Ernst Berndt

Louis E. Seley Professor in Applied Economics
Professor of Applied Economics

Biography | Selected Publications

“Biosimilar and Biobetter Scenarios for the U.S. and Europe: What Should We Expect?” Berndt, Ernst R. and Mark R. Trusheim. In Biobetters: Optimizing Protein Therapeutics, edited by Amy Rosenberg and Barthelemy Demeule, 315-360. New York, NY: Springer Science + Business Media, 2015. 

“Antipsychotic prescribing: Do conflict of interest policies make a difference?" Huskamp, Haiden, Timothy Anderson, Colleen Barry, Andrew Epstein, Sharon- Lise T. Normand, Aiju Men, Ernst R. Berndt and Marcela Horvitz-Lennon. Medical Care Vol. 53, No. 4 (2015): 338-345.  (2015)

“The Heterogeneity of Concentrated Prescribing Behavior: Theory and Evidence from Antipsychotics.” Berndt, Ernst R., Robert S. Gibbons, Anton Kolotilin and Anna Levine Taub. Journal of Health Economics Vol. 40 (2015): 26-39.  (2015)

“Decline in economic returns from new drugs raises questions about sustaining innovations.” Berndt, Ernst R., Deanna Nass, Michael Kleinrock and Murray Aitken. Health Affairs Vol. 34, No. 2 (2015): 245-252.  (2015)

“Pricing in the Market for Anticancer Drugs.” Howard, David H., Peter B. Bach, Ernst R. Berndt and Rena M. Conti. Journal of Economic Perspectives Vol. 29, No. 1 (2015): 1-26.  (2015)

“The Hidden Cost of Low Prices: Limited Access to New Drugs in India,”  Berndt, Ernst R. and Iain M. Cockburn. Health Affairs Vol. 33, No. 9 (2014): 1567-1575.  (2014)

"Price Indexes for Clinical Trial Research: A Feasibility Study,” Berndt, Ernst R. and Iain M. Cockburn. Monthly Labor Review (2014.) (2014)

"Vaccine Economics.” McElligott, Sean, and Ernst R. Berndt. In Encyclopedia of Health Economics, edited by Anthony Culyer, 425-431. San Diego, CA: Elsevier, Inc., 2014. 

“Concentration and Changes in Physician Prescribing of Antipsychotic Medications.” Donohue, Julie M., A. James O’Malley, Marcela Horvitz-Lennon, Anna Levine Taub, Ernst R. Berndt and Haiden Huskamp. Psychiatric Services Vol. 65, No. 3 (2014): 315-322.  (2014)

“Defining and Quantifying the Use of Personalized Medicines.” Hu, Sean X., Murray L. Aitken, Arnold M. Epstein, Mark R. Trusheim and Ernst R. Berndt. Nature Reviews:  Drug Discovery Vol. 12 (2013): 896-897. (2013)

“Comparison of Stakeholder Metrics for Traditional and Adaptive Development and Licensing Approaches to Drug Development.” Baird, Lynn G., Mark R. Trusheim, Hans-Georg Eichler, Ernst R. Berndt and Gigi M. Hirsch. Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science Vol. 47, No. 4 (2013): 474-483.  (2013)

“The Impact of Emerging Safety and Effectiveness Evidence on the Use of Physician-administered Drugs: The Case of Bevacizumab for Breast Cancer.” Conti, Rena M., Stacie B. Dusetzina, Ann C. Herbert, Ernst R. Berndt, Haiden A. Huskamp and Nancy L. Keating. Medical Care Vol. 51, No. 7 (2013): 622-627.  (2013)

“How Quickly Do Physicians Adopt New Drugs? The Case of Antipsychotics,” Huskamp, Haiden A., Alistar J. O’Malley, Marcela Horvitz-Lennon, Anna Levine Taub, Ernst R. Berndt and Julie M. Donohue. Psychiatric Services Vol. 64, No. 4 (2013): 324-330. (2013)

“Promotion of Prescription Drugs to Consumers and Providers, 2001-2010,” Kornfield, Rachel, Julie Donohue, Ernst R. Berndt and G. Caleb Alexander. PLoS ONE Vol. 8, No. 3 (2013.)  (2013)

“Uncertain prognosis for high-quality diagnostics: clinical challenges, economic barriers and needed reforms,” Trusheim, Mark R., M.J. Finley Austin, Carsten Rausch and Ernst R. Berndt. Pharmacogenomics Vol. 14, No. 3 (2013): 325-334. (2013)

“Winners and Losers From the Zaltrap Price Discount: Unintended Consequences?” Conti, Rena M. and Ernst R. Berndt. Health Affairs Blog. Project Hope, February 2013.

“Economic Challenges and Possible Policy Actions to Advance Stratified Medicine.” Trusheim, Mark R. and Ernst R.Berndt. Personalized Medicine Vol. 9, No. 4 (2012): 413-427. (2012)

“The Unbundling of Advertising Agency Services: An Economic Analysis." Review of Marketing Science Vol. 10, No. 1 (2012.)  (2012)

"The Segmentation of Therapeutic Populations in Oncology.” Trusheim, Mark R. and Ernst R. Berndt. Health Management, Policy and Innovation Vol. 1, No. 1 (2012): 19-34.  (2012)

"Pricing and Reimbursement in U.S. Pharmaceutical Markets." Berndt, Ernst R. and Joseph P. Newhouse. In The Oxford Handbook on the Economics of the Biopharmaceutical Industry, edited by Patricia M. Danzon and Sean N. Nicholson, 201-265. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2012.

"Advance Market Commitment for Pneumococcal Vaccines: Moving from Theory to Practice." Tania Cernuschi, Eliane Furrer, Nina Schwalbe, Andrew Jones, Ernst R. Berndt and Susan McAdams. (2011)

“A Primer on the Economics of Prescription Pharmaceutical Pricing in Health Insurance Markets." Berndt, Ernst R., Thomas G. McGuire and Joseph P. Newhouse. Forum for Health Economics & Policy Vol. 14, No. 2 (2011.) (2011)

“Quantifying Factors for the Success of Stratified Medicine.” Trusheim, Mark R., Breon Burgess, Sean Xinghua Hu, Theresa Long, Steven D. Averbuch, Aiden A. Flynn, Alfons Lieftucht, Abhijit Mazumder, Judy Milloy, Peter Shaw, David Swank, Jian Wang, Ernst R. Berndt, Federico Goodsaid and Michael C. Palmer. Nature Reviews: Drug Discovery Vol. 10 (2011): 817-833.  (2011)

“Economic Perspectives On The Advance Market Commitment For Pneumococcal Vaccines,” Snyder, Christopher M., Mark William Begor and Ernst R. Berndt. Health Affairs Vol. 30, No. 8 (2011): 1508-1517.  (2011)

“An Overview of Henry Grabowski’s Scholarly Contributions.” Berndt, Ernst R.. International Journal of the Economics of Business Vol. 18, No. 2 (2011): 151-154. (2011)

“Brand Loyalty, Generic Entry and Price Competition in Pharmaceuticals in the Quarter Century after the 1984 Waxman-Hatch Legislation.” Berndt, Ernst R. and Murray L. Aitken. International Journal of the Economics of Business Vol. 18, No. 2 (2011): 177-201.  (2011)

“Diffusion of New Drugs in the Post-TRIPS Era.” Berndt, Ernst R., Nathan Blalock and Iain M. Cockburn. International Journal of the Economics of Business Vol. 18, No. 2 (2011): 203-224.  (2011)

"Medicare Part D at Age Five: What Has Happened to Seniors’ Prescription Drug Prices?" Murray L. Aitken and Ernst R. Berndt. (2011)

Quality Adjustment for Healthcare Spending on Chronic Disease: Evidence from Diabetes Treatment, 1999-2009." Shah, Nilay D., Karen N. Eggleston, Steven A. Smith, Ernst R. Berndt and Joseph P. Newhouse. American Economic Review Vol. 101, No. 3 (2011): 206-211. (2011)

"Health Economics of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Strategies for Managed Care." Charles R. Marmar and Ernst R. Berndt. (2011)

"The Diversity of Concentrated Prescribing Behavior: An Application to Antipsychotics." Taub, Anna A. Levine, Anton Kolotilin, Robert S. Gibbons and Ernst R. Berndt, NBER Working Paper No. 16823. February 2011.

“Bridging the Gap: Improving Clinical Development and the Regulatory Pathways for Health Products for Neglected Diseases.” Bollyky, Thomas J., Iain M. Cockburn and Ernst R. Berndt. Clinical Trials Vol. 7, No. 6 (2010): 719-734.  (2010)

“Characterizing Markets for Biopharmaceutical Innovations: Do Biologics Differ from Small Molecules?”Ernst R. Berndt, Mark R. Trusheim and Murray L. Aitken. In Forum for Health Economics & Policy, edited by Dana Goldman. Berlin, Germany: June 2010.

“Comment on Can A Disease-Based Price Index Improve the Estimation of the Medical CPI?" Berndt, Ernst R. In Price Index Concepts and Measurement, edited by W. Erwin Diewert, John Greenlees and Charles Hulten, 369-372. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2009. 

“The Net Value of Health Care for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes, 1997 to 2005.” Eggleston, Karen N., Nilay D. Shah, Steven A. Smith, Amy E. Wagie, Arthur R. Williams, Jerome H. Grossman, Ernst R. Berndt, Kirsten Hall Long, Ritesh Banerjee and Joseph P. Newhouse . Annals of Internal Medicine Vol. 151, No. 6 (2009): 386-393. (2009)

U.S. Markets for Vaccines: Characteristics, Case Studies, and Controversies. ​Berndt, Ernst R., Rena N. Denoncourt and Anjli C. Warner. Washington, DC: AEI Press for the American Enterprise Institute, 2009.

“Early Retirement and DI/SSI Applications: Exploring the Impact of Depression," Conti, Rena, Ernst R. Berndt and Richard G. Frank. In Health In Older Ages: The Causes and Consequences of Declining Disability Among the Elderly, edited by David A. Wise and David M. Cutler, 381-408.  (2009)

“Generic Entry, Reformulations, and Promotion of SSRIs.” Huskamp, Haiden A., Julie M. Donohue, Catherine Koss, Ernst R. Berndt and Richard G. Frank. PharmacoEconomics Vol. 26, No. 7 (2008) 603-616. (2008)

“Cost-Benefit Analysis of the FDA: The Case of the Prescription Drug User Fee Acts,” Philipson, Tomas, Ernst R. Berndt, Adrian H. B. Gottschalk and Eric Sun. Journal of Public Economics Vol. 92, No. 6 (2008): 1306-1325.  (2008)

“Direct-to-Consumer Advertising in Health Care: An Overview of Economic Issues.” Berndt, Ernst R. and Julie M. Donohue. In Incentives and Choice in Health Care, edited by Frank A. Sloan and Hershel Kasper, 131-162. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2008. 

"Zvi Griliches (1930-1999).” Berndt, Ernst R. In The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, edited by Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. 

“Prescription Drug Spending Trends in the U.S.: Looking Beyond the Turning Point," Aitken, Murray L., Ernst R. Berndt and David M. Cutler. Health Affairs Vol. 28, No. 1 (2008): 151-160. (2008)

“Economic Incentives and Contracts: The Use of Psychotropic Medications,” Ling, Davina C., Ernst R. Berndt and Richard G. Frank. Contemporary Economic Policy Vol. 26, No. 1 (2008): 49-72.  (2008)

“Trends in the Globalization of Clinical Trials.” Thiers, Fabio A., Ernst R. Berndt and Anthony J. Sinskey. Nature Reviews: Drug Discovery, Nature Reviews: Drug Discovery Vol. 7 (2008): 13-14.  (2008)

“Antihypertensive Drugs: A Perspective on the Value of Improved Blood Pressure Control in the USA.” Long, Genia, David M. Cutler and Ernst R. Berndt. European Heart Journal Vol. 9 (2007): B19-B22.  (2007)

Hard-to-Measure Goods and Services: Essays in Honor of Zvi Griliches. Berndt, Ernst R. and Charles R. Hulten. Chicago, IL. University of Chicago Press, 2007. 

“Price Indexes for Microsoft’s Personal Computer Software Products,” Abel, Jaison R., Ernst R. Berndt and Alan G.White. Chapter 9 in Ernst R. Berndt and Charles M. Hulten, eds., Hard-to-Measure Goods and Services: Essays in Honor of Zvi Griliches, National Bureau of Economic Research, Studies in Income and Wealth, Vol. 67, Chicago: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2007, pp. 269-289.

“Faster, Smaller, Cheaper: An Hedonic Price Analysis of PDAs,” Chwelos, Paul D., Ernst R. Berndt and Iain Cockburn. Applied Economics Vol. 40, No. 22 (2007): 2839-2856. (2007)

“The December Effect in FDA Drug Approvals: Assessing the Submissions Echo Hypothesis.” Graham, James B. and Ernst R. Berndt. Drug Information Journal Vol. 41, No. 5 (2007): 653-659.  (2007)

“A Primer on the Economics of the Re-Importation of Prescription Drugs.” Berndt, Ernst R.. Managerial and Decision Economics Vol. 28, No. 4-5 (2007): 415-435. (2007)

“Dynamic Competition in Pharmaceuticals: Cross-National Evidence from New Drug Diffusion.” Berndt, Ernst R., Patricia M. Danzon and Gregory B. Kruse. Managerial and Decision Economics Vol. 28, No. 4 (2007): 231-250. (2007)

“Medicare Part D and Prescription Drug Prices.” Berndt, Ernst R. and Richard G. Frank. Survey of Current Business Vol. 87, No. 6 (2007): 59-71.  (2007)

“Stratified Medicine: Strategic and Economic Implications of Combining Drugs and Clinical Biomarkers.” Trusheim, Mark R., Ernst R. Berndt and Frank L. Douglas. Nature Reviews: Drug Discovery Vol. 6, No. 4 (2007): 287-293. (2007)

"Advance Market Commitments for Vaccines Against Neglected Diseases: Estimating Costs and Effectiveness." Berndt, Ernst R., Rachel Glennerster, Michael R. Kremer, Jean Lee, Ruth Levine, Georg Weizsäcker and Heidi Williams. Health Economics Vol. 16, No. 5 (2007): 491-511. (2007)

“Advance Market Commitments for Vaccines Against Neglected Diseases: Estimating Costs and Effectiveness.”  Berndt, Ernst R., Rachel Glennerster, Michael R. Kremer, Jean Lee, Ruth Levine, Georg Weizsäcker and Heidi Williams. Health Economics Vol. 16, No. 5 (2007): 491-511.  (2007)

“Authorized Generic Drugs, Price Competition and Consumers’ Welfare.” Berndt, Ernst R., Richard Mortimer, Ashoke Bhattacharjya, Andrew Parece and Edward Tuttle. Health Affairs Vol. 26, No. 3 (2007): 790-799. (2007)

“The United States’ Experience with Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs: What Have We Learned?" Berndt, Ernst R. In Pharmaceutical Innovation: Incentives, Competition, and Cost-Benefit Analysis in International Perspective, edited by Chee-Ruey Hsieh and Frank A. Sloan, 174-195. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2007. 

“The Value of Antihypertensive Drugs: A Perspective on Medical Innovation.” Cutler, David M., Genia Long, Ernst R. Berndt, Jimmy Royer, Andrée-Anne Fournier, Alicia Sasser and Pierre Cremieux. Health Affairs Vol. 26, No. 1 (2007): 97-110.  (2007)

“Objective and Self-Report Work Performance Measures: A Comparative Analysis.” Pransky, Glenn, Stan Finkelstein, Ernst Berndt, Margaret Kyle, Joan Mackell and Dan Tortorice. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management Vol. 55, No. 5 (2006)" 390-399.  (2006)

“Real Output in Mental Health Care During the 1990s.” Berndt, Ernst R., Alisa B. Busch, Richard G. Frank and Sharon-Lise Normand. Forum for Health Economics and Policy Vol. 9, No. 1 (2007.)  (2006)

“The Impact of Incremental Innovation on Biopharmaceuticals: Drug Utilization in Original and Supplemental Indications.” Berndt, Ernst R., Iain M. Cockburn and Karen A. Grepin. PharmacoEconomics Vol. 24, No.S2 (2006): 69-86.  (2006)

“Opportunities for Improving the Drug Development Process: Results from a Survey of Industry and the FDA.” Berndt, Ernst R., Adrian H. B. Gottschalk and Matthew W. Strobeck. In Innovation Policy and the Economy, edited by Adam B. Jaffe, Josh Lerner and Scott Stern, 91-121. Cambridge, MA: NBER Innovation Policy and the Economy, 2006. 

“How Safe Is Too Safe? Public Safety Versus Innovation at the FDA.” Philipson, Tomas A., Ernst R. Berndt, Adrian H. B. Gottschalk and Matthew W. Strobeck. Milken Institute Review, Vol. 8, No. 2 (2006): 38-45. (2006)

“The Boskin Commission After A Decade: After-life or Requiem?”, Berndt, Ernst R. International Productivity Monitor Vol. 12 (2006): 61-73.  (2006)

“Hedonic Price Indexes for Personal Computer Operating Systems and Productivity Suites.” White, Alan G., Jaison R. Abel, Ernst R. Berndt and Cory W. Monroe. Annales d’Economie et de Statistique, Special Issue in Memory of Zvi Griliches Vol. 79/80 (2005): 787-807. (2005)

"Review of Inside the FDA: The Business and Politics Behind the Drugs We Take and the Food We Eat." Berndt, Ernst R. Review of Inside the FDA: The Business and Politics Behind the Drugs We Take and the Food We Eat, by Fran Hawthorne. New England Journal of Medicine, September 15, 2005. 

“Collaborate to Compete?” Berndt, Ernst R. BioPharm International, September 2005.

“Holding Companies: Size-Related Cost Economies.” Silk, Alvin J. and Ernst R. Berndt. Admap No. 464 (2005): 51-53. (2005)

“Panel Data Analysis of U.S. Coal Productivity.” Stoker, Thomas M., Ernst R. Berndt, A. Denny Ellerman and Susanne M. Schennach. Journal of Econometrics Vol. 127, No. 2 (2005): 131-164. (2005)

“Industry Funding of the FDA: Effects of PDUFA on Approval Times and Withdrawal Rates.” Berndt, Ernst R., Adrian H. B. Gottschalk, Tomas J. Philipson and Matthew W. Strobeck. Nature Reviews: Drug Discovery Vol. 4, No. 7 (2005): 545-554. (2005)

“Reductions in Anaemia and Fatigue are Associated with Improvements in Productivity in Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy.” Berndt, Ernst R., Joel Kallich, Anne McDermott, Xiao Xu, Howard Lee and John Glaspy. Pharmacoeconomics Vol. 23, No. 5 (2005): 505-514. (2005)

“Vaccine Advance-Purchase Agreements for Low-Income Countries: Practical Issues.” Berndt, Ernst R. and John A. Hurvitz. Health Affairs Vol. 24, No. 3 (2005): 653-665. (2005)

"The Economic Burden of Anemia in Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy.” Lyman, Gary H. Ernst R. Berndt, Joel D. Kallich, M. Haim Erder, William H. Crown, Stacey R. Long, Howard Lee, Xue Song and Stan N. Finkelstein. Value In Health Vol. 8, No. 2 (2005): 149-156. (2005)

“The Impact of Anaemia and its Treatment on Employee Disability and Medical Costs.” Berndt, Ernst R., William H. Crown, Joel D. Kallich, Stacey R. Long, Xue Song and Gary H. Lyman. PharmacoEconomics Vol. 23, No. 2 (2005): 183-192. (2005)

"To Inform or Persuade? Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs.” Berndt, Ernst R.. Perspective, New England Journal of Medicine Vol. 352, No. 4 (2005): 325-328. (2005)

“Assessing the Impacts of the Prescription Drug User Fee Acts (PDUFA) on the FDA Approval Process.” Berndt, Ernst R., Adrian H. B. Gottschalk, Tomas Philipson and Matthew W. Strobeck. In Forum for Health Economics and Policy, edited by David M. Cutler and Alan M. Garber. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter, 2005. 

“Performance Decrements Resulting from Illness in the Workplace: The Effect of Headaches.” Pransky, Glenn S., Ernst R. Berndt, Stanley N. Finkelstein, S. Verma and Ashwini Agrawal. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Vol. 47, No. 1 (2005): 34-40. (2005)

"Economic Impacts of Anxiety Disorders: A Review." Berndt, Ernst R. and Tamar Sisitsky. Mental Fitness: The Science of Mental Wellness, December 2004.

“Effects of Pharmaceutical Promotion on Adherence to Guideline Treatment of Depression.” Donohue, Julie M., Ernst R. Berndt, Meredith Rosenthal, Arnold M. Epstein and Richard G. Frank. Medical Care Vol. 42, No. 12 (2004): 1176-1185. (2004)

“Unemployment, Job Retention and Productivity Loss Among Employees with Depression,” Lerner, Debra, David A. Adler, Hong Chang, Leueen Lapitsky, Maggie Y. Hood, Carla Perrisinotto, John Reed, Thomas J. McLaughlin, Ernst R. Berndt and William H. Rogers. Psychiatric Services Vol. 55, No. 12 (2004): 1371-1378. (2004)

“Changes In The Costs of Treating Mental Health Disorders: An Overview Of Recent Research Findings.” Berndt, Ernst R. PharmacoEconomics Vol. 22, No. S2 (2004): 37-50. (2004)

“Effects of Direct-to-Consumer Advertising on Medication Choice: The Case of Antidepressants.” Donohue, Julie M. and Ernst R. Berndt. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing Vol. 23, No. 2 (2004): 115-127. (2004)

“Benefit Plan Design, and Prescription Drug Utilization Among Asthmatics: Do Patient Copayments Matter?” Crown, William H., Ernst R. Berndt, Onur Baser, Stan N. Finkelstein, Whitney P. Witt, Jonathan Maguire and Kenan E. Haver. In Frontiers in Health Policy, edited by Alan M. Garber and David M. Cutler, 95- 127. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press for the NBER, 2004.

“Quality-Constant Prices for the Ongoing Treatment of Schizophrenia: An Exploratory Study.” Frank, Richard G., Ernst R. Berndt, Alisa Busch, and Anthony F. Lehman. Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance Vol. 44, No. 3 (2004): 390-409. (2004)

“Holding Company Cost Economies in the Global Advertising and Marketing Services Business.” Silk, Alvin J. and Ernst R. Berndt. Review of Marketing Science Vol. 2, No. 1 (2004.) (2004)

"The Clinical and Occupational Correlates of Work Productivity Loss Among Employed Patients with Depression.” Lerner, Debra, David A. Adler, Hong Chang, Ernst R. Berndt, Julie T. Irish, Leueen Lapitsky, Maggie Y. Hood, John Reed and William H. Rogers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Vol. 46, No. 6 (2004): 546-555. (2004)

“Cost Economies in the Global Advertising and Marketing Services Business.” Silk, Alvin J. and Ernst R. Berndt. In The Global Market: Developing a Strategy to Manage Across Borders,  (2004)

“Prescriber Intent, Off-Label Usage, and Early Discontinuation of Antidepressants.” Pomerantz, Jay M., Stan N. Finkelstein, Ernst R. Berndt, Amy W. Poret, Leon E. Walker, Robert C. Alber, Vidya Kadiyam, Mitali Das, David T. Boss and Thomas H. Ebert. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry Vol. 65, No. 3 (2004): 395-404. (2004)

"Unique Issues Raised by Drug Benefit Design.” Berndt, Ernst R. Health Affairs Vol. 23, No. 1 (2004): 103-106. (2004)

"Consumption Externalities and Diffusion in Pharmaceutical Markets: Anti-Ulcer Drugs." Berndt, Ernst, Pierre Azoulay and Robert Pindyck. Journal of Industrial Economics Vol. 51, No. 2 (2003): 243-270. (2003)

"Demand Effects of Recent Changes in Prescription Drug Promotion." Rosenthal, Meredith B., Ernst R. Berndt, Julie M. Donohue, Arnold M. Epstein and Richard G. Frank. In Frontiers in Health Policy Research, edited by Alan M. Garber, 1-26. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2003. 

“The Relationship of Employee-Reported Work Limitations to Work Productivity.” Lerner, Debra, Benjamin C. Amick III, Jennifer C. Lee, Ted Rooney, William H. Rogers, Hong Chang and Ernst R. Berndt. Medical Care Vol. 41, No. 5 (2003): 649-659. (2003)

“Healthcare Expenditures in Patients Treated with Venlaxafine or Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Depression and Anxiety.” Wan, George J., William H. Crown, Ernst R. Berndt, Stan N. Finkelstein and Davina Ling. International Journal of Clinical Practice Vol. 56, No. 6 (2002): 434-439.  (2002)

"The Impact of Treatment-Resistant Depression on Healthcare Utilization and Costs.” Crown, William H., Stan N. Finkelstein, Ernst R. Berndt, Davina C. Y. Ling, Amy W. Poret and A. John Rush. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry Vol. 63, No. 11 (2002): 963-971. (2002)

“Deregulating Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Prescription Drugs: Effects on Prescription and Over-the-Counter Product Sales.” Ling, Davina C., Ernst R. Berndt and Margaret K. Kyle. Journal of Law and Economics Vol. 14, No. 2 (2002): 691-723.  (2002)

"Measuring the Costs and Benefits of Pharmaceutical Expenditures." Crown, William H., Davina Ling and Ernst R. Berndt. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics Outcomes Research Vol. 2, No. 5 (2002): 89-97. (2002)

“Labor Force Activity in Cancer Patients with Anemia.” Berndt, Ernst R. and William H. Crown. Quality of Life in Oncology (2002.) (2002)

“Pharmaceuticals in U.S. Health Care: Determinants of Quantity and Price.” Berndt, Ernst R. Journal of Economic Perspectives Vol. 16, No. 4 (2002): 45-66. (2002)

"An Analysis of the Diffusion of New Antidepressants: Variety, Quality, and Marketing Efforts." Berndt, Ernst R., Ashoke Bhattacharjya, David Mishol, Almudena Arcelus and Thomas Lasky. The Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics Vol. 5, No. 1 (2002): 3-17.  (2002)

"Depression Treatment: A Life-Long Commitment?" Keller, Martin B. and Ernst R. Berndt. Psychopharmacology Bulletin Vol. 36, S2 (2002): 1-9. (2002)

"Intermedia Substitutability in the U.S. National Advertising Market." Silk, Alvin J., Lisa R. Klein and Ernst R. Berndt. Review of Industrial Organization Vol. 20, No. 4 (2002): 323-348.  (2002)

“The Medical Treatment of Depression, 1991-1996: Productive Inefficiency, Expected Outcome Variations and Price Indexes.” Berndt, Ernst R., Anupa Bir, Susan H. Busch, Richard G. Frank and Sharon-Lise T. Normand. Journal of Health Economics Vol. 21, No. 3 (2002): 373-396. (2002)

“Promotion of Prescription Drugs to Consumers,” Rosenthal, Meredith B., Ernst R. Berndt, Julie M. Donohue, Richard G. Frank and Arnold M. Epstein. New England Journal of Medicine Vol. 346, No. 7 (2002): 498-505. (2002)

“The Long Shadow of Patent Expiration: Generic Entry and Rx to OTC Switches.” Berndt, Ernst R., Margaret Kyle and Davina Ling. In Scanner Data and Price Indexes, edited by Matthew D. Shapiro and Robert C. Feenstra, 229-267. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2002.

Trends in Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs. Frank, Richard G., Ernst R. Berndt, Julie M. Donohue, Arnold M. Epstein and Meredith B. Rosenthal. Menlo Park, CA: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2002.

“Research on Price Index Measurement: Agendas for the Next Twenty Years.” Berndt, Ernst R. (ed.) Journal of Economic and Social Measurement Vol. 27, No. 3/4 (2001): 99-130. (2001)

“The Emerging Position of the Internet as an Advertising Medium.” Silk, Alvin J., Lisa R. Klein and Ernst R. Berndt. Netnomics Vol. 3, No. 2 (2001) 129-148. (2001)

"Sources of Productivity Growth in the American Coal Industry." Ellerman, A. Denny, Thomas M. Stoker and Ernst R. Berndt. In New Developments in Productivity Analysis: Studies in Income and Wealth, edited by Charles R. Hulten, Edwin M. Dean and Michael J. Harper, 373-414. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2001. 

“Creating Price Indexes for Measuring Productivity in Mental Health Care.” Busch, Susan H., Ernst R. Berndt and Richard G. Frank. In Frontiers in Health Policy Research, edited by Alan M. Garber, 115-147. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2001.

“Reducing the Societal Costs of Depression: Opportunities in the Millennium.” Berndt, Ernst R. In Depression: Social and Economic Timebomb, edited by Ann Dawson and Andre Tyler, 131-141. London, England: BMJ Publishing Group for the World Health Organization, 2001.

“Price and Quality of Desktop and Mobile Personal Computers: A Quarter Century Historical Overvie.” Berndt, Ernst R. and Neal J. Rappaport. American Economic Review Vol. 91, No. 2 (2001): 268-273.  (2001)

“Introduction.” Cutler, David M. and Ernst R. Berndt. In Medical Care Output and Productivity, Studies in Income and Wealth, edited by David M. Cutler and Ernst R. Berndt, 1-11. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2001.

Medical Care Output and Productivity, Studies in Income and Wealth. Cutler, David M. and Ernst R. Berndt. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2001. 

"Price Indexes for Acute Phase Treatment of Depression." Berndt, Ernst R., Susan H. Busch and Richard G. Frank. In Medical Care Output and Productivity, Studies in Income and Wealth, edited by David M. Cutler and Ernst R. Berndt, 463-505. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2001.

"Price Indexes for Medical Care Goods and Services: An Overview of Measurement Issues." Berndt, Ernst R. Berndt, Ernst R., David Cutler, Richard G. Frank, Zvi Griliches, Joseph P. Newhouse and Jack E. Triplett. In Medical Care Output and Productivity, Studies in Income and Wealth, edited by David M. Cutler and Ernst R. Berndt, 141- 198. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2001.

"The U.S. Pharmaceutical Industry: Why Significant Growth in Times of Cost Containment?’” Berndt, Ernst R. Health Affairs Vol. 20, No. 2 (2001): 100-114. (2001)

“On the Economic Impacts of Medical Treatments: Work Productivity and Functioning.” Bernt, Ernst R. (December 2000). Estudios de Economia Vol. 27, No. 2 (2000): 81-198.

"Medical Care Prices and Output." Berndt, Ernst R., David Cutler, Richard G. Frank, Zvi Griliches, Joseph P. Newhouse and Jack E. Triplett. In Handbook of Health Economics, edited by Anthony C. Culyer and Joseph P. Newhouse, 119-180. North Holland, Amsterdam: Elsevier Science B.V., 2000.

“Health Care Use and At-Work Productivity Among Employees With Mental Disorders.” Berndt, Ernst R., Howard L. Bailit, Martin B. Keller, Jason C. Verner and Stan N. Finkelstein. Health Affairs Vol. 19, No. 4 (2000): 244-256.  (2000)

"Lost Human Capital from Early-Onset Chronic Depression." Berndt, Ernst R., Lorrin Koran, Stan N. Finkelstein, Alan Gelenberg, Susan G. Kornstein, Ivan M. Miller, Michael Thase, George Trapp and Martin B. Keller. American Journal of Psychiatry Vol. 157, No. 6 (2000): 940-947. (2000)

”Comparing SSRI Treatment Costs for Depression Using Retrospective Claims Data: The Role of Non-Random Selection and Skewed Data,” Berndt, Ernst R., James M. Russell, Robert M. Miceli, Salvatore Colucci, Yikand Xu, and Amy N. Grudzinski (May/June 2000). Value in Health, 3(3): 208-221.

“International Pharmaceutical Price Comparisons: What Have We Learned, and What Does It Mean?” Berndt, Ernst R. Journal of Health Economics Vol. 19, No. 2 (2000): 283-287. (2000)

"Pepcid AC(A): Racing to the OTC Market." Charles King III, Alvin J. Silk, Lisa R. Klein and Ernst R. Berndt. (2000)

"Cost-Effectiveness, Quality-Adjusted Life Years, and Supportive Care: Recombinant Human Erythropoietin as Treatment of Cancer-Associated Anemia," Cremieux, Pierre-Yves, Stan N. Finkelstein, Ernst R. Berndt, Jeffrey Crawford and Mitchell B. Slavin. Pharmacoeconomics Vol. 16, No. 5 (1999): 459-472. (1999)

“Loss of Work Productivity Due to Illness and Medical Treatment,” Cockburn, Iain M., Howard L. Bailit, Ernst R. Berndt and Stan N. Finkelstein. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Vol. 41, No. 11 (1999): 948-953. (1999)

“Introduction: New Developments in Measuring Medical Care.” Triplett, Jack E. and Ernst R. Berndt. In Measuring the Prices of Medical Treatments, edited by Jack E. Triplett, 1-33. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1999.

“Price Indexes for the Treatment of Depression.” Frank, Richard G., Ernst R. Berndt and Susan H. Busch. In Measuring the Prices of Medical Treatments, edited by Jack E. Triplett, 72-102. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1999.

“The Economic Burden of Anxiety Disorders in the 1990’s.” Greenberg, Paul E., Tamar Sisitsky, Ronald C. Kessler, Stan N. Finkelstein, Ernst R. Berndt, Jonathan R. T. Davidson, James C. Ballenger and Abby J. Fyer. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry Vol. 60, No. 7 (1999): 427-435.  (1999)

“Course and Cost of  Treatment for Depression with Fluoxetine, Paroxetine and Sertraline.” Russell, James M., Ernst R. Berndt, Robert M. Miceli and Salvatore Colucci. American Journal of Managed Care Vol. 5, No. 5 (1999) 597-606.  (1999)

"When Antihistamines go to Work." Cockburn, Iain M., Howard L. Bailit, Ernst R. Berndt and Stan N. Finkelstein. Business and Health Vol. 17, No. 3 (1999): 49-50. (1999)

"Prescription Drug Prices for the Elderly," Berndt, Ernst R., Iain M. Cockburn, Douglas L. Cocks, Arnold Epstein and Zvi Griliches.  Monthly Labor Review Vol. 121, No. 9 (1998): 23-34. (1998)

"Workplace Performance Effects from Chronic Depression and Its Treatment." Berndt, Ernst R., Stan N. Finkelstein, Paul E. Greenberg, Robert H. Howland, Alison Keith, A. John Rush, James Russell and Martin B. Keller. Journal of Health Economics Vol. 17, No. 5 (1998): 511-535. (1998)

"Is Price Inflation Different for the Elderly? An Empirical Analysis of Prescription Drugs." Berndt, Ernst R., Iain M. Cockburn, Douglas L. Cocks, Arnold M. Epstein, M.D. and Zvi Griliches. In Frontiers in Health Policy Research, edited by Alan Garber, 33-75. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 1998. 

"Measuring Prices and Quantities of Treatments for Depression," Frank, Richard G., Susan H. Busch and Ernst R. Berndt. American Economic Review Vol. 88, No. 2 (2998): 106-111. (1998)

"Workplace Illness: Calculating Return on Investment from Reducing Workplace Illness." Greenberg, Paul E., Stan N. Finkelstein, Ernst R. Berndt, Andrew M. Baker and James M. Russell. Drug Benefit Trends (1998): 44-47.  (1998)

"Comment on Martin Neil Baily and Alan M. Garber, ‘Health Care Productivity.’" Berndt, Ernst R. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, December 1997.

"The Next Phase of Managed Care: Targeting Investments in Employee Health." Berndt, Ernst R., Stan N. Finkelstein, and Paul E. Greenberg. On Managed Care Vol. 2, No. 11 (1997): 7-8.  (1997)

"The Roles of Marketing, Product Quality and Price Competition in the Growth and Composition of the U.S. Anti-Ulcer Drug Industry." Berndt, Ernst R., Linda T. Bui, David H. Reiley, and Glen L. Urban. In The Economics of New Products, Studies in Income and Wealth, edited by Robert J. Gordon and Timothy F. Bresnahan, 277-322. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 1997. 

"Alternative Insurance Arrangements and the Treatment of Depression: What Are The Facts?" Berndt, Ernst R., Richard G. Frank and Thomas G. McGuire. American Journal of Managed Care Vol. 3, No. 2 (1997): 135-143. (1997)

"Depression in the Workplace: An Economic Perspective." Greenberg, Paul E., Ronald C. Kessler, Tara L. Nells, Stan N. Finkelstein and Ernst R. Berndt. In Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, edited by J. P. Feighner and W. F. Boyers, 327-363. Chichester, England: John Wiley and Sons, 1996.

"Pharmaceutical Innovations and Market Dynamics: Tracking Effects on Price Indexes for Antidepressant Drugs." Berndt, Ernst R., Iain M. Cockburn, and Zvi Griliches. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity: Microeconomics Vol. 1996 (1996): 133-188.

"System Average Rates of U.S. Investor-Owned Electric Utilities: A Statistical Benchmark Study." Berndt, Ernst R., Roy Epstein and Michael Doane. The Energy Journal Vol. 17, No. 3 (1996): 1-21. (1996)

"Improvement in Subjective Work Performance After Treatment of Chronic Depression: Some Preliminary Results." Finkelstein, Stan N., Ernst R. Berndt, Paul E. Greenberg, Rod A. Parsley, James M. Russell and Martin B. Keller. Psychopharmacology Bulletin Vol.32, No. 1 (1996): 33-40.  (1996)

"Calculating the Workplace Cost of Chronic Disease." Greenberg, Paul E., Stan N. Finkelstein and Ernst R. Berndt. Business & Health: Medical Economics Vol. 13, No. 9 (1995): 27-30.  (1995)

"Electric Utility Rates and the Evaluation of Management Performance," Berndt, Ernst R., Michael Doane and Roy G. Epstein. The Electricity Journal Vol. 8, No. 7 (1995): 69-77. (1995)

"Econometric Estimates of Price Indexes for Personal Computers in the 1990's." Berndt, Ernst R., Zvi Griliches and Neal Rappaport. Journal of Econometrics Vol. 68, No. 1 (1995): 243-268. (1995)

"Economic Consequences of Illness in the Workplace." Greenberg, Paul E., Stan N. Finkelstein and Ernst R. Berndt. Sloan Management Review, 26-38. (1995)

"An Updated and Extended Study of the Price Growth of Prescription Pharmaceutical Preparations." Berndt, Ernst R. and Paul E. Greenberg. In Competitive Strategies in the Pharmaceutical Industry, edited by Robert B. Helms, 35-48. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1995. 

"Information, Marketing and Pricing in the U.S. Anti-Ulcer Drug Market," Berndt, Ernst R., Linda T. Bui, David H. Reiley and Glen L. Urban. American Economic Review Vol. 85, No. 2 (1995): 100-105. (1995)

"Information Technology and the Productivity Paradox," Berndt, Ernst R. and Thomas W. Malone. Economics of Innovation and New Technology Vol. 3, No. 3 (1995): 177-182.  (1995)

"High-Tech Capital Formation and Economic Performance in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: An Exploratory Analysis." Berndt, Ernst R. and Catherine J. Morrison. Journal of Econometrics Vol. 65, No. 1 (1995): 9-43. (1995)

"Costs, Institutional Mobility Barriers, and Market Structure: Advertising Agencies as Multiproduct Firms," Silk, Alvin J. and Ernst R. Berndt. Journal of Economics and Management Strategy Vol. 4, No. 4 (1994): 437-480. (1994)

Uniform Pharmaceutical Pricing: An Economic Analysis. Berndt, Ernst R. Washington DC: AEI Press, 1994.

"Depression: A Neglected Major Illness," Greenberg, Paul E., Laura E. Stiglin, Stan N. Finkelstein and Ernst R. Berndt. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry Vol. 54, No. 11 (1993): 419-424. (1993)

"The Economic Burden of Depression in 1990," Greenberg, Paul E., Laura E. Stiglin, Stan N. Finkelstein and Ernst R. Berndt. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry Vol. 54, No. 11 (1993):405-418. (1993)

"Price Indexes for Microcomputers: An Exploratory Study." Berndt, Ernst R., and Zvi Griliches. In Price Measurements and their Uses, Studies in Income and Wealth, 63-93. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 1993. 

"Auditing the Producer Price Index: Micro Evidence from Prescription Pharmaceutical Preparations," Berndt, Ernst R., Zvi Griliches and Joshua G. Rosett. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics Vol. 11, No. 3 (1993): 251-264. (1993)

"Cost Effects of Mergers and Deregulation in the U.S. Rail Industry." Berndt, Ernst R., Ann F. Friedlaender, Judy Shaw-Er Wang Chiang and Christopher A. Vellturo. Journal of Productivity Analysis Vol. 4, No. 2 (1993): 127-144. (1993)

"Rail Costs and Capital Adjustments in a Quasi-Regulated Environment." Friedlaender, Ann F., Ernst R. Berndt, Judy Shaw-Er Wang Chiang, Mark H. Showalter and Christopher A. Vellturo. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy Vol. 27, Vol. 2 (1993): 131-152.  (1993)

"A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation of the Box-Cox Model and a Nonlinear Least Squares Alternative." Berndt, Ernst R., Mark H. Showalter and Jeffrey M. Wooldridge. Econometric Reviews Vol. 12, No. 1 (1993): 65-102.  (1993)

"Measuring the Energy Efficiency and Productivity Impacts of Embodied Technical Change." Berndt, Ernst R., Charles Kolstad and Jong-Kun Lee. Energy Journal Vol. 14, No. 1 (1993): 33-55. (1993)

"Scale and Scope Effects on Advertising Agency Costs." Silk, Alvin J. and Ernst R. Berndt. Marketing Science Vol. 12, No. 1 (1993): 53-72.  (1993)

"Governance Structure, Managerial Characteristics, and Firm Performance in the Deregulated Rail Industry." Friedlaender, Ann F., Ernst R. Berndt and Gerard McCullough. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity: Microeconomics (1992): 95-169. (1992)

"Measuring the Contribution of Public Infrastructure Capital in Sweden," Berndt, Ernst R. and Bengt Hansson. Scandinavian Journal of Economics Vol. 94 (1992): S151-S168. (1992)

"Productivity Concepts and Measurement Problems: Welfare, Quality and Productivity in the Service Industries." Berndt, Ernst R., Peter Englund and Lennart Hjalmarsson, eds. In Scandinavian Journal of Economics. Stockholm, Sweden: Wiley, 1992.

Output Measurement in the Service Sectors. Griliches, Zvi, Ernst R. Berndt, Timothy F. Bresnahan and Marilyn E. Manser. Studies in Income and Wealth. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 1992.

"Deregulation, Mergers, and Cost Savings in Class I U.S. Railroads, 1974-1986." Vellturo, Christopher A., Ernst R. Berndt, Ann F. Friedlaender, Judy Shaw-Er Wang Chiang and Mark H. Showalter. Journal of Economics and Management Strategy Vol. 1, No. 2 (1992): 339-370. (1992)

"Comment on Charles R. Hulten, 'The Measurement of Capital.'" Berndt, Ernst R. In Fifty Years of Economic Measurement, edited by Ernst R. Berndt and Jack E. Triplett, 152-158. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 1991.

"Dynamic Models of Input Demands: A Comparison Under Different Formulations of Adjustment Costs." Watkins, G. Campbell and Ernst R. Berndt. In Advances in the Economics of Energy and Resources, edited by John R. Moroney, 161-190. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1991. 

Instructors Resource Guide to Accompany The Practice of Econometrics: Classic and Contemporary, Berndt, Ernst R. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1991.

The Practice of Econometrics: Classic and Contemporary. Berndt, Ernst R. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1991.

"Comment on Bronwyn Hall." Berndt, Ernst R. Microeconomics, December 1990.

"Energy Price Shocks and Productivity Growth in the Japanese and U.S. Manufacturing Sectors." Berndt, Ernst R., Shunseke Mori, Takamitsu Sawa and David O. Wood. In Productivity Growth in Japan and the United States, edited by Charles R. Hulten, 173-198. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 1990. 

"Energy Use, Technical Change and Productivity Growth: A Survey of Economic Issues." Bernt, Ernst R. Journal of Productivity Analysis Vol. 2, No. 1 (1990): 67-83. (1990)

Fifty Years of Economic Measurement: The Jubilee of the Conference on Research in Income and Wealth. Berndt, Ernst R. and Jack E. Triplett. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, 1990.

"Canadian Energy Demand After the Oil Shocks." Berndt, Ernst R. and Paul E. Greenberg. In Petro Markets: Probing the Economics of Continental Energy, edited by G. Campbell Watkins, 69-103. Vancouver, British Columbia: The Fraser Institute, 1989.

"Rates of Return and Capital Aggregation Using Alternative Rental Prices." Berndt, Ernst R., Michael J. Harper and David O. Wood. In Technology and Capital Formation, edited by Dale W. Jorgenson and Ralph Landau, 331-372. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1989. 

"Economic Capacity Utilization and Productivity Measurement for Multiproduct Firms with Multiple Quasi-Fixed Inputs." Berndt, Ernst R. and Melvyn A. Fuss, NBER Working Paper #3001-89. April 1989.

"Envelope Consistent Functional Separability." Berndt, Ernst R. In Dynamic Econometric Modeling, edited by Ernst R. Berndt, Halbert L. White and William A. Barnett, 27-41. Cambridge, England : Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Dynamic Econometric Modeling. ​Berndt, Ernst R., William A. Barnett, and Halbert L. White. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

"Demand Module." Berndt, Ernst R. and David O. Wood. In MIT Model Analysis Group, A Review of the State-Level Advanced Utility Simulation Model, edited by Ernst R. Berndt and David O. Wood. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, 1987.

"Interindustry Differences in the Effects of Energy Price-Induced Capital Utilization Changes on Multifactor Productivity Measurement." Berndt, Ernst R. and David O. Wood. In Advances in the Economics of Energy and Resources, edited by John Moroney, 87-123. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, 1987. 

"Energy Price Shocks and Productivity Growth: A Survey." Berndt, Ernst R. and David O. Wood. In Energy: Markets and Regulation, edited by Henry Jacoby, Martin Zimmerman and Richard Gordon, 305-342. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1987. 

"Electrification, Embodied Technical Progress, and Labor Productivity Growth in U.S. Manufacturing, 1889‑1939." Berndt, Ernst R. In Electricity Use, Productive Efficiency and Economic Growth, edited by Sam Schurr and Sidney Sonenblum, 93-114. Palo Alto, California: Electric Power Research Institute, 1986. 

"Editors' Introduction." Berndt, Ernst R. and Melvyn A. Fuss. Journal of Econometrics Vol. 33, No. 1 (1986): 1-5. (1986)

"Measuring and Assessing Capacity Utilization in the Manufacturing Sectors of Nine OECD Countries," Berndt, Ernst R. and Dieter M. Hesse. European Economic Review Vol. 30, No. 5 (1986): 961-989. (1986)

"Productivity Measurement with Adjustments for Variations in Capacity Utilization and Other Forms of Temporary Equilibrium," Berndt, Ernst R. and Melvyn A. Fuss. Journal of Econometrics Vol. 33, No. 1 (1986): 7-29. (1986)

"Energy Price Shocks and Productivity Growth in U.S. and U.K. Manufacturing." Berndt, Ernst R. and David O. Wood. Oxford Review of Economic Policy Vol. 2, No. 3 (1986): 1‑31. (1986)

"Modeling Energy Demand: The Choice Between Input and Output Energy Measures." Berndt, Ernst R. and G. Campbell Watkins. The Energy Journal Vol. 7, No. 2 (1986): 69-79. (1986)

"Review of Research and Productivity: Endogenous Technical Change." Berndt, Ernst R. Review of Research and Productivity: Endogenous Technical Change by Ryuzo Sato and Gilbert S. Suzawa. Journal of Economic Literature, March, 1986. 

"Book Review: Energy Modeling and Simulation." Berndt, Ernst R. Review of Energy Modeling and Simulation, by  A. S. Kydes. Journal of the American Statistical Association, December, 1985. 

"From Technocracy to Net Energy Analysis: Engineers, Economists and Recurring Energy Theories of Value." Berndt, Ernst R. In Progress in Natural Resource Economics, edited by Anthony D. Scott, 337-367. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1985. 

"Energy Demand in the Transportation Sector of Mexico." Berndt, Ernst R. and German Botero. Journal of Development Economics Vol. 17, No. 2 (1985): 219-238. (1985)

"Modeling the Aggregate Demand for Electricity: Simplicity vs. Virtuosity." Berndt, Ernst R. In Advances in the Economics of Energy and Resources, edited by John Moroney, 141-152. Greenwich, Connecticut: Jai Press, 1984. 

"Residential Electricity Demand in Mexico: A Model Distinguishing Access from Consumption," Berndt, Ernst R. and Ricardo Samaniego. Land Economics Vol. 60, No. 3 (1984): 268-277. (1984)

"Energy Price Changes and the Induced Revaluation of Durable Capital in U.S. Manufacturing." Ernst R. Berndt and David O. Wood. (1984)

"Concavity and the Specification of Technical Progress in U.S. Manufacturing." Berndt, Ernst R. and David O. Wood. In Econometrie et crise de l'energie, edited by J. Fericelli and J.-B. Lesourd. Paris, France: Economica, 1983. 

"Econometric Models of Energy Demand in the Transportation and Residential Sectors of Mexico." Berndt, Ernst R., German Botero, Enrique de Alba and Ricardo Samaniego. In Current Economic and Financial Issues of the North American and Caribbean Countries, edited by Edgar Ortiz, 20-27. San Angel, Mexico: North American Economics and Finance Association, 1983. 

"The Demand for Heavy Oil Derived from Asphalt." Berndt, Ernst R. and G. Campbell Watkins. In Heavy Versus Light Oil: Technical Issues and Economic Considerations, edited by Ragaei El Mallakh, 251-267. Boulder, Colorado: International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development, 1983. 

"Quality Adjustment, Hedonics, and Modern Empirical Demand Analysis." Ernst R. Berndt. In Price Level Measurement.: Proceedings from a Conference Sponsored by Statistics Canada, edited by W. Erwin Diewert and Claude Montemarquette. Ottawa, Canada: October 1983. 

"Energy-Output Coefficients: Complex Realities Behind Simple Ratios." Berndt, Ernst R. and G. Campbell Watkins. The Energy Journal Vol. 4, No. 2 (1983): 105-120.  (1983)

"A Review of the Energy Productivity Center's `Least-Cost Energy Strategy' Study." Ernst R. Berndt, David O. Wood, and Michael Manove (1983)

"An Investigation of the Relationship Between Energy and the Other Production Inputs in Canadian Manufacturing." Ernst R. Berndt and G. Campbell Watkins. (1983)

"The Specification and Measurement of Technical Change in U.S. Manufacturing." Berndt, Ernst R. and David O. Wood. In Advances in the Economics of Energy and Resources, edited by John R. Moroney, 199-221. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, 1982. 

"An Introductory Review of the Economics of Natural Resource Substitution." Berndt, Ernst R. and Barry C. Field. In Modeling and Measuring Natural Resource Substitution, edited by Ernst R. Berndt and Barry C. Field (1981)

"Energy Prices and Productivity Trends in the Canadian Manufacturing Sector, 1957-76: Some Exploratory Results." Ernst R. Berndt. (1981)

"Engineering and Econometric Interpretations of Energy-Capital Complementarity: Reply and Further Results." Berndt, Ernst R. and David O. Wood. American Economic Review Vol. 71, No. 5 (1981): 1105-1110. (1981)

"Modeling and Measuring Natural Resource Substitution." Berndt, Ernst R. and Barry C. Field. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1981.

"Modeling the Simultaneous Demand for Factors of Production." Berndt, Ernst R. In The Economics of the Labour Market, edited by Alfred P. Webb, Joseph W. Grice and Zmira Hornstein, 127-142. London, England: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1981. 

"Short Run Labor Productivity in a Dynamic Model." Morrison, Catherine J. and Ernst R. Berndt. Journal of Econometrics Vol. 16, No. 3 (1981): 339-365. (1981)

"Capacity Utilization Measures: Underlying Economic Theory and an Alternative Approach." Berndt, Ernst R. and Catherine J. Morrison. American Economic Review Vol. 71, No. 2 (1981): 48-51. (1981)

"An Econometric Model of Alberta Electricity Demand." Berndt, Ernst R., Gerry May, and G. Campbell Watkins. In Energy Policy Modelling: U.S. and Canadian Experiences, edited by E. Koenigsberg, Sandra L. Schwartz and William T. Ziemba, 103-116. Hingham, Massachusetts: Martinus-Nijhoff Press, Social Science Division, 1980.

​"Comment on Gollop and Jorgenson." Berndt, Ernst R. In New Developments in Productivity Measurement and Analysis. Studies in Income and Wealth, edited by John W. Kendrick and Beatrice N. Vaccara, 124-136. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press for National Bureau of Economic Research, 1980. 

Dynamic Adjustment Models of Industrial Energy Demand: Empirical Analysis for U.S. Manufacturing, 1947-1974. ​Berndt, Ernst R., Melvyn A. Fuss, and Leonard Waverman. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, 1990. (1980)

"On Testing Theories of Financial Intermediary Portfolio Selection." Berndt, Ernst R., Thomas H. McCurdy and David E. Rose. Review of Economic Studies Vol. 47, No. 5 (1980): 861-873.  (1980)

"Tax Normalization, Regulation and Economic Efficiency." Berndt, Ernst R., Jonathan R. Kesselman and G. Campbell Watkins. Journal of Business Administration Vol. 2, No. 1 (1980): 171-183.  (1980)

"Energy Price Increases and the Productivity Slowdown in United States Manufacturing." Ernst R. Berndt. In Proceedings of The Decline in Productivity Growth. Boston, MA: June 1980.

"Energy, Capital, and Productivity." Ernst R. Berndt and Catherine J. Morrison. In International Energy Strategies: Proceedings of the 1979 IAEE/RFF Conference, edited by Joy Dunkerley. Cambridge, MA: June 1980.

"Parametric Productivity Measurement and Choice Among Flexible Functional Forms." Berndt, Ernst R. and Mohammed S. Khaled. Journal of Political Economy Vol. 87, No. 6 (1979): 1120-1245. (1979)

"Utility Bond Rates and Tax Normalization." Berndt, Ernst R., Karen Chant Sharp and G. Campbell Watkins. Journal of Finance Vol. 34, No. 5 (1979): 1211-1220. (1979)

"Estimation of Logging Costs and Timber Supply Curves from Forestry Inventory Data." Berndt, Ernst R., Alan J. Cox and Peter H. Pearse. The Forestry Chronicle Vol. 55, No. 4 (1979): 144-147. (1979)

"Engineering and Econometric Interpretations of Energy-Capital Complementarity." Berndt, Ernst R. and David O. Wood. American Economic Review Vol. 69, No. 3 (1979): 342-354. (1979)

"Income Redistribution and Employment Effects of Rising Energy Prices."  Berndt, Ernst R. and Catherine J. Morrison. Resources and Energy Vol. 2, No. 2 (1979): 131-150.  (1979)

"Aggregate Energy, Efficiency, and Productivity Measurement." Berndt, Ernst R. Annual Review of Energy Vol. 3 (1978): 225‑273. (1978)

"Review of Energy and Economic Myths: Institutional and Analytical Economic Essays." Berndt, Ernst R. Review of Energy and Economic Myths: Institutional and Analytical Economic Essays, by Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, November, 1978.

"How Energy, and Its Cost, Enter the `Productivity Equation.'" Berndt, Ernst R. and Dale W. Jorgenson. Spectrum Vol. 15, No. 10 (1978): 50-52. (1978)

"Review of British Columbia's Energy Outlook, 1976-1991." Berndt, Ernst R. Canadian Public Policy Vol. 4, No. 1 (1978): 128‑129. (1978)

"Canadian Energy Demand and Economic Growth." Berndt, Ernst R. In Oil in the Seventies: Essays on Energy Policy, edited by G. Campbell Watkins and Michael Walker, 45-84. Vancouver, Canada: The Fraser Institute, 1977. 

Dynamic Models of the Industrial Demand for Energy. ​Berndt, Ernst R., Melvyn A. Fuss and Leonard Waverman. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, 1977.

"Flexible Functional Forms and Expenditure Distributions: An Application to Canadian Consumer Demand Functions." Berndt, Ernst R., Masako N. Darrough, and W. Erwin Diewert. International Economic Review Vol. 18, No. 3 (1977): 651-676. (1977)

"Conflict Among Criteria for Testing Hypotheses in the Multivariate Linear Regression Model." Berndt, Ernst R. and N. Eugene Savin. Econometrica Vol. 45, No. 5 (1977): 1263-1278.  (1977)

"Tax Credits for Employment Rather than Investment." Kesselman, Jonathan R., Samuel H. Williamson and Ernst R. Berndt. American Economic Review Vol. 67, No. 3 (1977): 339-349.  (1977)

"Demand for Natural Gas: Residential and Commercial Markets in Ontario and British Columbia." Berndt, Ernst R. and G. Campbell Watkins. Canadian Journal of Economics Vol. 10, No. 1 (1977): 97-111.  (1977)

"Reconciling Alternative Estimates of the Elasticity of Substitution." Berndt, Ernst R. Review of Economics and Statistics Vol. 58, No. 1 (1976): 59-68.  (1976)

"Technology, Prices and the Derived Demand for Energy." ​Berndt, Ernst R. and David O. Wood. Review of Economics and Statistics Vol. 57, No. 3 (1975): 259-268.  (1975)

"Forecasting North American Energy Demand: Issues and Problems." Berndt, Ernst R. In The Mackenzie Pipeline: Arctic Gas and Canadian Energy Policy, edited by Peter H. Pearse,  71-79. Toronto, Canada: McClelland and Stewart, 1974. 

"Estimation and Inference in Nonlinear Structural Models." Berndt, Ernst R., Bronwyn H. Hall, Robert E. Hall, and Jerry A. Hausman. Annals of Economic and Social Measurement Vol. 43, No. 5 (1974): 937-957.  (1974)

"An Economic Interpretation of the Energy-GNP Ratio." Berndt, Ernst R. In Energy: Demand Conservation and Institutional Problems, edited by Michael S. Macraki. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1974. 

"Testing for the Existence of a Consistent Aggregate Index of Labor Inputs." Berndt, Ernst R. and Laurits R. Christensen. American Economic Review Vol. 64, No. 3 (1974): 391-404.  (1974)

"Production Structure." Berndt, Ernst R. and Dale W. Jorgenson. In U.S. Energy Resources and Economic Growth, edited by Dale W. Jorgenson, Edward A. Hudson, Ernst R. Berndt and Laurits R. Christensen. Washington, DC: Ford Foundation Energy Policy Project, 1973. 

"The Internal Structure of Functional Relationships: Separability, Substitution, and Aggregation." Berndt, Ernst R. and Laurits R. Christensen. Review of Economic Studies Vol. 3, No. 3 (1973): 403-410. (1973)

"The Translog Function and the Substitution of Equipment, Structures, and Labor in U.S. Manufacturing, 1929-68." Berndt, Ernst R. and Laurits R. Christensen. Journal of Econometrics Vol. 1, No. 1 (1973): 81-114. (1973)

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Office: E62-518
Tel: (617) 253-2665
Fax: (617) 258-6786
Support Staff
Name: John Tracey-Ursprung
Tel: (617) 253-8318

General Expertise
Affordable Care Act (ACA); Applied economics; Applied microeconomics; Applied probability; Biopharmaceutical; Biotechnology; Cancer; Clinical trials; Data analytics; Drug models; Econometrics; Economics; Education; Game theory; Health management; Healthcare; Healthcare industry; HIV; Industrial organization; Industrial organization; Industrial partnerships; Institutional partnerships; Intellectual property; Intellectual property; Intellectual property law; Market research; Medicaid; Medical decision making; Medical devices; Medicare; Medicine; Microeconomics; Outsourcing; Pharmaceuticals; Pricing; Regulation and policy; Sampling; Statistics; Stochastic modeling