordinating Product Design Education in Management and Engineering." Eppinger, Steven D. Spectrum, December 1990

"An Engineering Model for Predicting Manufacturing Costs of Aerospace Components." D.C. Allan, Steven D. Eppinger, G.F. Denktsis, and M.J. Jakiela. ASME Winter Annual Meeting. New York, NY: November 1990. 

"Interdisciplinary Product Design Education." Eppinger, Steven D., Charles H. Fine and Karl T. Ulrich. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management Vol. 37, No. 4 (1990): 301-305.  (1990)

"Organizing the Tasks in Complex Design Projects." Steven D. Eppinger, Daniel E. Whitney, Robert P. Smith and David A. Gebala. In Proceedings of 1990 ASME Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. New York, NY: September 1990. 

"Employing Computer Integrated Manufacturing Techniques in a Radically New Production Process." Steven D. Eppinger, B.R. Harris, W.S. Firsty, J.L. Kirtley Jr., D.P. Clausing and R.A. Jenkins. In Proceedings of Second International Conference on Computer Integrated Manufacturing. New York, NY: May 1990. 

"Robot Force Control." Eppinger, Steven D. In Systems and Control Encyclopedia, edited by M.G. Singh, 503-507. Oxford, England: Pergamon Press, 1989.

"Modeling Robot Dynamic Performance for Endpoint Force Control." Eppinger, Steven D. SC.D. Thesis, MIT, 1988. 

"Modeling and Experimental Evaluation of Asymmetric Pantograph Dynamics." O'Connor, D.N., Steven D. Eppinger, W.P. Seering and D.N. Wormley. Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control Vol. 110, No. 2 (1988): 168-174.  (1988)

"Modeling Robot Flexibility for Endpoint Force Control." Steven D. Eppinger and Warren P. Seering. In IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. New York, NY: April 1988.

"The Dynamics of Robot Force Control." Steven D. Eppinger and Warren P. Seering. In Theory of Machines and Mechanisms: 7th, 1987: World Congress Proceedings, edited by E. Bautista. North Holland, Netherlands: September 1987.

"An Introduction to Dynamic Models for Robot Force Control." Eppinger, Steven D. and Warren P. Seering. IEEE Control Systems Magazine, Vol. 7, No. 2 (1987): 48-52.  (1987)

"Understanding Bandwidth Limitations in Robot Force Control." Steven D. Eppinger and Warren P. Seering. In Proceedings Robotics and Automation 1987 IEEE International Conference, edited by Y.C. Ho and Athur C. Anderson. New York, NY: March 1987.

"On Dynamic Models of Robot Force Control." Steven D. Epinger and Warren P. Seering. In Proceedings 1986 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, edited by Antal K. Bejczy and Rajan Suri. San Francisco, CA: April 1986.

"Modeling and Dynamics of a High-Speed Pantograph." Eppinger, Steven D. S.M. Thesis, MIT, 1984.

"Development of a Force Feedback Sensor for Robotic Manipulators." Eppinger, Steven D. S.B. Thesis, MIT, 1983. 

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Research Center(s)

General Expertise
Aerospace; Automotive industry; Business process modeling; Innovation; Innovation management; Innovative thinking; Intellectual property; Medical devices; New venture development; Oil industry; Open innovation; Product design; Product development; Product innovation; Project management; Research and development; Technological innovation