• Seminars

    The Work and Organization Studies group is a hub for the study of work, employment, and organizations, and is host to one of the longest-running seminar series at MIT. These weekly seminars attract researchers from across the Institute and around the world. Unless otherwise noted, OS seminars are held from 11:00-12:30 pm on Thursdays in E62-350 and IWER seminars take place from 12:30-2:20 pm on Tuesdays in E62-346.

  • OS Seminars
  • Date Event
    Apr 21, 2016 Pam Tolbert - Cornell University

    Art and Audiences: Complex Identities in U.S. Art Museums

    Professor Shinwon Noh, Lubin School of Business, Pace University

    Pamela S. Tolbert, ILR School, Cornell University

    Abstract: Organizational studies have yielded conflicting answers to the question of whether having a narrowly-defined, clearer organizational identity, or a broader, more complex one leads to more favorable reactions by external audiences. This study seeks to reconcile apparently divergent results by focusing on the aims and importance of different audience segments. We distinguish between “market intermediaries” (individuals and groups with specialized expertise who provide evaluations and recommendations) and other consumers, arguing that intermediaries respond more negatively to organizations with complex identities than other consumers, who may actually prefer organizations with complex identities. We also argue that there are critical differences among consumers, between those who are relatively attentive to market mediators and those who are not, that are important in understanding the ultimate impact on organizations of having a more complex identity. Using longitudinal data from U.S. art museums, we find art museums with complex identities are less likely to have their exhibitions reviewed by art critics, but more likely to experience growth in attendance. Moreover, having an exhibit reviewed affects attendance differently for art museums with complex and simple identities. Thus, our study demonstrates the importance of differentiating among external audiences for understanding the organizational consequences of a complex identity.

    Apr 7, 2016 Cheryl Kaiser - University of Washington

    Organizational Diversity Initiatives and Perceptions of Fairness

    Abstract: How do organizational diversity initiatives shape how members of advantaged groups think about workplace fairness? This talk describes a program of experimental research revealing that among advantaged groups (Whites, men) the presence (vs. absence) of organizational diversity initiatives causes them to perceive the workplace as more fair for disadvantaged groups (even when the workplace favors advantaged groups). At the same time, these diversity initiatives cause advantaged group members to become sensitive to discrimination against their own group and to experience a physiological stress response when considering applying to organizations that profess pro-diversity values. This research has implications for understanding intergroup relations, organizational diversity, civil rights compliance, and legal decision making.

    Mar 10, 2016 Jennifer Petriglieri - INSEAD

    Secure Base Relationships as Drivers of Professional Identity Development in Dual Career Couples

    Abstract: Through a qualitative study of fifty dual career couples, we examine whether and how people in a dual career relationship shape each other’s professional identities and how they experience and interpret the interactions between them. We found that the extent to and way in which this occurred depended on the nature of a couple’s attachment relationship, in particular whether partners’ provided a secure base to each other—which occurred when they supported and encouraged the other’s exploratory behavior—and on whether this was reciprocated. At the individual level, people whose partner provided a secure base to them, engaged in professional identity exploration, actively endeavoring to actualize desired professional identities even when risky, and expanded their professional identity to incorporate attributes of their partner’s identity. At the dyadic level couples that had a unidirectional secure base structure experienced their professional identities as being in conflict, while couples that had a bidirectional secure base structure experienced their professional identities as enhancing each other. Building on these findings, we develop a model of professional identity co-crafting, that breaks new theoretical ground by exploring inter-personal identity relationships and the nature of the secure base structure between two people as underpinning these dynamics.

    Mar 1, 2016 JP Ferguson - Stanford Graduate School of Business Joint OS/IWER Seminar
    Feb 18, 2016 Sarah Brayne - Microsoft Research

    Joint OS/IWER Seminar

    The Promise of Prediction: Policing in the Age of Big Data

    Abstract: In the wake of 9/11, federal agencies provided considerable funding to state and local law enforcement agencies to collect, analyze, share and deploy a wide range of new data. Increasingly, local law enforcement agencies recognized these data could be useful for their own surveillance activities. The rise of “big data” raises a host questions about its implications for surveillance, organizations and inequality. In my research, I analyze the use of big data within the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD). I draw on observational and interview data collected from fieldwork with various area and specialized divisions, a crime analysis center, a multi-agency intelligence center, and a software company in order to offer an on the ground account of how the police use big data. I analyze to what extent the adoption of new analytic technologies transforms police patrol, investigative, and analytic practices. I also examine how the police themselves respond to changes in organizational practice associated with big data analytics.

    Feb 4, 2016 Community Lunch
    No events found.
  • IWER Seminars
  • Date Event
    No events found.