Nicholas A. Ashford


Nicholas A. Ashford

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Nicholas Ashford is Professor of Technology & Policy and Director of the Technology & Law Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he teaches courses in Environmental Law, Policy, and Economics; Law, Technology, and Public Policy; and Technology, Globalization and Sustainable Development.  Dr. Ashford is a Faculty Associate of the Center for Socio-technical Research in the School of Engineering; the Institute for Work and Employment Research in the Sloan School of Management; and the Environmental Policy Group in the Urban Studies Department. 

He holds both a PhD in chemistry and a law degree from the University of Chicago, where he also received graduate education in economics.  Dr. Ashford is also a visiting scientist at the Harvard School of Public Health and has taught intensive courses in Sustainable Development and European & International Environmental Law at Harvard University, Cambridge University, UK, and at the Cyprus University of Technology.

Dr. Ashford is the coauthor of two textbooks/readers used in his classes: Technology, Globalization, and Sustainable Development: Transforming the Industrial State (2018, revised edition, Routledge/Earthscan Press; see and Environmental Law, Policy and Economics: Reclaiming the Environmental Agenda (2008, MIT Press; see He also authored a major policy work for the Ford Foundation, Crisis in the Workplace: Occupational Disease and Injury, (1976, MIT Press). He coauthored four additional books: Public Participation in Contaminated Communities, (2001,; Chemical Exposures: Low Levels and High Stakes (second edition 1998, John Wiley Press; Chemical Exposures:  Low Levels and High Stakes, N.A. Ashford and C.S. Miller, Second Edition, John Wiley Press, 1998, 440 pages. Available for free at (click to obtain pdf version); Technology, Law and the Working Environment (second edition 1996, Island Press) and Monitoring the Worker for Exposure and Disease (1990, John Hopkins University Press). He has published several hundred articles in peer-reviewed journals and law reviews.

Dr. Ashford was a public member and chairman of the National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety & Health, served on the EPA Science Advisory Board, and was chairman of the Committee on Technology Innovation & Economics of the EPA National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology.  Dr. Ashford is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and former chair of its Section on Societal Impacts of Science and Engineering. He served as an advisor to the United Nations Environment Programme and is also a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Cleaner Production, the Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, the Journal of Environmental Policy & Governance, and Environmental Innovation & Societal Transitions, He served as co-chair of the US-Greece Council for the Initiative on Technology Cooperation with the Balkans.

Dr. Ashford's research interests include sustainability, trade and environment; regulatory law and economics; the design of government policies for encouraging both technological innovation, and improvements in health, safety and environmental quality; pollution prevention and cleaner/inherently safer production; labor's participation in technological change; and environmental justice. He has developed methodologies for decision-making in the regulation of chemicals and has extensively investigated the effects of regulation on technological innovation in the chemical, pharmaceutical, and automobile industries. Dr. Ashford's research activities include work for the United Nations Environment Programme, the OECD, and the European Union, as well as for U.S. regulatory agencies and the U.S. Office of Technology Assessment.


"A Four-day Workweek: A Policy for Improving Employment and Environmental Conditions in Europe."

Ashford, Nicholas A., and Giorgos Kallis. The European Financial Review (2013).

"Reducing Physical Hazards: Encouraging Inherently Safer Production."

Ashford, Nicholas A. In Handbook of Green Chemistry Green Processes Volume 9: Designing Safer Chemicals, 485-500. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH, 2013.

"Addressing the Crisis in Employment and Consumer Demand: Reconciliation with Financial and Environmental Sustainability."

Ashford, Nicholas A., Ralph P. Hall, and Robert Ashford. The European Financial Review (2012).

"Broadening Capital Acquisition with the Earnings of Capital as a Means of Sustainable Growth and Environmental Sustainability."

Ashford, Robert, Ralph P. Hall, and Nicholas A. Ashford. The European Financial Review (2012).

"The Crisis in Employment and Consumer Demand: Reconciliation with Environmental Sustainability."

Ashford, Nicholas A., Ralph P. Hall, and Robert H. Ashford. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions Vol. 2, No. 1 (2012): 1-22.

Technology, Globalization, and Sustainable Development: Transforming the Industrial State.

Ashford, Nicholas A., and Ralph P. Hall. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2011.

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