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Center for Development & Entrepreneurship


Positioning African Startups for Global Success: Leveraging the Power of Communication, Branding and Storytelling


At the heart of Africa’s thriving entrepreneurial landscape, a dynamic spirit of innovation is reshaping industries, addressing complex challenges, and forging pathways toward shared prosperity. Startups and ventures across the continent have transcended the confines of local and regional boundaries, setting their sights on global recognition and success. In this ambitious pursuit, they have come to realize that effective communication, strategic branding, and compelling storytelling are no longer optional add-ons but indispensable drivers of achievement. This recognition underscores the vital role of global competitiveness in Africa’s ongoing journey towards sustainable prosperity. The continent, rich in latent potential and driven by an ever-expanding entrepreneurial landscape, now looks to its startups as proponents of economic transformation. By cultivating an environment of innovation, harnessing the power of persuasive communication, crafting robust brands, and sharing narratives that resonate, African startups can unlock the doors to global markets. This integration into the global economy not only benefits the startups but also contributes to economic growth and job creation, making the positioning of Africa for global competitiveness a strategic imperative for its sustained progress. 

In the following, we will delve into how the three core components of communication, branding, and storytelling can work in harmony to drive African startups to global competitiveness. Together, they offer a powerful toolkit for navigating the complexities of today’s business environment as well as a holistic approach to making an impact on a global scale. 

Communications: Establishing a Connection 
Effective communication serves as the vital link that seamlessly connects businesses with their diverse audiences. Whether it’s engaging customers, attracting investors, or forming lasting partnerships, the ability to establish this connection is pivotal in the multifaceted context of the African business landscape. In a region where markets are renowned for their dynamic and ever-evolving nature, the role of clear and well-tailored messaging becomes invaluable in setting the stage for meaningful interactions, fostering trust, and positioning businesses for success. 

A compelling example that vividly illustrates the transformative power of effective communication can be demonstrated through Swvl. This Egyptian-based startup embarked on a mission to revolutionize the public transportation system across multiple growth markets, including Egypt, Kenya, and Pakistan. Swvl recognized that in these densely populated and rapidly growing cities, an efficient and reliable transportation service was the need of the hour. However, bridging the gap between traditional public transportation and modern ride-sharing services required more than just innovative technology; it necessitated effective communication strategies.  

Swvl’s journey to success was driven by its commitment to not only providing a practical solution but also conveying it effectively to a diverse audience. The company’s strategic communication efforts focused on addressing the core pain points of their potential users: overcrowded and unreliable public transportation systems. Through engaging marketing campaigns, Swvl highlighted their service as a hassle-free and comfortable alternative. Their message centered around the idea that transportation should be an efficient and pleasant experience, resonating with the daily concerns of the people in these bustling cities.  

One of the pivotal factors in Swvl’s rise to prominence was its knack for crafting clear and relatable narratives. By employing user-centric storytelling and harnessing the power of social media and digital marketing, they effectively communicated their value proposition. Swvl’s messaging emphasized not only the practical benefits of their service but also the broader impact on the daily lives of their customers, who were seeking reliable, stress-free commutes.  

Through this diligent approach to communications, Swvl was not only able to attract and retain a loyal customer base but also secure investments and partnerships that propelled their expansion into new markets. This example underscores that effective communication doesn’t just serve the purpose of conveying a message; it shapes perceptions, engages with emotions, and, in the case of Swvl, can be the driving force behind an entire industry transformation. The startup’s commitment to transparent, relatable, and persuasive communication has not only boosted their bottom line but has also significantly improved the daily lives of countless people across the markets they serve.  

Branding: Forging Identity and Trust 
A strong brand represents much more than just a logo or a catchy tagline; it serves as the very essence of a company’s identity. In the dynamic business landscape of Africa, where innovation is reshaping industries and reshuffling market dynamics, the significance of cultivating a reputable brand cannot be overstated. Building a brand that is recognized and trusted in competitive global markets becomes a powerful tool for startups striving to stand out.  

Andela, a remarkable success story in the realm of African startups, owes much of its triumph to the strategic power of branding. Founded by Iyinoluwa Aboyeji and Jeremy Johnson, Andela set out on a mission to identify, train, and nurture top-tier software developers across Africa. Their goal was ambitious: to connect Africa’s tech talent with global opportunities and bridge the digital skills gap. However, in a competitive and evolving tech landscape, a strong brand was pivotal to achieving their vision. 

From the outset, Andela embarked on an intensive branding journey that emphasized their commitment to transforming the tech industry in Africa. Their branding strategy showcased the importance of human capital in technology. Instead of relying solely on technical jargon, Andela’s branding focused on people, on the software developers themselves. Their message was clear: Africa possesses immense untapped tech talent, and Andela was here to unlock that potential. 

This approach resonated deeply with investors and stakeholders. Their branding emphasized human connections and the nurturing of talent, echoing a narrative of empowerment and transformation. Such a brand identity not only attracted interest from prominent investors like Mark Zuckerberg but also aligned perfectly with their mission to support software developers. 

Through their strong branding, Andela didn’t just convey a business message; they told a compelling story of African tech talent rising to global recognition. This branding strategy played a pivotal role in their success, enabling Andela to expand, secure funding, and ultimately fulfill its vision of preparing African developers for global opportunities.  

Storytelling: Winning Hearts & Minds 
Storytelling is a universal language that transcends borders and cultures. For African ventures, it’s a powerful tool to convey purpose, impact, and authenticity to a global audience. It’s not merely about recounting anecdotes; it’s about crafting a compelling narrative that resonates with audiences on both an emotional and intellectual level. In today’s digital age, where information is abundant, and attention spans are fleeting, mastering the art of storytelling can make all the difference.  

Stories humanize businesses, winning hearts and minds. They allow startups to present themselves not just as entities with products or services but as relatable entities with missions and values. By sharing the founders’ journeys, their challenges, and their triumphs, storytelling helps create a bond between the venture and its audience.  

The Legatum Center at MIT has a rich history of nurturing startups and ventures across Africa. Many of its fellows have harnessed the power of storytelling to drive their missions forward. For instance, Sanergy, co-founded by David Auerbach, a Legatum Center alumnus, builds healthy, prosperous communities by making hygiene sanitation affordable and accessible through Africa’s informal settlements. It leveraged storytelling to share its mission of transforming sanitation in Africa. By humanizing the issue and showcasing the real people impacted by their work, they connected on a profound level.  

Another example is that of BRCK, a Kenyan technology company that specializes in providing internet access solutions in remote and underserved areas. This venture was brought to life by visionary founders Erik Hersman and Juliana Rotich, who understood that their mission to bridge the digital divide and connect the unconnected was not merely about hardware; it was about making a profound impact on people’s lives through connectivity. 

BRCK created content that highlighted the stories of individuals and communities whose lives were transformed by gaining access to the internet. They shared anecdotes of students accessing online education, entrepreneurs launching businesses, and healthcare workers improving patient care through connectivity. These stories demonstrated the tangible benefits of their technology beyond just internet access; it was about improving education, creating economic opportunities, and saving lives. 

Through their storytelling efforts, both Sanergy and BRCK were not only able to attract investors and partners who believed in their mission but also inspire local and global communities to get involved. Their narrative became a rallying point for those passionate about the purpose they laid out to achieve, and their impact extended far beyond the technology or service itself.  

Conclusion: The Road to Global Competitiveness   
In a multitude of African countries, innovation ecosystems are emerging as hubs of creativity and competitiveness. To achieve global recognition, the path requires more than just innovative products; it demands a strategic approach to communication, branding, and storytelling. 

The success stories of Swvl, Andela, BRCK, Sanergy, and countless others underscore the profound impact of effective communication. They remind us that a strong brand can propel a startup from obscurity to iconic status. They show us that storytelling forges connections that transcend borders and touches the hearts and minds of audiences worldwide. 

As the Legatum Center for Development and Entrepreneurship at MIT continues to support visionary entrepreneurs like these, the narrative of African innovation becomes increasingly compelling with each success story. This narrative actively challenges and reshapes outdated stereotypes of the continent, weaving a tale that spotlights its vast potential, boundless opportunities, and extraordinary growth, one inspiring story at a time.  

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