"Operational Failures and Interruptions in Hospital Nursing."

Tucker, Anita L., and Steven J. Spear. Health Services Research Vol. 41, No. 3p1 (2006): 643-662.

"The Health Factory."

Spear, Steven J. The New York Times, August 29, 2005.

"Ambiguity and Workarounds as Contributors to Medical Error."

Spear, Steven J., and Mark Schmidhofer. Annals of Internal Medicine Vol. 142, No. 8 (2005): 627-630.

"Medical Education as a Process Management Problem."

Armstrong, Elizabeth G., Marie Mackey, and Steven J. Spear. Academic Medicine Vol. 79, No. 8 (2004): 721-728.

"Driving Improvement in Patient Care: Lessons from Toyota."

Thompson, Debra N., Gail A. Wolf, and Steven J. Spear. Journal of Nursing Administration Vol. 33, No. 11 (2003): 585-595.

"The Essence of Just-in-Time: Embedding Diagnostic Tests in Work-Systems to Achieve Operational Excellence."

Spear, Steven J. Production Planning and Control Vol. 13, No. 8 (2002): 754-767.

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