• Suggested Background

    Mathematical background and programing skills

    Listed below is an outline of the mathematical background and programming skills that students are expected to have in order to be successful in the most challenging of courses in the program.

    Linear algebra: Basic topics, including: matrix/vector notation, operations on matrices and vectors, determinants, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, quadratic forms, and systems of linear equations.

    Calculus: Multivariable differentiation and integration, series expansions, and function approximation and maximization.

    Probability: Sample spaces and random variables, common distributions and densities, moments of distributions, conditional probability and Bayes’ theorem, law of large numbers, central limit theorem, joint distributions, covariance, correlation, and stochastic independence.

    Stochastic processes: Random walks, Bernoulli trials, Markov processes, basic properties of linear time series models, continuous-time processes, and Ito’s dilemma.

    Statistics/econometrics: Parameter estimation, confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, linear regression models, ordinary least squares, and likelihood principle.

    Computer literacy: Students entering the MIT MFin program are expected to possess basic programming skills needed for processing and analyzing data. As part of the degree requirements, all students in the MFin program need to pass the programming aptitude test (PAT). Entering students will take the PAT at the beginning of the summer term using any of the following programming languages: R, Python, C, or C++. Those who do not successfully pass the test will be required to take additional class(es) on coding and retake the PAT.


    To assess the adequacy of your mathematical background, please use the following self-assessment test. If you experience difficulties in any particular area, we strongly recommend that you strengthen your skills through self-study or formal coursework prior to enrolling in the MFin program.

    Sample Test


    Self-study resources


    DataCamp is an online interactive training and education platform in the field of data science and programming.


    MIT OpenCourseWare provides access to many resources that may be helpful, including lecture videos, lecture notes, problem sets, exams, and solutions.